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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #6381 - פָּלָא
1) to be marvellous, be wonderful, be surpassing, be extraordinary, separate by distinguishing action
1a1) to be beyond one’s power, be difficult to do
1a2) to be difficult to understand
1a3) to be wonderful, be extraordinary
1a3a) marvellous (participle)
1b) (Piel) to separate (an offering)
1c1) to do extraordinary or hard or difficult thing
1c2) to make wonderful, do wondrously
1d) (Hithpael) to show oneself wonderful or marvellous
1380) lp (פל PL) AC: Plead CO: ? AB: Judgment: The pictograph p is a picture of mouth, the l is a picture of a shepherd staff representing authority. Combined these mean "speak to authority". A coming to one in authority to intercede on ones own behalf or for another.
V) alp (פלא PLA) - Perform: To do a great action out of a judgment. KJV (71): (vf: Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Piel, Participle) work, wonder, marvelous, wonderful, thing, hard, wondrous, perform - Strongs: H6381 (פָּלָא)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Niph`al Perfect 3 feminine singular נִפְלָאת Psalm 118:23 (Ges§ 44 f); נִפְלְאַ֫תָה 2 Samuel 1:26 (Kö i. 610f., 614Ges§ 75oo); 3 plural נִפְלְאוּ Proverbs 30:18; Imperfect יִמָּלֵא Deuteronomy 17:8 6t.; Participle masculine plural נִפְלָאִים Psalm 139:14; feminine singular נִפְלֵאת Deuteronomy 30:11; plural נִפְלָאוֺת Joshua 3:5 +; suffix נִפְלְאֹתַי Exodus 3:20, etc.; —
1 be beyond one's power, difficult to do, לעשׂות 2 Samuel 13:2; ׳בְּעֵינֵי פ Zechariah 8:6 (twice in verse); with מן person too difficult for Deuteronomy 30:11, for ׳י Genesis 18:14 (J) Jeremiah 32:17,27.
2 be difficult to understand; with מן person too difficult for Psalm 131:1; Proverbs 30:18; Job 42:3, to decide Deuteronomy 17:8. Especially
3. a. be extraordinary, wonderful, 2 Samuel 1:26; Psalm 119:18; of God's Acts , בְּעֵנֵינוּ׳נ Psalm 118:23, compare Psalm 139:14.
2 Participle as substantive marvellous things Job 37:14 (acts of God), Daniel 11:36 (presumptuous words); as adverb wondrously Job 37:5; Daniel 8:24.
4 נִפְלָאוֺת = wonderful acts of ׳י in judgment and redemption, Exodus 3:20 (J) Judges 6:13; Jeremiah 21:2; 1 Chronicles 16:9,24; Psalm 9:2; Psalm 26:7 15t. Psalm; also ׳עשׂה נ Exodus 34:10; Joshua 3:5 (J) Job 5:9 = Job 9:10, + 9t. Chronicles, Psalm; ׳הראה נ Micah 7:15; Psalm 78:11.
Pi`el Infinitive construct לְפַלֵּא נֶדֶר make a special votive offering, Leviticus 22:21; Numbers 15:3,8 (P).
Hiph`il Hiph`il Perfect 3 masculine singular הִפְלִיא Psalm 31:22; 2 Chronicles 26:15; הִפְלִא Isaiah 28:29; וְהִפְלָא consecutive Deuteronomy 28:59 (Ges§ 75oo); Imperfect יַפְלִא Leviticus 27:2; Numbers 6:2; Infinitive absolute הַפְלֵא Isaiah 29:14; 2 Chronicles 2:8; construct הַפְלִיא Isaiah 29:14; Joel 2:26; Participle מַפְלִא Judges 13:19; —
1 do a hard or difficult thing: (לִנְדֹּר) נֶדֶר׳הפ make a hard vow Leviticus 27:2; Numbers 6:2 (compare Pi`el).
2 make wonderful, do wondrously: of God, מַכּוֺת׳הפ make plagues wonderful (exceptional), Deuteronomy 28:59; עֵצָה׳הפ Isaiah 28:29 make counsel wondrous, Isaiah 29:14 do wonderfully with people, + הַפְלֵא וָפֶלֶא; ׳עשׂה עמכם לה Joel 2:26 dealt with you doing wondrously; חַסְדּוֺ לִי׳הפ Psalm 31:22; לְהֵעָזֵר׳הפ 2 Chronicles 26:15 did marvelously in receiving help; of the temple גָּדוֺל וְהַפְלֵא 2 Chronicles 2:8 (KöSynt. § 318 e).
3 of God, מַפְלִא לעשׂות Judges 13:19 working wonders in doing.
Hithpa`el Imperfect תִּתְמַּלָּא בִי Job 10:16 thou dost shew thyself marvellous (act inexplicably) against me.
פָּלָא not used in Kal.
(1) pr. to separate, to distinguish, i.q. פָּלָה, see Piel and Niphal, No. 1. (The primary and biliteral stock is pal, which, as well as par, has the signification of separating. Ch. פְּלֵי to cleave, to cut up. Pael, to sever, to separate, to remove. Syr. ܦܠܳ to search out. Arab. فَلاَ to deprive of milk. Compare the kindred roots, פָּלַח, פָּלַג, פָּלַד Sanscr. phal, to separate.)
(2) to make singular, distinguished; see Niph. Hiph. No. 2, and pr.n. פְּלָאיָה.
(1) to be distinguished; hence to be great, extraordinary; used of remarkable love, 2 Samuel 1:26. Daniel 11:36, יְדַבֶּר נִפְלָאוֹת “he will speak great things,” i.e. impious words, most atrocious blasphemy against God (compare גָּדוֹל No. 2).
(2) to be arduous, to be difficult to be done. Followed by בְּעֵינֵי (in the eyes of any one) 2 Samuel 13:2; Zechariah 8:6 followed by מִן to be too hard, Genesis 18:14; Deuteronomy 30:11. Also to be hard to be understood, Proverbs 30:18; Job 42:3 hard to judge, Deuteronomy 17:8. Hence
(3) to be wonderful, Psalms 118:23, 139:14. Pl. f. as a substantive נִפְלָאוֹת things done wonderfully, miracles of God, both in creating and sustaining the world, Psalms 9:2, 26:7 40:6 and in affording aid to his people, Exodus 34:10; Joshua 3:5. It also takes adjectives, as, נִפְלָאוֹת גְּדוֹלוֹת Psalms 136:4. Adv. נִפְלָאוֹת wonderfully, Job 37:5. Daniel 8:24.
Piel, to separate (ἀφορίζειν), to consecrate, only in the phrase פַּלֵּא נֶדֶר לַיְהֹוָה to pay a vow to Jehovah, Leviticus 22:21; Numbers 15:3, Numbers 15:8.
Hiphil הִפְלִיא, twice הִפְלָא in the manner of verbs לה֞ Deuteronomy 28:59; Isaiah 28:29.
(1) i.q. Piel, to consecrate something vowed, Leviticus 27:2. Somewhat different, Numbers 6:2, כִּי יַפְלִיא לִנְדֹר נֶדֶר “if he consecrate (any thing) to vow a vow.”
(2) to make distinguished, extraordinary, e.g. grace, Psalms 31:22; Deuteronomy 28:59. Inf. הַפְלֵא adv. in a distinguished manner, 2 Chronicles 2:8.
(3) to make wonderful, e.g. counsel, Isaiah 28:29 followed by אֵת to act wonderfully with any one in a bad sense, Isaiah 29:14. הִפְלִיא לַעֲשׂוֹת to act wonderfully, Judges 13:19. Inf. לְהַפְלִיא adv. wonderfully, Joel 2:26.
Hithpael, to shew oneself distinguished (strong), to exert one’s strength; followed by בְּ in oppressing any one Job 10:16.
Derivatives, פֶּלֶא, פִּלְאִי, פָּלִיא, מִפְלָאָה and the pr.n. פַּלּוּא, פָּלִיא, פְּלָאיָה, פְּלָיָה.