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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #5329 - נָצַח
1) to excel, be bright, be preeminent, be perpetual, be overseer, be enduring
1a) (Niphal) enduring (participle)
1b) (Piel) to act as overseer or superintendent or director or chief
V) hyn (נתסהה NTsHh) - Continue: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (66): (vf: Niphal, Piel, Participle) musician, set, overseer, excel, oversee, perpetual, singer, prefer - Strongs: H5329 (נָצַח), H5330 (נְצַח)
Nm) hyn (נתסהה NTsHh) - I. Continually: II. Blood:From its continual flowing. KJV (45): ever, never, perpetual, always, end, victory, strength, alway, constantly, evermore, blood - Strongs: H5331 (נֶצַח), H5332 (נֵצַח)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Niph`al Participle active feminine נִצַּ֫חַת Jeremiah 8:5 enduring (מְשֻׁבָה apostasy).
Piel = act as overseer, superintendent, director, only Chronicles and Psalm -titles; — Infinitive לְנַצֵּחַ 1 Chronicles 15:21 4t.; participle לַמְנַצֵּחַ Habakkuk 3:19; Psalm 4:1 54t. Psalm; plural מְנַצְּחִים 2 Chronicles 2:1; 2 Chronicles 2:17; 2 Chronicles 34:13; —
1 in building temple 2 Chronicles 2:1; 2 Chronicles 2:17; Ezra 3:8,9, compare 2 Chronicles 34:12,13.
2 in ministry of house of ׳י 1 Chronicles 23:4.
3 in liturgical service of Song of Solomon , עלהֿשׁמינית, over the bass voices, leading them with כִּנֹּרוֺת 1 Chronicles 15:21; לַמְנַצֵּחַ in titles Psalm has probably simile meaning, = musical director or choirmaster; Greek Vrss. of 2nd cent. A.D., Aq Theod Sym, and so Jerome, think of Aramaic victorious, but no clear explanation; ᵐ5 εἰς τὸ τέλος (probably לַמִּנְצָח) follows ordinary meaning of noun נֵצַח, which may be explained in eschatological sense as referring to end of age of world after Euseb Theod; or for full rendering after De; neither satisfactory. Chronicles, near in date, gives the clue which is intrinsically probably: לְ indicates, not assignment (nothing special in these Psalm to suggest it, and assignment of Psalm for such use a matter of course), but that these Psalm were taken by final editor from an older major Psalter known as the Director's Collection, compare the still earlier collections known as (ל)דוד, (ל)אסף, (ל)בני קרח. The 55 Psalm with למנצח were taken 39 from Davidic, 9 from Korahite, and 5 from Asaphic Psalters; only 2anonymous. Habakkuk 3originally belonged to Director's Psalter. This and other Director's Psalm have musical directions in titles. The Director's Psalter was probably the prayer-book of synagogue of Greek period, presupposed by our Habakkuk , the collection of the twelve Minor Prophets, the prophetic canon, and Daniel (see Br Gen. Intr. 123).
[נְצַח] verb Hithpa. distinguish oneself (see Biblical Hebrew I. נצח); — Participle מִתְנַצַּח Daniel 6:4, עַל person
נָצַח not used in Kal, prop. i.q. Syr. ܢܨܰܚ to shine, to be bright (kindred root נָצַץ); metaph. to be famous, also to conquer; ܢܰܨܘܽܚܳܐ a sonorous (pr. clear) voice. Eth. ነጽሐ፡ to be pure, chaste; ንጺሕ፡ pure, chaste; Arabic نصح to be sincere, faithful.
Piel נִצֵּחַ (prop. to be eminent, conspicuous)
(1) to be over, to superintend, as the service of the temple, workmen; followed by עַל and לְ 1 Chronicles 23:4; Ezra 3:8, Ezra 3:9. Part. מְנַצֵּחַ prefect, overseer, 2 Chronicles 2:1, 17 2 Chronicles 2:17, 34:13.
(2) specially, to lead in music. 1 Chronicles 15:21, “and Mattathiah … played on harps in the octave (i.e. a low tone, the bass, nel basso), לְנַצֵּחַ, so as to lead the song;” i.e. to direct, regulate the singing (Opp. are verse 19 1 Chronicles 15:19לְהַשְׁמִיעַ Luth. helle zu fingen, and verse 20 1 Chronicles 15:20, עַל־ְעַלָמּוֹת “with the virgin voice,” nel soprano). Hence לַמְנַצֵּחַ which occurs in the titles of 53 Psalms, and in Habakkuk 3:19. Many, following Kimchi, Rashi, Aben Ezra, render this, to the precentor, i.e. this song is to be sung or played under his direction; and this is also the sense of the Targum לְשַׁבָּחָה ad canendum. This opinion is preferable to others which have been advanced. It is sometimes put absolutely, only with the addition of the name of the author of the Psalm, as לַמְנַצֵּחַ לְדָוִד Psa 11:1-7 13 14 -1821 ; 31 36 40 41 42 44 47 49 51 52 -6466 ; 68 70 85 109 139 140 : sometimes the name of an instrument is added (בִּנְגִינוֹת Psa 4:1-8 54 55 67 76 : עַל הַגִּתִּית 81 84 : עַל שׁוֹשַׁנַּים Psa 45:1-17 69 80 : עַל נְחִילוֹת Psa 5:1-12: עַל מַחֲלַת Psa 53:1-6); or the beginning of a song, to the tune of which, the Psalm is to be sung (see Psa 22:1-31 -5659 ; 75 ); or else a word denoting a higher or lower key, עַל עֲלָמוֹת Psa 46:1-11: עַל הַשְּׁמִינִית Psa 12:1-8. (Twice there follows עַל יְדוּתוּן Psalms 62:1, 77:1 once לִידוּתוּן 39:1, where it is, “to the chief musician of the Jeduthunites,” unless יְדוּתוּן in this phrase is also to be taken as a musical instrument, or tune.) It is not to be overlooked that this description is almost entirely wanting to the Psalms composed in a later age after the destruction of the temple, and worship. [It would be difficult to mark more than a very few Psalms which belong to such a period.] The opinion is wholly to be rejected, of those who would take מְנַצֵּחַ not as the part. but as the infinitive in the Syriac form (compare Chald. Daniel 5:12); this is prevented by the article included in the form לַמְנַצֵּחַ (for לְהַמְּנַצֵּחַ)
Niphal, to be perfect, complete. [“to be perpetual.”] Jerem. 8:5, מְשֻׁבָה נִצַּחַת “complete [perpetual] backsliding;” see נֵצַח No. 5.
II. נָצַח an unused root, Arab نصح and نضخ to scatter, to sprinkle. Eth. ነዝሐ፡ id. Whence נֵצַח No. II.