the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #02734 - חָרָה
1) to be hot, furious, burn, become angry, be kindled
1a) (Qal) to burn, kindle (anger)
1b) (Niphal) to be angry with, be incensed
1c) (Hiphil) to burn, kindle
1d) (Hithpael) to heat oneself in vexation
1181) rh (ההר HhR) AC: Burn CO: ? AB: ?: The pictograph h is a picture of a wall representing the outside. The r is a picture of a man. Combined these mean "outside man". A man outside in the desert sun becomes pale and hot.
A) rh (ההר HhR) AC: Burn CO: ? AB: ?: The heat from the sun. Heat of anger. Also tomorrow or later time as a delay.
af) rhm (מההר MHhR) - Later: KJV (52): tomorrow, time to come - Strongs: H4279 (מָחָר)
af2) trhm (מההרת MHhRT) - Tomorrow: [df: Mtrxm] KJV (32): morrow, next day, next - Strongs: H4283 (מָחֳרָתָם)
fm ) irh (ההרי HhRY) - Burning: KJV (6): fierce, heat - Strongs: H2750 (חֳרִי)
jm) nfrh (ההרונ HhRWN) - Burning: KJV (41): fierce, wrath, fury, wrathful, displeasure - Strongs: H2740 (חָרֹן)
lm) rhrh (ההרההר HhRHhR) - Burning: KJV (1): burning - Strongs: H2746 (חַרְחֻר)
B) rrh (ההרר HhRR) AC: Burn CO: ? AB: ?: The heat from the sun. Also anger as a hot emotion.
V) rrh (ההרר HhRR) - Burn: KJV (11): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Pilpel) burn, dried, angry, kindle - Strongs: H2787 (חָרַר)
Nm) rrh (ההרר HhRR) - Burn: KJV (1): parched place - Strongs: H2788 (חֲרֵרִים)
C) rha (אההר AHhR) AC: Delay CO: Back AB: ?: Rather than work in the heat of the sun, one waits until the breeze of the day.
V) rha (אההר AHhR) - Delay: KJV (17): (vf: Paal, Piel) tarry, defer, slack, continue, delay, hinder, stay, late - Strongs: H309 (אָחַר)
Nm) rha (אההר AHhR) - I. After:A time to come beyond another event. [Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Other:A time, person or thing that follows after. KJV (878): after, follow, afterward, behind, other, another, next, following - Strongs: H310 (אַחַר), H311 (אַחַר), H312 (אַחֵר)
Nf4) tirha (אההרית AHhRYT) - End: The latter time as coming after everything else. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (62): end, latter, last, posterity, reward, hindermost - Strongs: H319 (אַחֲרִית), H320 (אַחֲרִי)
cm) rfha (אההור AHhWR) - Back: The part of the body that is behind. To be in the back of or behind something. KJV (41): back, backward, behind, next, delay, hinder part - Strongs: H268 (אָחֹר)
fm) irha (אההרי AHhRY) - Other: A time, person or thing that follows after. [Aramaic only] KJV (6): another, other - Strongs: H317 (אָחֳרִי)
jm) nfrha (אההרונ AHhRWN) - After: To be behind or following after something. KJV (51): last, after, latter, end, utmost, following, hinder - Strongs: H314 (אַחֲרֹן)
mm) nrha (אההרנ AHhRN) - Other: A time, person or thing that follows after. [Aramaic only] KJV (5): another, other - Strongs: H321 (אָחֳרָן)
sm) nirha (אההרינ AHhRYN) - End: The latter time as coming after everything else. [Aramaic only] KJV (1): last - Strongs: H318 (אַחֳרֵן)
cmf4) tinrfha (אההורנית AHhWRNYT) - Backward: KJV (7): backward, again - Strongs: H322 (אֲחֹרַנִּית)
E) arh (ההרא HhRA) AC: ? CO: Dung AB: ?: What comes from the backside (בהנד behind) .
Nm) arh (ההרא HhRA) - Dung: KJV (1): dung - Strongs: H2716 (חֲרָאִים)
af1) earhm (מההראה MHhRAH) - Privy: KJV (1): draught house - Strongs: H4280 (מַחֲרָאָה)
im) arht (תההרא THhRA) - Col KJV (2): habergeon - Strongs: H8473 (תַּחְרָא)
H) erh (ההרה HhRH) AC: Burn CO: ? AB: Anger: One who is hot.
V) erh (ההרה HhRH) - Burn: KJV (90): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael) kindle, wroth, hot, angry, displease, fret, incense burn, earnest, grieve - Strongs: H2734 (חָרָה)
im) erht (תההרה THhRH) - Compete: From the heat of passion. KJV (2): closest, contend - Strongs: H8474 (תַּחָרָה)
J) rfh (ההור HhWR) AC: ? CO: White AB: ?: A bleaching by the sun.
V) rfh (ההור HhWR) - White: To become white. KJV (1): (vf: Paal) wax pale - Strongs: H2357 (חָוַר)
Nm) rfh (ההור HhWR) - I. White:[Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Noble:[Unknown connection to root] KJV (16): white - Strongs: H2353 (חוּר), H2358 (חִוָּר), H2715 (חוֹר)
fm) irfh (ההורי HhWRY) - White: KJV (2): network - Strongs: H2355 (חוֹרָי), H2751 (חֹרִי)
L) rhi (יההר YHhR) AC: Delay CO: ? AB: ?: Rather than work in the heat of the sun, one waits until the breeze of the day.
V) rhi (יההר YHhR) - Delay: [df: lxy] KJV (43): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) hope, wait, tarry, trust, stay - Strongs: H3176 (יָהַל), H3186 (יָחַר)
bm ) rihi (יההיר YHhYR) - Delay: KJV (1): hope - Strongs: H3175 (יָחִיל)
if2) trhft (תוההרת TWHhRT) - Hope: An expectation for what will come. [df: tlxwt] KJV (6): hope - Strongs: H8431 (תּוֹחֶלֶת)
- A2199 Brh (Waste, Sword)
- A2200 Crh (Tremble)
- A2201 Drh (Tremble)
- A2204 Krh (Roast, Grill)
- A2205 Lrh (Nettle)
- A2232 Rhu (Burn, Hemorrhoids)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect ׳ח Genesis 4:6 20t.; Imperfect יֶחֱרֶה Exodus 32:11 2t.; יִ֫חַר Genesis 18:30 7t.; וַיִּ֫חַר Genesis 4:5 46t.; Infinitive absolute חָרֹה 1 Samuel 20:7; construct חֲרוֺת 2 Samuel 24:1; Psalm 124:3; —
1 of man:
a.חרה אף (one's) anger was kindled, burned Genesis 39:19; Numbers 22:27 (J), Exodus 32:19,22 (JE), Judges 9:30; Judges 14:19; 1 Samuel 11:6; Job 32:2,5; with בְּ against Genesis 30:2 (E), Genesis 44:18 (J), 1 Samuel 17:28; 1 Samuel 20:30; 2 Samuel 12:5; 2 Chronicles 25:10; Psalm 124:3; Job 32:2,3; with אֶל Numbers 24:10 (E).
b. impersonal, אף omitted; חרה לְ it was kindled for (him) he burned with anger Genesis 31:36 (E), Genesis 4:5,6; Genesis 34:7; Numbers 16:15 (J), 1 Samuel 15:11 (read perhaps וַיֵּצֶר, Weir in Dr), 1 Samuel 18:8; 1 Samuel 20:7 (twice in verse); 2 Samuel 3:8; 2 Samuel 6:8 = 1 Chronicles 13:11; 2 Samuel 13:21; 2 Samuel 19:43; Nehemiah 3:33; Nehemiah 4:1; Nehemiah 5:6; Jonah 4:1,4,9 (twice in verse); insert ויחר לדוד 2 Samuel 11:22 ᵐ5 We Dr; בְּעֵינֵי׳ח Genesis 31:35; Genesis 45:5 (E).
2 of God:
a. אף׳ח Exodus 22:23; Numbers 22:22 (E), Numbers 11:1,10; Numbers 32:10 (J); with בְּ Exodus 4:14; Exodus 32:10; Numbers 12:9; Deuteronomy 31:17 (J), Deuteronomy 6:15; Deuteronomy 7:4; Deuteronomy 11:17; Deuteronomy 29:26; Joshua 23:16 (D), Judges 6:39; 2 Samuel 6:7 = 1 Chronicles 13:10; Hosea 8:5; 2 Kings 23:26; 2 Chronicles 25:15; Job 42:7; בְּעַם Exodus 32:11; Numbers 11:33 (J), Isaiah 5:25; Psalm 106:40; בישׂראל Numbers 25:3; Numbers 32:13 (JE); Judges 2:14,20; Judges 3:8; Judges 10:7; 2 Samuel 24:1; 2 Kings 13:3; בבני ישׂראל Joshua 7:1 (R); בנהרים, אף omitted, Habakkuk 3:8; with עַל Zechariah 10:3.
b.חרה לְ Genesis 18:30,32 (J) 2 Samuel 22:8 = Psalm 18:8. —
Note: חרה not in HP (who use קצף); nor in Jeremiah , Ezekiel , Isa2, Proverbs or poetry of Job.
Niph`al Perfect נִחֲרוּֿ followed by בְּ Song of Solomon 1:6 (according to Bö ii. 379 De Kö1. 551) be angry with; Participle ׳כֹּל הַנֶּחֱרִים בְּ all that are incensed against (thee) Isaiah 41:11, so Isaiah 45:24.
Hiph`il Perfect הֶחֱרָה הֶחֱזִיק Nehemiah 3:20 burned with zeal (?) in repairing, but ᵐ5 omit החרה; probably dittograph; Imperfect וַיַּחַר עָלַי אַמּוֺ Job 19:11 and kindled his anger against me.
Hithpa`el Imperfect אַל תִּתְחַר Psalm 37:1; Psalm 37:7; Psalm 37:8; Proverbs 24:19 heat oneself in vexation. — The following forms are somewhat dubious: Imperfect 2 masculine singular אֵיךְתְּתַחֲרֶה אֶתהַֿסּוּסִים Jeremiah 12:5 how canst thou hotly contend (in a race) with the horses ? Participle כִּיאַתָּה מְתַחֲרֶה בָאָ֑רֶז Jeremiah 22:15 because thou strivest eagerly (to excel) in cedar; explained as Tiph`el by Thes Ges§ 55, 5 Ew§ 122 a Ol§ 255 a Sta§ 159 b Kö i. p. 557 and others, and regarded by most as a rare causative stem; but ag. existence of Tiph`el see Ba NB § 180 a; ZMG 1894,20; Ba regards the form as denominative (from a noun formed by ת preform., compare Aramaic contention); SS would point as Hithpa`el [compare Syriac contend with, contention], although meaning of Hithpa`el is different, see above
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חָרָה fut יֶחֱרֶה apoc. יִחַר.
(1) to burn, to be kindled, cogn. to חָרַר. Always spoken of anger, concerning which these expressions are used
(a) חָרָה אַפּוֹ, Exodus 22:23 followed by בְּ against any one, Genesis 30:2, 44:18 Job 32:2, Job 32:3, 42:7 less often followed by אֶל Numbers 24:10 עַל Zechariah 10:3.
(b) without אַף: חָרָה לוֹ “(anger) was kindled to him;” he was angry, Genesis 31:36, 34:7 1 Samuel 15:11; 2 Samuel 19:43.
(c) חָרָה בְעֵינָיו “(anger) was kindled in his eyes;” since anger is visible in the kindling of eyes, and inflamed countenance, Genesis 31:35, 45:5.
These expressions sometimes rather denote sorrow than anger; and hence they are rendered by the LXX. by the verb λυπέομαι, as Genesis 4:5; Jonah 4:4, Jonah 4:9; Nehemiah 5:6 compare as to the connection of the two ideas זָעַם Niphal, and עָצַב Hithpael.
(2) to be angry, followed by בְּ Habakkuk 3:8.
Niphal (Song of Solomon 1:6 [referred in Thes. to the root חָרַר]). part. נֶחֱרִים pl. i.q. Kal No. 2, to be angry, Isaiah 41:22, 45:24 followed by בְּ against any one, Song of Solomon 1:6 [but this should be referred to חָרַר].
Hiphil הֶחֳרָה fut. וַיַחַר
(1) to make to burn, to kindle anger, Job 19:11 followed by עַל.
(2) to do any thing with ardour, to be earnest; followed by another finite verb, Nehemiah 3:20, אַחֲרָיו הֶחֱרָה הֶחֱזִיק בָּרוּךְ “after him Baruch earnestly repaired (the wall),” or, emulating him, repaired, etc.
Tiphil, fut. יְתַחֲרֶה (of the form תִּקְטַל) to emulate, to rival, Jeremiah 22:15 followed by אֶת with any one, Jeremiah 12:5.
Hithpael, to fret oneself, to be angry, Psalms 37:1, Psalms 37:7, Psalms 37:8; Proverbs 24:19.
Derived nouns, חָרוֹן, חֳרִי, תַּחְרָא.
[“חַרְהֳיָה (Harhaiah), according to other copies חַרְהֲיָה (“who was dried up”), pr.n. of a man, Nehemiah 3:8.”]
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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