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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2222 - ζωή
- the state of one who is possessed of vitality or is animate
- every living soul
- of the absolute fulness of life, both essential and ethical, which belongs to God, and through him both to the hypostatic "logos" and to Christ in whom the "logos" put on human nature
- life real and genuine, a life active and vigorous, devoted to God, blessed, in the portion even in this world of those who put their trust in Christ, but after the resurrection to be consummated by new accessions (among them a more perfect body), and to last for ever.
(ζωιή (prob. an error) SIG 577.34 (Milet., iii/ii B.C.)), Dor. ζωά: Ion. and poet. ζόη, Hdt. 1.32, Herod. 10.4, S. Fr. 556, etc. (v. infr.), cf. IG 9(1).86 (Hyampolis), Dor. ζόα: Aeol. ζοΐα Theoc. 29.5: ἡ: —
1. living, i.e. one's substance, property, ἦ γάρ οἱ ζ. γ' ἦν ἄσπετος Od. 14.96; τοὶ δὲ ζωὴν ἐδάσαντο ib. 208; κατὰ ζωὴν φαγέειν 16.429; τὴν ζόην ποιέεσθαι or καταστήσασθαι ἀπὸ or ἐκ.. to get one's living by.., Hdt. 8.105, cf. 2.36, Arist. HA 608b21; ἐξ ἁλός Theoc. Beren. 2.
2. after Hom., life, existence, opp. death, Tyrt. 15.5, Pi. N. 8.36, etc.; θανάτου πέρι καὶ ζωᾶς ib. 9.29; οὐδὲν γὰρ ἄλγος οἷον ἡ πολλὴ ζόη S. Fr. 556; ζόας (ζωᾶς codd.) βιοτά E. HF 664 (lyr.); τοῦ βίου ζωή Pl. Ti. 44c; ὁ τῆς ζ. χρόνος SIG 1210 (Calymna), etc.: as a term of affection, ζωή mylife ! Juv. 6.195: pl., ζόαι A. Fr. 99.13; ζωαί LXX Psalms 63:3-4(62).3(4); μετὰ τὴν μίαν ζ. πολλαὶ ζ. Dam. Pr. 100; αἱ τῆς ψυχῆς ζ. καὶ δυνάμεις Iamb. Comm.Math. 3.
3. way of life, ζόην ἔζωον τὴν αὐτήν Hdt. 4.112, cf. 114.
II ζωή,= γραῦς 11, the scum on milk, Eust. 906.52; ζόη· τὸ ἐπάνω τοῦ μέλιτος, Hsch. [The form ζόη (paroxyt.) is required by the metre in trimeters in S. Fr. 556, E. Hec. 1108, and in lyrics S. Fr. 592, E. Med. 976, al., ζωή never: ζόη in other Poets, Call. Fr. 114, Theoc. 18.9, Herod. 10.4.] (For the root, cf. ζῶ: fancifully connected with ζέω and ζητέω, Dam. Pr. 81: in signf. 11 ζόη prob. fr. ζέω.)
ζωή , -ῆς , ἡ
life (in Hom., Hdt., = βίος , q.v.; later, existence, vita qua vivimus, as distinct from βίος , vita quam vivimus; opp. to θάνατος );
1. of natural life: Luke 16:26, Acts 8:33, 1 Corinthians 15:19, 1 Timothy 4:8, Hebrews 7:3, James 4:14; πνεῦμα ζωῆς , Revelation 11:11; ψυχὴ ζωῆς (Genesis 1:30), Revelation 16:3; of the life of one risen from the dead, Romans 5:10, Hebrews 7:16.
2. Of the life of the kingdom of God, the present life of grace and the life of glory which is to follow (Dalman, Words, 156 n'.; Westc., Epp. J0., 214 ff.; Cremer, 272 ff.): John 6:51; John 6:53 Romans 7:10; Romans 8:6; Romans 8:10 Philippians 2:16, Colossians 3:4, 2 Peter 1:3; αἰώνιος (reff. supr.; DCG, i, 538a, ii, 30 f.), John 4:36; John 12:50; John 17:3, 1 John 1:2, al.; τ . φῶς τῆς ζ ., John 8:12; ὁ Λόγος τ . ζ ., 1 John 1:1; ὁ ἄρτος τ . ζ ., John 6:35; John 6:48; δικαίωσις ζωῆς , Romans 5:18; μετάνοια εἰς ζ ., Acts 11:18; ἐν αὐτῷ ζ . ἦν , John 1:4; ζ . ἡ ἐν . Χ . Ἰ ., 2 Timothy 1:1; τὰ πρὸς ζωήν , 2 Peter 1:3, al.; στέφανος τῆς ζ ., James 1:12, Revelation 2:10; χάρις ζωῆς (gen. expl.), 1 Peter 3:7; ζ . καὶ εἰρήνη , Romans 8:6; ζ . καἰ ἀφθαροέα , 2 Timothy 1:10; ἀνάστασις ζωῆς , John 5:29; βίβλος ζωῆς , Philippians 4:3, Revelation 3:6; ξύλον ζωῆς , Revelation 2:7; ὕδωρ ζωῆς , Revelation 22:17; meton., of that which has life: τ . πνεῦμα , Romans 8:10; ῥήματα , John 6:63; of one who gives life, John 11:25; John 14:6, 1 John 1:2; ἡ ἐντολή , John 12:50.
SYN.: see βίος G979.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
P Lond 177.11 (A.D. 40–1) (= II. p. 168) ἐπὶ τὸν τῆς ζωῆς αὐτῆς χρόνον, and so often, P Oxy VII. 1070.9 (iii/A.D.) τὸν μέγαν θεὸν Σαρᾶπιν παρακαλῶ περί τε τῆς ζωῆς ὑμῶν καὶ τῶν ἡμῶν πάν [τ ]ων, P Leid Wxvii. 16 (ii/iii A.D.) ὁ ἐνφυσήσας πνεῦμα ἀνθρώποις εἰς ζωήν. For OGIS 266.29 (iii/B.C.) ἕως ζωῆς καὶ θανά [του = ἐν ζωῇ ἕως θανάτου see Dittenberger’s note ad loc. We may also refer to the touching inscr. cited s.v. γλυκύς sub fin. In contrast to the classical usage in which βίος is the ethical term (see further s.v. βίος), the ";nobler"; connotation is attached in Biblical Greek to ζωή, which is generally used as equivalent to ";the very highest blessedness"; : see Trench Syn. p. 86 ff., and cf. Hort Hulsean Lectures, pp. 98 ff., 189 ff., for an important discussion on the Biblical doctrine of Life. In ZNTW xii. p. 228 ff. Burkitt treats the relation of ζωή to hayy+m. The noun survives in MGr.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
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