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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #5810 - עָזַז
1) to be strong
1a) (Qal) to be strong, prevail
1b) (Hiphil) to make firm, strengthen
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Imperfect 3 masculine singular יָעֹז Psalm 9:20; Psalm 52:9, יָעוֺז Daniel 11:12; 3 feminine singular תָּעֹז Psalm 89:14; Ecclesiastes 7:19, וַתָּ֫עָז Judges 3:10; Judges 6:2; Imperative masculine singular עוּזָּה Psalm 68:29 (but see below); Infinitive construct עֲזוֺז Proverbs 8:28; — be strong, prevail, וַתָּ֫עָז יָדוֺ עַלֿ Judges 3:10 and his hand prevailed against, so Judges 6:2; אַלתָּֿעֹז אֱנוֺשׁ Psalm 9:20; Daniel 11:12; absolute תָּעֹז יָָֽדְךָ Psalm 89:14 (of ׳י); of apparently strength of wicked Psalm 52:9; בַּעֲזוֺז עִינוֺת תְּהוֺם Proverbs 8:28 when the fountains of the deep grew strong, i.e. firm, fixed; but Oort Bi Toy read בְּעַזְּזוֺ when he made firm, fixed fast ("" בְּאַמְּצוֺ); עוּוָּה אֱלֹהִים Psalm 68:29 Che Bae and others shew thyself strong, O God, who, etc., compare Kö i. 363; < ׳עוֺז הָא the might, O God, which, etc., Hup Du; הַחָכְמָה תָּעֹז לֶחָכָם Ecclesiastes 7:19 wisdom is strong for the wise. — לָעוֺז Isaiah 30:2 see עוּז.
Hiph`il Perfect 3 masculine singular חֵעֵז אִישׁ רָשָׁע בְּפָנָיו Proverbs 21:29 a wicked man maketh firm ( sheweth boldness) with his face; Song of Solomon 3feminine singular הֵעֵ֫זָה פָנֶיהָ Proverbs 7:13 (Ges§ 67dd Kö i. 372) she maketh bold her face.
עָזַז fut. יָעֹז inf. עָזוֹז
(1) to strengthen, to make strong. (Arab. عَزَّ fut. O). Followed by לְ. to make secure. Ecclesiastes 7:19, הַחָכְמָה תָּעֹז לֶחָכָם וגו׳ “wisdom makes the wise man stronger than ten leaders,” i.e. protects him more than ten leaders could. (Compare עֹז No. 2, and מָעֹז.) See also this active signification in the name עָזַזְיָהוּ.
(2) to become strong, to be made strong. Judges 3:10, וַתָּֽעָז יָדוֹ עַל־כּוּשַׁן “and his hand became stronger than Cushan,” i.e. he conquered him; Judges 6:2. Daniel 11:12, וְלֹא יָעוֹז “and he shall not conquer.” Psalms 9:20; Proverbs 8:28, בַּעֲזוֹז עֵינוֹת תְּהוֹם “when the fountains of the sea were strong,” i.e. flowed forth violently; compare מַיִּם עַזִּים Nehemiah 9:11; Isaiah 43:16. (Syr. ܥܰܙ Ethpa. to boil forth).
(3) to be strong, robust, powerful, Psalms 89:14 to show oneself such, 68:29 52:9.
Hiphil הֵעֵז followed by פָּנִים to strengthen one’s countenance, i.e. to put on a shameless look, Proverbs 7:13 followed by בְּ 21:29. Compare עַז No. 2, עֹז No. 2.
The derived nouns are, עַז, עֹז, עִזּוּז, עֱזוּז, מָעֹז, עֻזָּא, עַזָּה, and those which immediately follow עָזָז-עזְמָוֶת.