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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #3766 - כָּרַע
1) to bend, kneel, bow, bow down, sink down to one’s knees, kneel down to rest (of animals), kneel in reverence
1a1) to bow
1a2) to bow down, crouch
1a3) to bow down over
1a4) to tilt, lean
1b) (Hiphil) to cause to bow
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect 3miles ׳כ Genesis 49:6 6t.; 3 masculine plural כָּֽרְעוּ Judges 7:6 4t.; Imperfect יִכְרַע Judges 7:5 3t.; 1 singular וָאֶכְרְעָה Ezra 9:5; 3 masculine plural יִכְרְעוּן Job 31:10; 2 masculine plural תִּכְרָ֑עוּ Isaiah 65:12; 1 plural וְנִכְרָ֑עָה Psalm 95:6 6t. Imperfect; Infinitive construct כְּרֹעַ 1 Kings 8:54; participle כֹּרֵעַ Esther 3:5; plural כֹּרְעִים Esther 3:2; feminine כֹּרְעוֺת Job 4:4. —
1 bow על ברכים to drink Judges 7:5,6, in supplication to Elijah 2 Kings 1:13; in the worship of God 1 Kings 8:34; Ezra 9:5; with ברכים subject and ל of God 1 Kings 19:18; Isaiah 45:23; without ברכים with לִפְנֵי Psalm 22:30; Psalm 72:9; "" השׁתחוה 2 Chronicles 7:3; 29:29; Psalm 95:6, worship of God, but Esther 3:2 (twice in verse); Esther 3:5 in obeisance to Haman.
2 bow down, of the couching lion Genesis 49:9; Numbers 24:9 (both poetry).
3 pregnant with על, bow down over (in order to lie with) a woman Job 31:10.
4 bow down, of a woman in childbirth 1 Samuel 4:19, so of animals Job 39:3; idols, removed by enemies Isaiah 46:1,2; בִּרְכַּיִם כֹּרְעוֺת Job 4:4 tottering (feeble) knees; of enemies in death, נפל[ו]כרע bow and fall down Judges 5:27 (3t. in verse); Psalm 20:9 pregnant without נפל 2 Kings 9:24; Isaiah 65:12, with תַּחַת Isaiah 10:4. —
Hiph`il Perfect 3 masculine singular הִכְרִיעַ Psalm 78:31; 2 feminine singular suffix הִכְרַעְתִּנִי Judges 11:35; Imperfect 2 masculine singular תַּכְרִיעַ 2 Samuel 22:40 = Psalm 18:40; Imperative suffix הַכְרִיעֵהוּ Psalm 17:13; Infinitive absolute הַכְרֵעַ Judges 11:35. —
1 cause to bow in grief Judges 11:35 (twice in verse).
2 cause to bow down in death Psalm 17:13; Psalm 78:31, with תַּחַת 2 Samuel 22:40 = Psalm 18:40.
כָּרַע to bend, to bow, used intrans. of the knee, fich beugen (vom Knie). (A kindred root is כָּנַע, which see. [“Samar. to lie down.”] Just as from כנע is κνήμη leg, so from כרע is כָּרָע crus, leg. In Arabic there are only traces found of the original signification; as to drink stooping, prop. to bow oneself to drink. With the letters transposed, ركع to be bowed down through age, or while at prayer.) Hence Isaiah 45:23, תִּכְרַע כָּל־בֶּרֶךְ “every knee shall bow.” Hence used of a man, כָּרַע עַל בִּרְכַּיִם to bow upon one’s knees, Judges 7:5, Judges 7:6; 1 Kings 8:54; 2 Kings 1:13; Ezra 9:5.-To bend one’s knees, or to fall upon one’s knees, is also used of those
(a) who do reverence to a king, or worship God, in which sense it is joined with הִשְׁתַּחֲוָה, Psalms 95:6. Followed by לְ of pers. Esther 3:2, Isaiah 45:23 לִפְנֵי Psalms 22:30, 72:9.
(b) those who sink down for want of strength, when it is commonly followed by נָפַל. Job 4:4, בִּרְכַּיִם כֹּרְעוֹת “falling (failing, or bowing) knees.” Psal. 20:9, כָּֽרְעוּ וְנָֽפְלוּ “they are bowed down and fall.” 2 Kings 9:24, “he sank down in his chariot.” Isaiah 10:4, 46:1, Isaiah 46:2, 65:12 Judges 5:27.
(c) those who are about to lie down on the ground, Genesis 49:9, כָּרַע רָבַץ “he stooped, and lay down.” Numbers 24:9.
(d) used of parturient women (from the custom still existing in Ethiopia, where women bring forth kneeling, see Ludolfi Hist. Ethiop. i. 15), 1 Samuel 4:19 also used of a hind, Job 39:3.-Rarely used of those who bow down with the whole person (comp. Arab.). 2 Chronicles 7:3, וַיִּבְרְעוּ אַפַּיִם אַרְצָה “and they bowed themselves with their faces to the ground.” Hence כָּרַע עַל אִשָּׁה compressit feminam, Job 31:10 compare incurvare, Martial. xi. 44; inclinare, Juvenal. ix. 26; x. 224.
(1) to cause to bow down, to prostrate, enemies, Psalms 17:13, 18:40 78:31.
(2) to depress, i.e. to afflict, any one, Judges 11:35. Hence