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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #101 - ἀδυνατέω

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G102)
Parts of Speech
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  1. impossible
    1. not to have strength, power, or ability, to be weak
    2. can not be done, to be impossible
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 597 ‑ אָנַס (aw‑nas');  1219 ‑ בָּצַר (baw‑tsar');  3766 ‑ כָּרַע (kaw‑rah');  3782 ‑ כָּשַׁל (kaw‑shal');  4191 ‑ מוּת (mooth);  6381 ‑ פָּלָא (paw‑law');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
NAS (2)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
HCS (2)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
BSB (2)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
ESV (1)
Matthew 1
WEB (2)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


I of persons, to be ἀδύνατος, lack strength, Epich. 266, Arist. Somn.Vig. 454a27: c. inf., to be unable to do, Hp. de Arte 7, Pl. R. 366d, X. Mem. 1.2.23, Arist. EN 1165b22, Pol. 1287b17, etc.

II of things, to be impossible, LXX Job 10:13, Phld. Ir. p.98 W., Matthew 17:20, Luke 1:37, Ps.-Callisth. 3.26.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀδυνατέω, (ῶ: future ἀδυνατήσω; (ἀδύνατος);

a. not to have strength, to be weak; always so of persons in classic Greek

b. a thing ἀδυνατεῖ, cannot be done, is impossible; so only in the Sept. and N. T.: οὐκ ἀδυνατήσει παρά τῷ Θεῷ (τοῦ Θεοῦ L marginal reading T Tr WH) πᾶν ῤῆμα, Luke 1:37 (the Sept. Genesis 18:14) (others retain the active sense here: from God no word shall be without power, see παρά, I.

b. cf. Field, Otium Norv. pars iii. at the passage); οὐδέν ἀδυνατήσει ὑμῖν, Matthew 17:20 (Job 42:2).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἁδυνατέω , -

(<ἁδύνατος ),

[in LXX: Deuteronomy 17:8, Zechariah 8:6 (H6381 ni.), Job 42:2 ni.), al.;]

1. to be unable (cl., Philo; Papyri, v. MM, VGT, s.v.).

2. In LXX and NT (Kennedy, Sources, 124; Hatch, Essays, 4; Field, Notes, 46f.), to be impossible: Matthew 17:20, Luke 1:37.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Applied to persons this verb retains its classic sense, ";to be incapable,"; in late Greek : cf. P Par 35.36 (B.C. 163), διὰ τὸ ἐμὲ ἐν κατοχεῖ ὄντα ἀδυνατεῖν, ib. 63.13 f. (B.C. 165) ὅπως μήτεν τῶν ἀδυνατούντων γεωργεῖν περισπᾶται μηθείς, and .89 f. τοὺς ἀδυνατοῦντας ἀναγκάζειν ἐπιδέχεσθαι τὰ τῆς γεωργίας. The neuter sense, ";to be impossible,"; when applied to things, appears in the LXX, which seems to tell in favour of the AV rendering in Luke 1:37, as against the RV : see Hatch Essays p. 4, Field Notes p. 46 f., where the true reading παρὰ τοῦ θεοῦ (RV) is rendered ";for from God no word (or, nothing) shall be impossible.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αδυνατεί αδυνατησει αδυνατήσει ἀδυνατήσει αδυνατήση αδυνατήσουσιν αδυνατούσι adunatesei adunatēsei adynatesei adynatēsei adynatḗsei
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