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Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature
(See VERSIONS, TRANSLATION), in ecclesiastical usage, is the removal of a bishop from the charge of one diocese to that of another. After such removal, the bishop, in all his attestations, dates: from the year of his translation (anno translationis nostrae), not from that of his consecration (anno consecrationis nostrae). In the early Church a bishop could not translate himself to another see without the consent and approbation of a provincial council. Some, indeed, thought it absolutely unlawful for a bishop to forsake his first see and betake himself to any other, because they looked upon his consecration to be a sort of marriage to his church, and therefore looked upon his removal to another see as spiritual adultery.
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McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Translation, Biblical'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tce/t/translation-biblical.html. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.