Click to donate today!
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2417 - חַי
1) alive, living, life
1171) ih (ההי HhY) AC: Live CO: Stomach AB: Life: When the stomach is empty one is famished and week and when it is filled one is revived. This organ is seen as the life as an empty stomach is like death but a revived stomach is life.
Nf ) ih (ההי HhY) - Stomach: Literally the organ that holds food (see Job 38:39) but figurative of life. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (508): live, life, beast, alive, creature, running, living thing, raw, springing, appetite, quick - Strongs: H
V) eih (ההיה HhYH) - Live: The revival of life from food or other necessity. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (268): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Piel) live, alive, save, quicken, revive, life, recover - Strongs: H2418 (חֲיָא), H2421 (חָיָה)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
חַי constr. חֵי fem. חַיָּה, pl. חַיִּים fem. חַיּוֹת (from the root חָיַי).
(1) alive, living, Genesis 43:7, חַי הֲעוֹד אֲבִיכֶם “is your father yet alive?” verses 27 Genesis 43:27, 28 Genesis 43:28, 45:3, 26 Genesis 45:26, 46:30. כָּל חַי “every living thing;” Genesis 3:20, 8:21. חֵי הָעוֹלָם “he who lives for ever,” i.e. God, Daniel 12:7. This is an accustomed formula in swearing, חַי יְהֹוָה “Jehovah (is) living,” i.e. as God liveth; Ruth 3:13; 1 Samuel 14:45. חַי אֱלֹהִים 2 Samuel 2:27 poet. חַי אֵל Job 27:2, and חַי אָנִי “as I live,” when Jehovah himself swears, Numbers 14:21, 28 Numbers 14:28; Deuteronomy 32:40; Jeremiah 22:24; Ezekiel 5:11, 14:16, 18 Ezekiel 14:18, 20 Ezekiel 14:20, etc.; also used of the oath of a king, Jeremiah 46:18, [but this King is יְהֹוָה צְבָאוֹת שְׁמוֹ]. חַיִּים “those who are alive,” i.e. men. Ecclesiastes 6:8, אֶרֶץ חַיִּים “the land of the living,” as opposed to the place or state of the dead (Hades), Ezekiel 26:20, 32:23.
(2) lively, vigorous, 2 Samuel 23:20, according to כתיב: (אִישׁ חַיִל קרי). Compare חָיֶה. Also, flourishing, prosperous [“according to some”], 1 Samuel 25:6.
(3) reviving; hence metaph. כָּעֵת חַיָּה Genesis 18:10, 14 Genesis 18:14; 2 Kings 4:16, 17 2 Kings 4:17 at the reviving of the season, i.e. the year, in the next spring, when the winter is past, περιπλομένου ἐνιαυτοῦ (Od. xi. 247).
(4) raw, used of flesh, 1 Samuel 2:15; Leviticus 13:14, seq.
(5) fresh, as of a plant in its greenness, Psalms 58:10 as of running water, opposed to that which is stagnant and putrescent, which is caned in Arabic اما امبت dead water. Genesis 26:19; Leviticus 14:5, 50 Leviticus 14:50.
(B) subst. life, Leviticus 25:36. [ 1 Samuel 25:6, “and say ye thus, לֶחָי֑ to life (i.e. to welfare), hail!” to be regarded as a form of salutation, and not as being here the adj. See Thes.] So in the formula of swearing, [“when by created things”]. חֵי פַרְעֹה by the life of Pharaoh, Genesis 42:15, 16 Genesis 42:16חֵי נַפְשְׁךָ by thy life, 1 Samuel 1:26, 17:55. The name of Jehovah is in the same sentence preceded by חַי (see letter A, 1); whence חַי יְהֹוָה וְחֵי נַפְשְׁךָ 1 Samuel 20:3, 25:26. It is much more usual to use in this sense the
Pl. חַיִּים, once חַיִּין Job 24:22, life, Genesis 2:7, 3:14 17:7, 15 Genesis 17:15, etc. רוּחַ חַ֤יִּים the breath of life, Genesis 6:17 עֵץ הַחַיִּים the tree of life, i.e. of life of long duration, θεοεικελοῦ or immortality, Genesis 2:9 compare 3:22, 24. Hence
(a) living, sustenance, βίος, Proverbs 27:27.
(b) refreshment, Proverbs 3:22, 4:22.
(c) prosperity, welfare (comp. Syr. ܚܰܪ̈ܐܶ Luke 19:9, for the Greek σωτηρία), happiness, Psalms 34:13; Proverbs 4:22, 23 12:28 13:14 14:27. אֹרַה חַיִּים the way of welfare, Proverbs 2:19, 5:6.
חַי Ch. emph. st. חַיָּא, pl. חַיִּין.
(1) adj. alive, living, Daniel 2:30, 4:14, 31 6:21, 27.
(2) Pl. חַיִּין as a subst. life, Ezra 6:10; Daniel 7:12.
the Second Week of Advent