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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #980 - βιόω

from (G979)
Parts of Speech
  1. to spend life, live
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2421 ‑ חָיָה (khaw‑yaw');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (2)
1 Peter
NAS (1)
1 Peter
HCS (1)
1 Peter
BSB (1)
1 Peter
ESV (1)
1 Peter
WEB (2)
1 Peter
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

βῐόω, βιοῖ

Arist. HA 558a20; βιοῦσι Democr. 200, Arist. HA 576b2; βιοῦν E. Fr. 238, etc.; part. βιοῦντες Arist. HA 566b24; subj. βιῶσι Emp. 15.2: impf. ἐβίουν Hp. Epid. 5.48: fut. βιώσομαι E. Alc. 784, Ar. Eq. 699, Pl. R. 344e, Men. Pk. 399; later βιώσω Id. Mon. 270, App. BC 4.119: aor. 1 ἐβίωσα Hdt. 1.163, Pl. Phd. 113d, X. Oec. 4.18, Arist. HA 585a21; but in earlier writers aor. 2 is more used, ὀβίων Isoc. 9.71, Isaiah 3:1 codd.; 3 sg. imper. βιώτω Il. 8.429; subj. βιῶ Pl. Lg. 872c; opt. βιῴην Id. Ti. 89c, v.l. for βιοίη in Id. Grg. 512c; inf. βιῶναι Il. 10.174, Aeschin. 3.174, etc.; part. βιούς Hdt. 9.10, Th. 2.53, al.: pf. βεβίωκα Isoc. 15.27 and 28, Pl. Phd. 113d, etc.: Med., βιόομαι Hdt. 2.177, Arist. EN 1180a17: for aor. Med. v. βιώσκομαι: — Pass., fut. βιωθήσομαι M.Ant. 9.30: pf. βεβίωμαι (v. infr.). In early writers pres. and impf. are mostly supplied by ζάω: Hom. has only aor. 2:

1. live, pass one's life (opp. ζάω, live, exist), βέλτερον ἢ ἀπολέσθαι ἕνα χρόνον ἠὲ βιῶναι Il. 15.511, cf. 10.174; ἄλλος μὲν ἀποφθίσθω, ἄλλος δὲ βιώτω 8.429; βίον βιοῦν Pl. La. 188a, etc.; β. παρανόμως, μετρίως, ἐνδόξως, D. 22.24, Lys. 16.3, Plu. 2.145f: with neut. Pron., ἀπ' αὐτῶν ὧ αὐτὸς βεβίωκεν ἄρξομαι.. from the very actions of his own life, D. 18.130: Pass., τὰ σοὶ κἀμοὶ βεβιωμένα the actions of our life, ib.265, cf. Isoc. 15.7, Lys. 16.1; τὰ πεπραγμένα καὶ βεβ. D. 22.53; τοιούτων ὄντων ἃ τῷ βδελυρῷ τούτῳ.. βεβίωται Id. 21.151; ἐπιτηδευμάτων οἷα τούτῳ βεβίωται Id. 22.78; ὅ γε βεβιωμένος [βίος ] Id. 19.200; impers., βεβίωταί [μοι ] I have lived, Lat. vixi, Cic. Att. 12.2.2, 14.21.3: Med. in act. sense, Hdt. 2.177, Arist. EN 1180a17.

2. survive, ἐβίω καυθείς Hp. Epid. 5.16. — βιόμεσθα (as if from βίομαι) is found h.Ap. 528 and 3 pl. βίονται Orac. ap. Phleg. Mir. 2, cf. βέομαι.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

βιόω , -

(< βίος ),

[in LXX: Proverbs 7:2; Proverbs 9:6 (H2421), Job 29:18, Wisdom of Solomon 4:4 א 1, 1223, Sirach 40:28, 4 Maccabees 5:22; 4 Maccabees 17:18 *;]

to spend life, to live: τ . χρόνον βιῶσαι (cl., more freq. 2 aor., -ναι ), 1 Peter 4:2 (cf. Jb, l.c.).†

SYN.: ζάω G2198 (q.v.).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Lips I. 119 versoii. 6 (A.D. 274) περὶ τὸ ὀρθῶς καὶ ἀ [ζ ]η ̣λοπραγμόνως τῶν ὑπαρξάντων ἀγαθῶν ἐμφορουμένους βιοῦν , P Flor I. 57.3 (A.D. 223–5) (a rescript of Pertinax) τοῖς ἑ [β ]δ ̣ο ̣μ ̣η ̣κ ̣ο ̣ντα ἔτη βεβιω ̣κόσι γέρας ἀλ ̣ιτ ̣ο ̣υρ ̣γησίας [is granted as an old age pension] (cf. the contemporary P Flor III. 382.55 f.), Syll 856.16 (ii/B.C.—a manumission ";sale"; to Apollo, in dialect) εἰ γε [ν ]εὰν ποιήσαιτο Δαμαρχὶς Θευδώρας βιούσας , during the lifetime of Th. (her mistress). The aor. is abundant in epitaphs, as Preisigke 776 (A.D. 259) Ἱερακίαινα . . . βιώσασα ἔτη η ̄ καὶ μην (ῶν ) τριῶν , 1190 (Christian) Ταήσαι ἐβίωσεν εἴκουσι ὀκτώ , γ (ίνονται ) (ἔτη ) κ ̄η ̄. So in the ";letter of Hadrian,"; P Fay 19.12 τεσσαρά ]κοντα βιώσας ἔτη . For this 1st aor. in -σα see Thackeray Gr. i. p. 233 f. An interesting example of this verb is afforded by Musonius (ed. Hense) p. 89.16 f. ὥστε καὶ τὸν ἄνθρωπον εἰκὸς οὐχ ὅταν ἐν ἡδονῇ βιοῖ , τότε κατὰ φύσιν βιοῦν , ἀλλ᾽ ὅταν ἐν ἀρετῇ .



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
βιρά βιωσαι βιώσαι βιῶσαι βιώσεις βιώσητε βιώσω biosai biôsai biōsai biō̂sai
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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