the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #2480 - ἰσχύω
- to be strong
- to be strong in body, to be robust, to be in sound health
- to have power
- to have power as shown by extraordinary deeds
- to exert, wield power, to have strength to overcome
- to be a force, avail
- to be serviceable
- to be able, can
- to have power as shown by extraordinary deeds
(ἰσχύς), Batr. 279: impf. ἴσχυον Ar. V. 357, X. HG 6.4.18: fut. ἰσχύσω Ar. Av. 1607, etc.: aor. ἴσχῡσα S. Aj. 502, etc.: pf. ἴσχῡκα Aeschin. 1.165, Cerc. 17.34: — Pass., aor. κατ-ισχύθην D.S. 15.87: (ἰσχύς): —
1. to be strong in body, S. Tr. 234; ὅπως ὑγιαίνοιεν καὶ ἰσχύοιεν X. Cyr. 6.1.24; ὃς μέγιστον ἴσχυσε στρατοῦ S. Aj. 502; ἰ. τοῖς σώμασιν X. Mem. 2.7.7; τοῦ σώματος ἰσχύοντος Antipho 5.93; ἴσχυόν τ' αὐτὸς ἐμαυτοῦ, i.e. I had all my strength, Ar. V. 357; ἰ. ἐκ νόσου to be recovering, X. HG 6.4.18.
2. to be powerful, prevail, μηδὲν μεῖον ἰ. Διός A. Pr. 510, etc.; πλέον, μεῖζον ἰ., E. Hec. 1188, Ar. Av. 1607; later ἰ. πρός τινα prevail against, LXX Psalms 13:4(12).4; ἐπί τινας ib. 1 Maccabees 10:49; ἰ. τινί to be strong in a thing, σοφία ἀνὴρ ὑπὲρ ἀνδρὸς ἰσχύει Pi. Fr. 61; θράσει E. Or. 903; ἐν τῇ ποιητικῇ Phld. Po. 5.9; ἰ. τινὶ πρὸς τοὺς πολεμίους Th. 3.46; ἰ. ἐκ πονηρίας D. 2.9; ὅθεν ἰσχύομεν, ᾗπερ ἰσχύουσι, Th. 1.143, 2.13; ἰ. παρά τινι have power or influence with one, Id. 8.47, Aeschin. 2.2, D. 38.20, etc. of things, prevail, ὅρκος οὔτι Ζηνὸς ἰ. πλέον A. Eu. 621; τἀληθὲς γὰρ ἰσχῦον τρέφω S. OT 356; τὸ δίκαιον ἐν πᾶσιν ἰ. D. 37.59; have force, ἃ ὡρίσω σὺ δίκαια, ταὐτὰ.. καὶ κατὰ σοῦ προσήκει τοῖς ἄλλοις ἰσχύειν D. 19.241, cf. 25.71; ὁ λόγος δόξειεν ἂν ἰσχύειν Arist. Pol. 1280a28; νομὴ ἄδικος οὐδὲν ἰ. is of no force, PTeb. 286.7 (ii A.D.); ἰσχῦόν τι something permanent, prob. in Epicur. Ephesians 1 p.7U.: c. inf., ὁ καιρὸς ἰσχύει.. πράττειν D. 17.9, cf. LXX 2 Chronicles 2:6(5), al., Plu. Pomp. 58; οὐκ ἰ. ἀρτιστομεῖν Str. 14.2.28, cf. Mark 5:4, D.Chr. 33.22, etc.
3. to be worth or equivalent to, ἡ μνᾶ ἰσχύει λίτρας δύο καὶ ἥμισυ J. AJ 14.7.1, cf. PGnom. 106, Ptol. Tetr. 134; αἱ ψῆφοι τάλαντον ἰσχύουσιν (prob. for ἴσχουσιν) Plb. 5.26.13.
4. Act., condense, νεφέλας LXX Si. 43.15. ἄρτον πᾶσαν ἡδονὴν ἰσχύοντα making strong.., ib. Wi. 16.20 (in se habentem, Vulg.).
5. -ύοντες ἀστέρες those in dominating positions, Serapion in Cat.Cod.Astr. 8(4).226. [ ῡ in Batr. l.c., Trag. and Com., S. Aj. 1409, OT 356, Ar. V. 357, Av. 488, 1606; later, ῠ sts. in pres. and impf., AP 5.166 (Ascl), 211 (Mel.).]
ἰσχύω; imperfect ἴσχυον; future ἰσχύσω; 1 aorist ἴσχυσα; (ἰσχύς); the Sept. for חָזַק, אָמֵץ, עָצַם, etc.; to be strong, i. e.:
1. to be strong in body, to be robust, to be in sound health: οἱ ἰσχύοντες, as a substantive, Matthew 9:12; Mark 2:17 (Sophocles Tr. 234; Xenophon, Cyril 6, 1, 24; joined with ὑγιαίνειν, id. mem. 2, 7, 7).
2. to have power (from Aeschylus down), i. e.
a. to have a power evinced in extraordinary deeds, i. e. to exert, wield, power: so of the gospel, Acts 19:20; Hebraistically, to have strength to overcome: οὐκ ἴσχυσαν (A. V. prevailed not i. e.) succumbed, were conquered (so יָכֹל לֹא, Genesis 32:26 (25)), Revelation 12:8; κατά τίνος, against one, i. e. to use one's strength against one, to treat him with violence, Acts 19:16.
b. equivalent to to be of force, avail (German gelten): Hebrews 9:17; τί, Galatians 5:6, and Rec. in Galatians 6:15.
c. to be serviceable: εἰς τί (A. V. good for), Matthew 5:13.
d. followed by an infinitive to be able, can: Matthew 8:28; Matthew 26:40; Mark 5:4; (Mark 9:18 (infinitive to be supplied)); Mark 14:37; Luke 6:48; Luke 8:43; (
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(< ἰσχύς ),
[in LXX for H2388, H1368, H6105, etc.;]
1. to be strong in body: Matthew 9:12, Mark 2:17.
2. to be powerful, have power, prevail: Acts 19:20, Revelation 12:8; seq. κατά , c. gen. pers., Acts 19:16; c. inf., to be able (MM, Exp., xv): Matthew 8:28; Matthew 26:40, Mark 5:4; Mark 9:18 (inf. understood) Mark 14:37, Luke 6:48; Luke 8:43; Luke 13:24; Luke 14:6; Luke 14:29-30; Luke 16:3; Luke 20:26, John 21:6, Acts 6:10; Acts 15:10; Acts 25:7; Acts 27:16; c. acc, Philippians 4:13, James 5:16; of things, to avail, be serviceable (MM, Exp., l.c.): Matthew 5:13, Galatians 5:6, Hebrews 9:17 (cf. ἐν -, ἐξ -, ἐπ -, κατ -ισχύω ).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The special sense in Galatians 5:6, Hebrews 9:17, occurs in P Tebt II. 286.7 (A.D. 121–138) νομὴ ἄδικος [οὐ ]δὲν εἰσχύει, ";unjust possession is invalid"; : cf. the use of the verb with reference to money like the Lat. valeo, Cagnat IV. 915a.12 ἡ Ῥοδία δραχμὴ τούτου τοῦ δηναρίον ἰσχύει ἐν Κιβύρᾳ ἀσσάρια δέκα. For the meaning ";have power"; cf. P Petr II. 18(1).12 (B.C. 246) διὰ τὸ μ [ὴ ]? ἰσχύειν αὐτόν με κωλύειν ";because I was not strong enough to hinder him,";and P Oxy I. 67.14 (A.D. 338) πάντα μέν, ὡς ἔπος ἐστὶν εἰπεῖν, ὅσα εἰσχύειν τι δύν [α ]τ [αι ] παρὰ τὴν τῶν νόμων [ἰσχὺ ]ν πρὸς ὀλίγον εἰσχύει, ";everything, it may be said, that is able to withstand the power of the law withstands but for a short time"; (Edd.). The ordinary sense ";to be able"; without the connotation of strength, may be seen early in P Eleph 17.23 (B.C. 223) διὰ τὸ μὴ εἰσχύειν αὐτοὺς καταβαλεῖν τὰς λοιπὰς ἀναφοράς, ";because they were not able to pay the remaining imposts"; : cf. P Oxy X. 1345 (ii/iii A.D.) ου ̣̓κ ἴσχυσα ἐλθεῖν σήμερον, P Leid W viii. 31 (ii/iii A.D.) βίβλον ἣν οὐδεὶς ἴσχυσε μεθερμηνεῦσας (l.—σαι), P Ry1 II. 237.8 (mid. iii/A.D.) ἵνα κἀγὼ εἰς [ . . . . ἐκεῖνον ] εἰσχύσ ̣ω συνπερ ̣ινεχθῆναι (l. συμπεριενεχθῆναι) εὐχρόμως, ";that I may be able to keep up appearances in my relations with him"; (Edd.). The expressive compd. ὑπερισχύω, which is fairly frequent in the LXX, may be illustrated from P Ryl II. 119.30 (A.D. 54–67) ἐν οὐδενὶ ἡγήσατο καθὸ ὑπερισχύων ἡμᾶς ἐπὶ τῶν τόπων, ";he scorned (petitions and reports) in virtue of his superior local power"; (Edd.).
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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