Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, February 21st, 2024
the First Week of Lent
There are 39 days til Easter!
Attention!
Tired of seeing ads while studying? Now you can enjoy an "Ads Free" version of the site for as little as 10¢ a day and support a great cause!
Click here to learn more!

Bible Encyclopedias
Synod

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

Search for…
or
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z
Prev Entry
Synnada, Council of
Next Entry
Synod, Associate
Resource Toolbox
Additional Links

(from σύνοδος, a gathering), a meeting or assembly of ecclesiastical persons to consult on matters of religion. (See the monographs cited in Volbeding, Index Programmatum, p. 165.) Of these there are four kinds, viz.

1. General, where bishops, etc., meet from all nations. These were first called by the emperors; afterwards by Christian princes; till, in later ages, the pope usurped to himself the greatest share in this business, and by his legates presided in them when called. See AECUMENICAL.

2. National, where those of one nation only come together to determine any point of doctrine or discipline. The first of this sort, which we read of, in England, was that of Herudford, or Hertford, in 673; and the last was held by cardinal Pole in 1-555. (See COUNCIL).

3. Provincial, where those only of one province meet, now called the convocation (q.v.).

4. Diocesan, where those of but one diocese meet to enforce canons made by general councils or national and provincial synods, and to consult and agree upon rules of discipline for themselves. These were not wholly laid aside till, by the act of submission (25 Hen. VIII, art. 19), it was made unlawful for any synod to meet but by royal authority. (See SYNODS).

Synod is also used to signify a Presbyterian Church court, composed of ministers and elders from the different presbyteries within its bounds, and is only subordinate to the General Assembly (q.v.).

Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Synod'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. https://www.studylight.org/​encyclopedias/​eng/​tce/​s/synod.html. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.
adsFree icon
Ads FreeProfile