the Second Week of Advent
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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #02421 - חָיָה
1) to live, have life, remain alive, sustain life, live prosperously, live for ever, be quickened, be alive, be restored to life or health
1a1) to live
1a1a) to have life
1a1b) to continue in life, remain alive
1a1c) to sustain life, to live on or upon
1a1d) to live (prosperously)
1a2) to revive, be quickened
1a2a) from sickness
1a2b) from discouragement
1a2c) from faintness
1a2d) from death
1b1) to preserve alive, let live
1b2) to give life
1b3) to quicken, revive, refresh
1b3a) to restore to life
1b3b) to cause to grow
1b3c) to restore
1b3d) to revive
1c1) to preserve alive, let live
1c2) to quicken, revive
1c2a) to restore (to health)
1c2b) to revive
1c2c) to restore to life
1171) ih (ההי HhY) AC: Live CO: Stomach AB: Life: When the stomach is empty one is famished and week and when it is filled one is revived. This organ is seen as the life as an empty stomach is like death but a revived stomach is life.
Nf ) ih (ההי HhY) - Stomach: Literally the organ that holds food (see Job 38:39) but figurative of life. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (508): live, life, beast, alive, creature, running, living thing, raw, springing, appetite, quick - Strongs: H
V) eih (ההיה HhYH) - Live: The revival of life from food or other necessity. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (268): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Piel) live, alive, save, quicken, revive, life, recover - Strongs: H2418 (חֲיָא), H2421 (חָיָה)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
חָיָה283 verb live (Late Hebrew Phoenician id.; Arabic , ; Sabean חיו Mordt ZMG 1876,28; Ethiopic Aramaic , חֲיָא; Palmyrene חיי life, life-time, Vog32,74) —
Qal203 Perfect חָיָה Ecclesiastes 6:6 4t.; יְ֯חָיָה Jeremiah 21:9; Jeremiah 38:2; חַי Genesis 5:5 23t. (this and the following form are treated as עע֞, the original weakness of the stem final י admitting of either לה֞ or עע֞, Ges§ 76 (2) g); וְחֵי Leviticus 25:36 (Bö§ 1181); 3 feminine singular חָֽיְתָה Genesis 12:13; Jeremiah 38:17; וָחָ֑יָה Exodus 1:16 (for חַיָּה Bö§ 1123 (3), Samaritan חיתה); 2 masculine singular חָיִיתָ Deuteronomy 30:16, חָיִתָה Jeremiah 38:17; 3 masculine plural חָיוּ Numbers 14:38, וְחָיוּ consecutive Numbers 4:19 + Zechariah 10:9 (where read Pi`el וְחִיּוּ Sta ZAW i. 1881,22 so ᵐ5); וִחְיִיתֶם Ezekiel 37:5 2t.; Imperfect יִחְיֶה Genesis 17:18 27t.; יְחִי Deuteronomy 33:6 10t.; וִיחִי Psalm 49:10 2t.; וְיֶחִ֑י Isaiah 38:21, וַיְחִי Genesis 5:3 37t.; וַיֶּחִ֑י Deuteronomy 4:33 4t.; 3 feminine singular תִּחְיֶה Joshua 6:17, תְּחִי Genesis 19:20 5t.; 2 masculine singular תִּחְיֶה Genesis 27:40 7t.; 2 feminine singular תִּחְיִי 2 Kings 4:7; 1 singular אֶחְיֶה 2 Kings 1:2 8t.; 3 masculine plural יִחְיוּ Joshua 9:21 8t.; 3 feminine plural תִּחְיֶינָה Ezekiel 13:19; Ezekiel 37:3; 2 masculine plural תִּחְיוּ Deuteronomy 4:1 2t.; תִּחְיוּן Deuteronomy 5:30; Deuteronomy 8:1; 1 plural נִחְיֶה 2 Kings 7:4 7t.; Imperative וֶחְיֵה Genesis 20:7; Proverbs 4:4, וֶחְיֶ֯ה Proverbs 7:2; feminine singular חֲיִי Ezekiel 16:6 (twice in verse); masculine plural וִחְיוּ Genesis 42:18 7t.; Infinitive absolute חָיֹה 2 Kings 8:10 6t.; חָיוֺ Ezekiel 3:21 3t.; construct לִחְיוֺת Ezekiel 33:12, suffix חֲיוֺתָם Joshua 5:8; —
a. have life, Genesis 31:32 (E), Exodus 33:20 (J), Numbers 4:19 (P), Deuteronomy 30:16 +; also in phrase וַיְחִי and he lived (so many years) with accusative of time, Genesis 5:3-30 (16t.) Genesis 9:28; Genesis 11:11-26 (14t.) Genesis 47:28 (all P), Genesis 50:22 (E), 2 Kings 14:17 2 Chronicles 25:25; Job 42:16.
b. continue in life, remain alive Genesis 20:7 (E), Leviticus 25:36; 2 Samuel 12:22 +; also נפשׁ׳ח live, of the soul or the self Genesis 12:13; Genesis 19:20 (J), 1 Kings 20:32; Psalm 119:175; Jeremiah 38:2,17,20; Isaiah 55:3; וְחַי הַיָּ֑לֶד and the boy may live 2 Samuel 12:22; לִפְנֵי׳ח live in the presence of Genesis 17:18 (P) Hosea 6:2; ׳ב׳ח live among Lamentations 4:20.
c. sustain life, live on or upon (על), of the animal life, by the sword Genesis 27:40 (J), by bread Deuteronomy 8:3; elsewhere in pregnant sense of fulness of life in divine favour, sustained by (על) everything that issueth out of the mouth of ׳י Deuteronomy 8:3; his promises (?) Isaiah 38:16; of wicked Prayer of Manasseh , by repentance Ezekiel 33:19; with בְּ by the statutes and judgments of ׳י if a man do them, Leviticus 18:5 (H) Ezekiel 20:11,13,21,25; Nehemiah 9:29; צַדִּיק בֶּאֱמוּנָתוֺ יִחְיֶה a righteous man by his faithfulness shall live Habakkuk 2:4.
d. live (prosperously) יְחִי הַמֶּלֶך may the king live 1 Samuel 10:24; 2 Samuel 16:16 (twice in verse); 1 Kings 1:25,31,34,39; 2 Kings 11:12; 2 Chronicles 23:11; יְחִילְבַבְכֶם Psalm 22:27; Psalm 69:33; המלך לעולם יחיה Nehemiah 2:3.
2 be quickened, revive:
a. from sickness Numbers 21:8,9; Joshua 5:8 (E) 2 Kings 1:2; 2 Kings 8:8,9,10,14; 2 Kings 20:1,7 = Isaiah 38:1; Isaiah 38:9; Isaiah 38:21.
b. from discouragement of the spirit Genesis 45:27 (E).
c. from faintness Judges 15:19.
d. from death 2 Kings 13:21; Job 14:14; Isaiah 26:14,19; by return of נפשׁ 1 Kings 17:22, of רוּהַ Ezekiel 37:3,5,6,9,10,14 (and so Judges 15:19 c).
Pi`el Perfect 3 masculine singular חִיָּה Psalm 22:30; 3 feminine singular suffix חִיָּ֑תְנִי Psalm 119:50; 2 masculine singular suffix חִיִּיתַנִי Psalm 30:4; חִיִּיתָ֑נִי Paslm Psalm 119:93; 3 plural חִיּוּ Judges 21:14, הַחִיִּיתֶם Numbers 31:15; Imperfect יְחַיֶּה 1 Samuel 27:9 +, etc.; Imperative suffix חַיֵּנִי Psalm 119:25 8t., חַיֵּיהוּ Habakkuk 3:2; Infinitive construct חַיּוֺת Genesis 7:3; Ezekiel 13:19; suffix חַיֹּתֵנוּ Deuteronomy 6:24 +, etc.; Participle מְחַיֶּה Nehemiah 9:6; 1 Samuel 2:6; —
1 preserve alive, let live Exodus 1:17,18,22; Exodus 22:17; Joshua 9:15 (JE), Genesis 12:12 (J), Numbers 31:15 (P), Deuteronomy 6:24; Deuteronomy 20:16; Judges 21:14; 1 Samuel 27:9,11; 1 Kings 18:5; 2 Kings 7:4; Jeremiah 49:11; Ezekiel 3:18; Habakkuk 3:2; Job 36:6; Psalm 30:4; Psalm 33:19; Psalm 41:3; Psalm 138:7; נפשׁ׳ח preserve oneself alive Psalm 22:30; Ezekiel 18:27, or preserve persons alive Ezekiel 13:18,19, or preserve life 1 Kings 20:31; זרע׳ח preserve seed alive Genesis 7:3; Genesis 19:32,34 (J); keep in existence heaven and earth Nehemiah 9:6; nourish, young cow Isaiah 7:21, lamb 2 Samuel 12:3.
2 give life, to man when created Job 33:4.
3 quicken, revive, refresh:
a. restore to life, the dead 1 Samuel 2:6; Deuteronomy 32:39; Hosea 6:2; the dying Psalm 71:20.
b. cause to grow, grain Hosea 14:8.
c. restore, a ruined city 1 Chronicles 11:8, stones destroyed by fire Nehemiah 3:34.
d. revive, the people of ׳י by ׳י himself with fulness of life in his favour Psalm 80:19; Psalm 85:7; Psalm 119:25,37,40,50,88,93,107,149,154,156,159; Psalm 143:11; Ecclesiastes 7:12.
Hiph`il Perfect הֶחֱיָה Joshua 6:25 5t.; 2 masculine singular suffix הֶחֱיִתָנוּ Genesis 47:25; 1 singular הֶחֱיֵיתִי Numbers 22:33, הַחֲיִתֶם Joshua 2:13; Judges 8:19; Imperative suffix הַחֲיֵינִי Isaiah 38:16; הַחֲיוּ Numbers 31:18; Infinitive absolute הַחֲיֵה Joshua 9:20; construct הַחֲיוֺת Genesis 6:20 6t.; הַחֲיֹת Genesis 6:19; Genesis 50:20; suffix הַחֲיֹתוֺ Ezekiel 13:22; —
1 preserve alive, let live Genesis 45:7; Genesis 50:20 (E), Genesis 47:25; Numbers 22:33; Joshua 2:13; Joshua 6:25 (all J), Joshua 14:10 (D); Genesis 6:19,20; Numbers 31:18; Joshua 9:20 (P), Judges 8:19; 2 Samuel 8:2; Ezekiel 13:22; with נפשׁ Genesis 19:19 (J).
2 quicken, revive:
a. restore to health, a leper 2 Kings 5:7, Hezekiah Isaiah 38:16.
b. revive the לֵב and רוּחַ Isaiah 57:15 (twice in verse).
c. restore to life, the dead 2 Kings 8:1,5 (3t. in verse).
חָיָה inf. absol, חָיֹה Ezekiel 18:9, and חָיוֹ 3:21 18:28 constr. with suff. חֲיוֹתָם Joshua 5:8 with prefix לִחְיוֹת Ezekiel 33:12 imp. with prefix וֶחְיֵה Genesis 20:7 pl. וִחְיוּ 42:18 fut. יִחְיֶה apoc. יְהִי, וַיְחִי.
(1) to live, a word of very frequent use. Arabic حَىَّ, which form is also found in Hebrew, see חָיַי. Eth. ሐይወ፡ Syr. ܚܝܐܳ id. The original idea of this word is that of breathing; inasmuch as the life of animate beings is discerned by their breathing (compare נֶפֶשׁ); and the more ancient form of this root is הָוָה, which see. The same original idea is found in the Greek ζάω, ζώω, cognate to which is ἄω, ἄημι, to breathe; which, in Æschylus, is applied to the winds as breathing or blowing. Those who are curious in languages may inquire whether the Sanscrit dschîv, to live; Greek βίοω; and Latin vivo; belong to the same stock.
(a) with acc. of time, Genesis 5:3, ‘and Adam lived a hundred and thirty years;’ Genesis 11:11, etc.
(b) with בְּ of place, Lamentations 4:20 also of that from which one lives, 2 Kings 4:7 and of that by which one lives and prospers, Habakkuk 2:4.”]
Followed by עַל, to live upon any thing, compare עַל No. 1, a, letter γ. Often i.q. to live well, to be prosperous, to flourish, Deuteronomy 8:1, 30:16 Nehemiah 9:29 [Qu. as to the use of this latter-cited passage]. יְחִי הַמֶּלֶךְ “may the king live,” may he prosper, 1 Samuel 10:24; 2 Samuel 16:16. יְחִי לְבַבְכֶם “let your heart live,” i.e. let it flourish, or be glad, Psalms 22:27, 69:33.
(2) to continue safe and sound, Joshua 6:17; Numbers 14:38 especially in the phrase חָֽיְתָה נַפְשִׁי “my soul liveth,” I remain alive, Genesis 12:13, 19:20 Isaiah 55:3; Jeremiah 38:17, 20 Jeremiah 38:20.
(3) to live again, to revive, Ezekiel 37:5, seq.; 1 Kings 17:22 hence
(4) to recover health, to be healed, Genesis 20:7; Joshua 5:8 followed by מִן from a disease, 2 Kings 1:2, 8:8 and to be refreshed (spoken of one wearied, or sad), Genesis 45:27; Judges 15:19.
(1) to cause to live, to make alive, to give life to some one, Job 33:4. A woman, when she conceives by a man, is said to vivify his seed, Genesis 19:32, 34 Genesis 19:34 similarly, Hosea 14:8, יְחַיּוּ דָגָן “they shall vivify the corn” in the desert land, by again cultivating the fields and scattering the seed. Metaph. Habakkuk 3:2, “O Jehovah, vivify thy work,” i.e. accomplish it. Also, to cause to be well, or to flourish, Psalms 119:37.
(2) to keep alive, compare Kal No. 2; Genesis 12:12; Exodus 1:17; Psalms 41:3, 138:7 Job 36:6 חִיָּה נֶפֶשׁ פ׳ id. 1 Kings 20:31; Psalms 22:30 חִיָּה זֶרַע to preserve seed, Genesis 7:3 חִיָּה בָקָר to feed oxen, Isaiah 7:21.
(3) to call back to life, to restore life, 1 Samuel 2:6; Psalms 30:4; Deuteronomy 32:39 hence, to refresh, Psalms 71:20, 85:7 and figuratively, to repair (a city), 1 Chronicles 11:8. Neh. 3:34, הַיְחַיּוּ אֶת־הָאֲבָנִים “will they call the stones to life?” So Syr. ܢܰܚܶܡ to raise up ruins.
(1) i.q. Piel No. 2, to keep alive, Genesis 6:19, 20 with the addition of נֶפֶשׁ Genesis 19:19 to deliver from destruction of life, i.e. to save from death, Genesis 47:25, 50:20 followed by לְ Genesis 45:7 also, to suffer to live, to grant life, Joshua 6:25, 14:10 2 Samuel 8:2.
(2) i.q. Piel No. 3, to restore to life, 2 Kings 5:7, 8:1, 2 Kings 8:5. Hence מִחְיָה [and the pr.n. יְחִיאֵל, חִיאֵל, יְחִיָּה].