the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #2790 - חָרֵשׁ
1) to cut in, plough, engrave, devise
1a1) to cut in, engrave
1a2) to plough
1a3) to devise
1b) (Niphal) to be ploughed
1c) (Hiphil) to plot evil
2) to be silent, be dumb, be speechless, be deaf
2a1) to be silent
2a2) to be deaf
2b1) to be silent, keep quiet
2b2) to make silent
2b3) to be deaf, show deafness
2c) (Hithpael) to remain silent
V) srh (ההרסה HhRSh) - I. Plow:To scratch a line in the soil. II. Devise:To scratch out a plan. III. Silent:[Unknown connection to root;] KJV (73): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael) peace, plow, devise, silence, hold, altogether, plowman, cease, conceal, deaf, graven imagine - Strongs: H2790 (חָרֵשׁ)
Nm) srh (ההרסה HhRSh) - I. Craftsman:One who engraves wood, stone or metal. II. Silent:[Unknown connection to root;] KJV (46): craftsman, artificer, secretly, carpenter, workman, engraver, artificer, smith, maker, skilful, worker, wrought, deaf - Strongs: H2791 (חֶרֶשׁ), H2795 (חֵרֵשׁ), H2796 (חָרָשׁ)
gm) srfh (ההורסה HhWRSh) - I. Craftsman:One who engraves wood, stone or metal. II. Forest:From its wood being used for carving. KJV (8): artificer, wood, forest, bough, shroud - Strongs: H2793 (חֹרֶשׁ), H2794 (חָרַשׁ)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect חָֽרְשׁוּ Psalm 129:3, חֲרַשְׁתֶּם Judges 14:18; Hosea 10:13; Imperfect יַחֲרשׁ Isaiah 28:24; Proverbs 20:4; יַחֲרוֺשׁ Hosea 10:11+ Amos 6:12 (see below); 2 masculine singular תַּחֲרשׁ Deuteronomy 22:10; Proverbs 3:29; Infinitive construct חֲרשׁ 1 Samuel 8:12; Participle חֹרֵשׁ Genesis 4:22 5t.; חוֺרֵשׁ Amos 9:13; plural חֹרְשִׁים Psalm 129:3, חֹרְשֵׁי Job 4:8 3t., feminine plural absolute חֹרְשׁוֺת Job 1:14; passive חֲרוּשָׁה Jeremiah 17:1: —
1 cut in, engrave, of worker in metals נְחשֶׁת וּבַרְזֶל׳ח Genesis 4:22 (J), נחשׁת׳ח 1 Kings 7:14; figurative עַללֿוּחַ לִבָּם׳ח Jeremiah 17:1 engraved on the tablet of their heart.
2 plough, literally, human subject (animal usually with בְּ), no object expressed 1 Kings 19:19; Deuteronomy 22:10; Isaiah 28:24, so יַחֲרוֺשׁ בבקרים Amos 6:12 (but read probably יֵחָרֵשׁ בבקר יָם, see We and others); with accusative of congnate meaning with verb חֲרִישׁוֺ׳ח 1 Samuel 8:12 plough his ploughing (= do his ploughing), Proverbs 20:4; figurative of Judah Hosea 10:11; with ethical reference רֶשַׁע׳ח Hosea 10:13 ("" קצר), אָוֶן׳ח Job 4:8 ("" זרע, קצר); עַלגַּֿבִּי חָֽרְשׁוּ חֹרְשִׁים Psalm 129:3 upon my back have ploughmen ploughed (figurative of oppression by wicked); חֹרֵשׁ = ploughman Isaiah 28:24; Amos 9:13 ("" קוֺצֵר); ׳ח with oxen subject only Job 1:14.
3 devise (as one who works in, practises), usually bad sense, object רָעָה Proverbs 3:29, רַע Proverbs 6:14; מַחְשְׁבוֺת אָוֶן Proverbs 6:18, חֹרְשֵׁירַע Proverbs 12:20; Proverbs 14:22; but also חֹרְשֵׁי טוֺב Proverbs 14:22.
Niph`al Imperfect 3 feminine singular צִיּוֺן שָׂדֶה תֵּחָרֵשׁ Micah 3:12 Zion, as a field she shall be ploughed = Jeremiah 26:18.
Hiph`il Participle מַחֲרִישׁ רָעָה עַלֿ 1 Samuel 23:9 fabricating mischief against (see Dr, and compare We).
II. [חָרֵשׁ] verb 1. be silent, dumb, speechless;
2 be deaf; chiefly poet. (Late Hebrew Pi`el make deaf; Aramaic , be dumb, deaf; Arabic be dumb, speechless, compare Assyrian —arâšu, restrain, according to Dl Proverbs 100; see Lag BN 120) —
Qal Imperfect יֶחֱרָ֑שׁ Psalm 50:3; 2 masculine singular תֶּחֱרַשׁ Psalm 28:1; Psalm 83:2; תֶּחֱרַ֑שׁ Psalm 35:22; Psalm 109:1; תֶּחֱרָ֑שׁ Psalm 39:13; 3 feminine plural תֶּחֱרַ֑שְׁנָה Micah 7:16; —
1 be silent, always of God's keeping silence when men pray Psalm 35:22; Psalm 50:3; Psalm 83:2; Psalm 109:1; followed by אֶלֿ Psalm 39:13.
2 be deaf, subject ׳י, followed by מִמֶּנִּי Psalm 28:1; subject אָזְנַיִם Micah 7:16.
Hiph`il Perfect חֶחֱרִשׁ Numbers 30:15; Genesis 34:5; יְחֶחֱרִישׁ consecutive Numbers 30:5; Numbers 30:8; וְהֶחֱרִשׁ consecutive Numbers 30:12; הֶחֱרַ֫שְׁתִּי Esther 7:4 2t. etc.; Imperfect יַחֲרִישׁ Numbers 30:15 2t. (including Zephaniah 3:17 see below); 2 masculine singular תַּחֲרִישׁ Habakkuk 1:13; jussive תַּחְרֵשׁ 1 Samuel 7:8; 2 masculine plural תַּחֲרִישׁוּן Job 13:5; תַּחֲרִשׁוּן Exodus 14:14, etc.; Imperative הַחֲרֵשׁ Judges 18:19 2t.; הַחֲרִ֫ישִׁי 2 Samuel 13:20; הַחֲרִ֫ישׁוּ Job 13:13; Isaiah 41:1; Infinitive absolute הַחֲרֵשׁ Numbers 30:15 2t.; Participle מַחֲרִישׁ Genesis 24:21 2t. (including 1 Samuel 10:27 see below); מַחֲרִישִׁים 2 Samuel 19:11; —
1 be silent (= exhibit silence)
a. almost always of men Genesis 24:21; Genesis 34:5; Exodus 14:14 (all J), Judges 18:19; 2 Samuel 13:20; 2 Samuel 19:11; 2 Kings 18:36 = Isaiah 36:21; Jeremiah 4:19; Job 6:24; Job 13:5 (twice in verse); Job 13:19; Job 33:31,33; Proverbs 11:12; Proverbs 17:28; Psalm 32:3; Nehemiah 5:8; Esther 4:14 (twice in verse); Esther 7:4; also וַיְהִי כְּמַחֲרִישׁ 1 Samuel 10:27 (but read rather ויהי כְּמֵחֹדֶשׁ and it came to pass after about a month, ᵐ5 Dr); יחרישׁ באהבתו Zephaniah 3:17 (ᵐ5ᵑ6 יְחַדֵּשׁ he will renew his love, see especially Buhl ZAW see 1885,183); ׳ח with לְ person keep silence at one, i.e. fail to make objection at proper time Numbers 30:5; Numbers 30:8; Numbers 30:12; Numbers 30:15 (3t. in verse) (all P); אלי׳הח Isaiah 41:1 pregnantly = come silently unto me; followed by מִן person cease to speak with Jeremiah 38:27; be silent about, pass by in silence, followed by accusative בַּדָּיו׳אח Job 41:4.
b. rarely of God, permitting evil in silence Habakkuk 1:13; Isaiah 42:14; Psalm 50:21.
2 once causat. make silent, with accusative Job 11:3.
3 be deaf, shew deafness: אַלֿתַּחֲרֵשׁ מִמֶּנּוּ מִזְּעֹק 1 Samuel 7:8 be not deaf (turning) from us, so as not to cry. **
Hithpa`el Imperfect 3 masculine plural וַיִּתְחָֽרְשׁוּ Judges 16:2 and they kept quiet.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.