the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #02490 - חָלַל
1) to profane, defile, pollute, desecrate, begin
1a1) to profane oneself, defile oneself, pollute oneself
1a2) to be polluted, be defiled
1b1) to profane, make common, defile, pollute
1b2) to violate the honour of, dishonour
1b3) to violate (a covenant)
1b4) to treat as common
1c) (Pual) to profane (name of God)
1d1) to let be profaned
1d2) to begin
1e) (Hophal) to be begun
2) to wound (fatally), bore through, pierce, bore
2a) (Qal) to pierce
2b) (Pual) to be slain
2c) (Poel) to wound, pierce
2d) (Poal) to be wounded
3) (Piel) to play the flute or pipe
1173) lh (ההל HhL) AC: Bore CO: Hole AB: Pain: A hole is drilled with a tool called a bow drill. The string of the bow is wrapped around the drill. By moving the bow back and forth, and firmly pressing down, the drill spins around drilling the hole. (eng: hole; hollow)
if1) elht (תההלה THhLH) - Begin: The spot to be drilled is first scored to make an indentation to accept the drill and the beginning of the drilling is the most difficult as the drill can easily slip out. KJV (22): beginning, first, begin - Strongs: H8462 (תְּחִלָּה)
V) llh (ההלל HhLL) - I. Pierce: II. Begin:The spot to be drilled is first scored to make an indentation to accept the drill and the beginning of the drilling is the most difficult as the drill can easily slip out. III. Common:To make something common that is meant to be set apart for a special function. [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (141): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hophal, Pual, Piel) begin, profane, pollute, defile, break, wound, eat, slay - Strongs: H2490 (חָלַל)
V) elh (ההלה HhLH) - I. Sick: II. Beseech:To request intervention from a sickness or other trouble. KJV (75): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Hophal, Pual, Piel) sick, beseech, weak, grievous, diseased, wounded, pray, intreat, grief, grieved, sore, pain, infirmity - Strongs: H2470 (חָלָה)
V) lfh (ההול HhWL) - Twist: A twisting in pain or joy. [df: lyx] KJV (62): (vf: Paal, Hophal, Participle) pain, formed, bring forth, tremble, travail, dance, calve, grieve, wound, shake - Strongs: H2342 (חוּל)
Nm) lih (ההיל HhYL) - I. Wall:What is bored through by the enemy to enter a city. II. Army:What bores through the wall. [Hebrew and Aramaic] III. Pain:A spinning or piercing pain. IV. Power:The strength and wealth of a person or army. KJV (267): wall, rampart, host, trench, poor, bulwark, army, pain, pang, sorrow, man of valour, host, force, valiant, strength, wealth, power, substance, might, strong - Strongs: H2426 (חֵל), H2427 (חִילָה), H2428 (חַיִל), H2429 (חַיִל)
- A2062 Lhc (Ember)
- A2161 Dlh (Age)
- A2164 Mlh (Dream, Dream)
- A2165 Plh (Pass)
- A2168 Slh (Weaken, Weak)
- A2203 Urh (Engrave, Pen)
- A2208 Prh (Pierce, Winter)
- A2209 Yrh (Sharp, Hoe)
- A2210 Qrh (Gnash)
- A2211 Srh (Scratch, Craftsman)
- A2212 Trh (Engrave)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect לִבִּי חָלַל בְּקִרְבִּי my heart is pierced (wounded) within me Psalm 109:22 (? literally one has pierced my heart; or read
Pu`alחֻלַּל ?); Infinitive construct חַלּוֺתִי הִיא Psalm 77:11 it is my piercing, my wound (my woe, my cross; so Ew Hi De Bae MV SS Kö i. 341, but Hup Pe Bi Che read חֲלוֺתִי my sickness).
Pi`el Participle plural (Baer) בְּיַד מְחַללֶי֑ךָ Ezekiel 28:9 in the hand of the ones wounding thee (Sm Co read מְחוֺלְלֶ֑ךָ).
Pu`al Participle מְחֻלֲלֵי חֶרֶב pierced by the sword Ezekiel 32:26.
Po`el Perfect 3 feminine singular חֹלֲלָה יָדוֺ נָחָשׁבָּרִחַ Job 26:13 his hand pierced the fleeing serpent; Participle feminine מְחוֺלֶלֶת תַּנִּין Isaiah 51:9 who pierced the dragon.
Po`al Participle מֲחֹלָל מִמְּשָׁעֵינוּ Isaiah 53:5 pierced, wounded because of our transgressions (of the servant of ׳י, "" מְדֻכָּא מֵעֲוֺנֹתֵינוּ).
II. [חלל] verb denominative play the pipe, pipe —
Qal Participle plural וְשָׁרִים כְּחֹלֲלִים Psalm 87:7 as well the singers as the pipe-players, compare AV; < RV Pe De Che Bae and others
Polel Participle from 1. חוּל dancers.
Pi`el Participle וְהָעָם מְחַלְּלִים בַּחֲלִלִים 1 Kings 1:40 and the people piped with pipes (compare Assyrian —âlalu, according to D1in Zim BP 117).
III. [חָלַל] verb pollute, defile, profane;
Hiph`il also begin (literally untie, loosen, open, see Arabic) (Arabic untie, undo, become free, lawful, free from obligation or tie; IV. make lawful; x. esteem lawful or free, profane, desecrate, violate; Late Hebrew חלל be profane, desecrated (also Pi`el Hiph`il transitive), compare Aramaic חֲלַל Pa`el is purify, Aph`el is profane) —
Niph`al Perfect נִחָ֑ל Ezekiel 25:3, נִחַלְתְּ (תִּי- Co) Ezekiel 22:16, נִחֲלוּ Ezekiel 7:24; Imperfect יֵחָ֑ל Isaiah 48:11, תֵּחֵל Leviticus 21:9, וָאֵחַל Ezekiel 22:26; Infinitive הֵחֵל Ezekiel 20:9,14,22, suffix לְהֵחַלּוֺ Leviticus 21:4. —
1 reflex. pollute, defile oneself
a. ritually, by contact with dead "" טמא, Leviticus 21:4 (H).
b. sexually "" זנה Leviticus 21:9 (H).
2 Pass., be polluted, defiled, of holy places Ezekiel 7:24; Ezekiel 25:3, name of God Ezekiel 20:9,14,22; Isaiah 48:11 and even God himself Ezekiel 22:16,26.
Pi`el Perfect חִלֵּל Leviticus 19:8 3t.; suffix חִלִּלוֺ Deuteronomy 20:6; 2 masculine singular חִלַּלְתָּ Genesis 49:4 3t.; 2 feminine singular חִלָּ֑֔לְתְּ Ezekiel 22:8; 3 plural suffix חִלְּלוּהֻ֯ Ezekiel 7:21 etc., + 16t. Perfect; Imperfect יְחַלֵּל Leviticus 21:12,15,23; suffix יְחַלְּלֶנּוּ Deuteronomy 20:6; plural יְחַלְּלוּ Leviticus 21:6 4t., יְחַלֵּ֑לוּ Psalm 89:32 etc., + 13t. Imperfect; Infinitive חַלֵּל Amos 2:7 4t.; חַלְּלוֺ Ezekiel 23:39 4t.; חַלְּלָם Jeremiah 16:18; Participle מְחַלֵּל Ezekiel 24:21 plural מְחַלְּלִים Malachi 1:12; Nehemiah 13:17; suffix מְחַלֲלֶיהָ Exodus 31:14; feminine מְחַלֶּלֶת Leviticus 21:9; —
1 defile, pollute:
a. sexually, Genesis 49:4 (poem) = 1 Chronicles 5:1 (the father's bed); a woman = זנה Leviticus 19:29; Leviticus 21:9 (H); זַרְעוֺ Leviticus 21:15 (H).
b. ceremonially, profane, the altar by a tool Exodus 20:25 (JE); sacred places Leviticus 21:12,23 (H), Ezekiel 7:21,22 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 23:39; Ezekiel 24:21; Ezekiel 44:7; Zephaniah 3:4; Malachi 2:11; Psalm 74:7; Daniel 11:31; the holy land Jeremiah 16:18; sacred things Leviticus 19:8; Leviticus 22:9,15 (H) Numbers 18:32 (P) Ezekiel 22:26; the sabbath Exodus 31:14 (P), Isaiah 56:2,6; Ezekiel 20:13,16,21,24; Ezekiel 22:8; Ezekiel 23:38; Nehemiah 13:17,18; and so the sanctity of the prince of Tyre who made himself God, and his holy places, Ezekiel 28:7,16,18.
c. the name of God Leviticus 18:21; Leviticus 19:12; Leviticus 20:3; Leviticus 21:6; Leviticus 22:2,32 (all H), Amos 2:7; Jeremiah 34:16; Ezekiel 20:39; Ezekiel 36:20,21,22,23; Malachi 1:12, God himself Ezekiel 13:19.
d.׳י defiles or profanes his inheritance by giving it over to Babylon Isaiah 47:6; the princes of the sanctuary by giving them to Chaldeans Isaiah 43:28.
2 violate the honour of, dishonour, ׳י subject crown of Davidic kingdom Psalm 89:40 (followed by לארץ pregnantly), kingdom of Judah Lamentations 2:2; the גאון בל צבי Isaiah 23:9.
3 violate a covenant Psalm 55:21; Psalm 89:35; Malachi 2:10, the חקות of God Psalm 89:32.
4 treat a vineyard as common (see חֹל) by beginning to use its fruit Deuteronomy 20:6 (twice in verse); Deuteronomy 28:30; Jeremiah 31:5 (see the law Leviticus 19:23-25, H).
Pu`al Participle בַּגּוֺיִם שְׁמִי הַגָּדוֺל הַמְֿחֻלָּל Ezekiel 36:23 my great name which is profaned among the nations.
Hiph`il 1. a. Imperfect אֶתשֶֿׁםקָֿדְשִׁי עוֺד לֹא אַחֵל Ezekiel 39:7 I will not let my holy name be profaned any more.
b.לֹא יַחֵל דְּבָרוֺ he shall not violate his word Numbers 30:3 (P).
2 begin, Perfect הֵחֵל Genesis 6:1 15t., הֵ֫חֵלָּה Judges 20:40, הַחִלּוֺתָ Deuteronomy 3:24; Esther 6:13, הַחִלֹּתִי Deuteronomy 2:31; 1 Samuel 22:15, הֵחֵ֫לּוּ Ezra 3:6 6t.; Imperfect יָחֵל Judges 10:18; Judges 13:5, וַיָּ֫חֶל Genesis 9:20 5t., 3 feminine singular וַ֫תָּחֶל Judges 13:25; Judges 16:19,2masculine singular תָּחֵל Deuteronomy 16:9, אָחֵל Deuteronomy 2:25; Joshua 3:7, וַיָּחֵ֫לּוּ Judges 20:31 3t., וַתְּחִלֶּינָה Genesis 41:54, תָּחֵ֫לּוּ Ezekiel 9:6; Imperative הָחֵל Deuteronomy 2:24,31; Infinitive construct הָחֵל 1 Samuel 3:12 2t.; suffix הַחִלָּם Genesis 11:6; Participle מֵחַל Jeremiah 25:29; — begin, Numbers 17:11; Numbers 17:12 (P) Deuteronomy 16:9; 2 Chronicles 29:27 (twice in verse); Song of Solomon 2Samuel 24:15 ᵐ5 We Dr (ᵐ5 inserts וְהַמַּגֵּפָה הֵחֵ֫לָּהבָּעָם before וַיָּ֫מָת); with Infinitive (ל) begin to Genesis 41:54 (E), Genesis 6:1; Genesis 10:8 = 1 Chronicles 1:10; Genesis 11:6; Numbers 25:1 (all J), Deuteronomy 2:25,31; Deuteronomy 3:24; Deuteronomy 16:9; Joshua 3:7 (D), Judges 10:18; Judges 13:5,25; Judges 16:19,22; Judges 20:31,39,40; 1 Samuel 3:2; 1 Samuel 14:35; 1 Samuel 22:15; 2 Kings 10:32; 2 Kings 15:37; 1 Chronicles 27:24; 2 Chronicles 3:1,2; 29:17; 31:7,10,21; 34:3 (twice in verse); Ezra 3:6; Nehemiah 4:1; Esther 6:13; Esther 9:23; Jeremiah 25:29; Jonah 3:4; with ו consecutive Genesis 9:20 (J), Ezra 3:8.; with בְּ begin with Genesis 44:12 (J), Ezekiel 9:6; 2 Chronicles 20:22; Song of Solomon 2Samuel 24:5, read וַיָּחֵ֫לּוּ for וַיַּחֲנוּᵐ5 L We Dr.; with מן begin from Ezekiel 9:6; הָחֵל רָשׁ begin! possess! Deuteronomy 2:24,31; הָחֵל וְכַלֵּה beginning and ending 1 Samuel 3:12 (i.e. accomplishing my full purpose, see Dr).
Hoph`al Perfect ׳אָז הוּחַל לִקְראֹ בְּשֵׁם י then it was begun (= men began) to call on the name of ׳י Genesis 4:26 (J).
Note. — וַיָּחֵלּוּ מְעַט מִמַּשָּׂא Hosea 8:10 begin to be minished by reason of the burden RV Hi and others; Wü Now read וְיָחִלוּ (I. חול, חיל) — for omission of daghesh see also וְיָחֵלוּ of Babylonian Manuscript — shall be in anguish a little for the burden, so Ra AV; Ew וְיָחִלוּ that they may wait (?) a little; ᵐ5וחדלו מעט ממשׁח cease a little from anointing, so Che We, this probably best.
(1) to perforate, pierce through (Arab. خَلَّ Conj. I. and V.), and intrans. to be pierced through, or wounded, Psalms 109:22. Hence הָלָל, חָלִיל, חַלָּה, חַלּוֹן, מְחִלָּה. Compare Piel and Poel.
(2) to loose, to lay open. (Arab. حَلَّ, nearly allied are the Gr. χαλάω, λύω). Comp. Piel, Hiphil.
[“(3) denom. from חָלִיל to play on a flute or pipe (see Piel No. 5), Psalms 87:7.”]
(1) to wound, Ezekiel 28:9.
(2) to loose, to dissolve, to break (a covenant), Psalms 55:21, 89:35.
(3) to lay open, to give access to [“to profane, from the idea of opening”], hence
(a) חִלֵּל הַבַּת Leviticus 19:29, to prostitute one’s daughter, comp. Leviticus 21:7, 14 Leviticus 21:14.
(b) to profane, as the sanctuary (things counted holy not being open to public access), Leviticus 19:8, 21:9, seq.; Malachi 2:11 the sabbath, Exodus 31:14 the name of God, Ezekiel 36:22; Malachi 1:12 the priests, Isaiah 43:28 a father’s bed (by incest), Genesis 49:4.-Used with a pregnant signification, Psalms 89:40, חִלַּלְתָּ לָאָרֶץ נִזְרוֹ “thou hast profaned his crown (by casting it) to the ground,” comp. Psalms 74:7; Ezekiel 28:16. חִלֵּל הַבֶּרֶם to apply a vineyard to common uses (as having been [for the first three years] sacred or dedicated, Leviticus 19:23), i.e. to apply its produce to one’s own use, Deuteronomy 20:6, 28:30 Jeremiah 31:5 hence חֹל, חָלִילָה.
(4) to cast down, to destroy, like the Gr. λύειν. Isaiah 23:9.
(5) denom. from חָלִיל, to play on a pipe or flute [see Kal No. 3], 1 Kings 1:40.
Pual pass. of Pi. No. 1, Ezekiel 32:26 pass. of No. 3. b, Ezekiel 36:23.
Poal חוֹלֵל to wound, to pierce through. Isaiah 51:9, מְחוֹלֶלֶת תַּנִּין “who pierced through the dragon” (meaning Egypt). Pass. מְחוֹלָל wounded, Isaiah 53:5. LXX. ἐτραυματίσθη.
Niphal נִחַל (for נָחַל) inf. הֵחֵל (like הִמֵּס) fut. יֵחַל, תֵּחֵל pass. of Piel No. 3. b, to be profaned, to be defiled, Ezekiel 7:24, 20:9 14:22 Leviticus 21:4.
(1) to loose, to set free. Hosea 8:10, וַיָּחֵלּוּ מְעַט מִמַּשָּׂא מֶלֶךְ “and they (the hostile nations) shall presently force them from the burden (i.e. the unpleasant dominion) of the king.”
(2) to break one’s word, Numbers 30:3.
(3) i.q. Piel No. 3, b, to profane, Ezekiel 39:7.
(4) to begin, of which the idea is derived from that of opening, like many synonymous words, e. g. פתח Arab. to open, to begin. Syr. ܫܪܐ to loose, to open, to begin. German eröffnen. It stands with an inf. followed by לְ Genesis 10:8 without לְ Deuteronomy 2:25, 31 1 Samuel 3:2 rarely followed by a finite verb, as Deuteronomy 2:24, הָחֵל רָשׁ. 1 Samuel 3:12, הָחֵל וְבַלֵּה “in beginning and finishing,” i.e. from the beginning to the end. Genesis 9:20, וַיָּחֶל נֹחַ אִישׁ הָאֲדָמָה “and Noah began (to be) a husbandman.”
Hophal, pass. to be begun, Genesis 4:26.
The derivative nouns are חֹל, חַלָּה, חָלִיל, חַלּוֹן, מְחִלָּה, תְּחִלְּה, and