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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4623 - σιωπάω

from siope (silence, i.e. a hush, properly, muteness, i.e. involuntary stillness, or inability to speak, and thus differing from (G4602), which is rather a voluntary refusal or indisposition to speak, although th
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  1. to be silent, hold one's peace
    1. used of one's silence because dumb
  2. metaph. of a calm, quiet sea
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1819 ‑ דָּמָה (daw‑maw');  1826 ‑ דָּמַם (daw‑mam');  2013 ‑ הַסָה (haw‑saw');  2308 ‑ חָדַל (khaw‑dal');  2790 ‑ חָרֵשׁ (khaw‑rash');  2814 ‑ חָשָׁה (khaw‑shaw');  5535 ‑ סָכַת (saw‑kath');  5956 ‑ עָלַם (aw‑lam');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (12)
Matthew 2
Mark 5
Luke 3
Acts 2
NAS (15)
Matthew 3
Mark 8
Luke 3
Acts 1
HCS (10)
Matthew 2
Mark 5
Luke 2
Acts 1
BSB (10)
Matthew 2
Mark 5
Luke 2
Acts 1
ESV (9)
Matthew 2
Mark 4
Luke 2
Acts 1
WEB (13)
Matthew 2
Mark 5
Luke 4
Acts 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


inf. σιωπᾶν Il. 2.280: fut. -ήσομαι in early writers, S. OT 233, Ar. Pax 309, Av. 225, Lys. 364, Pl. Phdr. 234a, etc.; later -ήσω Aeschin. Ep. 10.1, D.H. 11.6, Plu. 2.240e, etc. (cf. σιγάω ): aor. ( ) σιώπησα Il. 23.568, etc.: pf. σεσιώπηκα Ar. V. 944, D. 6.34: Med. and Pass., v. infr.: Dor. σωπάω (q.v.): keep silence, σιωπᾶν λαὸν ἀνώγει Il. 2.280, cf. 23.568, Od. 17.513, Hdt. 7.10, etc.; Σιμωνίδης τὴν ζωγραφίαν ποίησιν σιωπῶσαν προσαγορεύει Plu. 2.346f; φησὶν σιωπῶν his silence is an admission, E. Or. 1592, cf. IA 1245; πονηρῶν ἔργων δόξει κοινωνεῖν τῷ σιωπῆσαι D. 19.33; ς. τινί keep silence for or at the behest of . ., Ar. Ra. 1134, Lys. 530; ς. πρός τινα Pl. Phdr. 234a; πρὸς τοῦτο X. Cyr. 5.5.20; ὑπέρ τινος E. Fr. 796; imper. σιώπα hush! be still! S. Fr. 81, Ar. Lys. 529, etc.

2. of bees, to be still, opp. βομβέω, Arist. HA 627a24 .

II trans., keep secret, speak not of, τὰ δίκαια E. Fr. 1037, cf. Ar. Th. 27, X. Smp. 6.10, etc.; ς. ὅτι . . PMasp. 295.21 (v A.D.): Pass., ἂν σιωπηθῇ τὰ παρὰ τῶν πολεμίων D. Prooem. 21, cf. Isoc. 1.22, etc.; τί σιγῶσ' ὧν σιωπᾶσθαι χρεών; E. Ion 432; σιωπώμενον καὶ ἀβασάνιστον ἐᾶσαι Antipho 1.13; οὐ τὸ αἰσχρὸν σιωπηθήσεται Aeschin. 3.155; ταῦτα σιωπᾶσθαι συνέφερεν D. 19.42; ἡ σιωπωμένη ἀλήθεια D.H. 1.76 .

III Med., silence, σιωπησάμενος τὰ πλήθη Plb. 18.46.4 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σιωπάω, σιώπω; imperfect, 3 person singular ἐσιώπα, 3 person plural ἐσιώπων; future σιωπήσω (Luke 19:40 L T Tr WH); 1 aorist ἐσιώπησα; (σιωπή silence); from Homer down; to be silent, hold one's peace: properly, Matthew 20:31; Matthew 26:63; Mark 3:4; Mark 9:34; Mark 10:48; Mark 14:61; Luke 18:39 R G; ; Acts 18:9; used of one silent because dumb, Luke 1:20; 4 Macc. 10:18; likesileo in the Latin poets, used metaphorically of a calm, quiet sea ((in rhetorical command)): Mark 4:39. (Synonym: see ἡσυχάζω.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σιωπάω , -

(<σιωπή , silence),

[in LXX for H2814, H2790 hi., etc.;]

to be silent or still, keep silence: Matthew 20:31; Matthew 26:63, Mark 3:4; Mark 9:34; Mark 10:48; Mark 14:61, Luke 19:4 , Acts 18:9; of one dumb, Luke 1:20 (cf. 4 Maccabees 10:18); addressed rhetorically to the sea, σιώπα , Mark 4:39.†

SYN.: ἡσυχάζω G2270, σιγάω G4601 (q.v.).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";barren,"; of a childless woman in Luke 1:7 al. : for the form see Moulton Gr. ii. pp. 118, 157 f. Στεῖρα, i.e. * στερι ̰α, persists unchanged in MGr : see further Boisacq p. 906 f.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εσιωπα εσιώπα ἐσιώπα εσιώπησα εσιώπησαν εσιώπησας εσιώπησεν εσιωπων εσιώπων ἐσιώπων έσκαλλε σεσιωπήκαμεν Σιωπα Σιώπα σιωπατε σιωπάτε σιωπήν σιωπησάτω σιωπήσεται σιωπήσεώς σιωπηση σιωπήση σιωπήσῃ σιωπησης σιωπήσης σιωπήσῃς σιωπήσομαι σιωπήσονται σιωπησουσιν σιωπήσουσιν σιωπήσω σιωπησωσιν σιωπήσωσιν σιωπώμεν σιωπων σιωπών σιωπῶν σκαμβή esiopa esiōpa esiṓpa esiopon esiōpōn esiṓpon esiṓpōn Siopa Siōpa Siṓpa siopese siōpēsē siopḗsei siōpḗsēi siopḗseis siōpḗsēis siopeses siōpēsēs siopesosin siopḗsosin siōpēsōsin siōpḗsōsin siopesousin siopḗsousin siōpēsousin siōpḗsousin siopon siopôn siōpōn siōpō̂n
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