the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #03335 - יָצַר
1) to form, fashion, frame
1a) (Qal) to form, fashion
1a1) of human activity
1a2) of divine activity
1a2a) of creation
1a2a1) of original creation
1a2a2) of individuals at conception
1a2a3) of Israel as a people
1a2b) to frame, pre-ordain, plan (figuratively of divine) purpose of a situation)
1b) (Niphal) to be formed, be created
1c) (Pual) to be predetermined, be pre-ordained
1d) (Hophal) to be formed
1411) ry (תסר TsR) AC: Press CO: Enemy AB: Trouble: A pressing in or on someone or something. (eng: sore; store)
A) ry (תסר TsR) AC: Press CO: Enemy AB: Trouble
Nm ) ry (תסר TsR) - I. Enemy:One who closes in with pressure. II. Strait:A narrow tight place or situation. KJV (105): enemy, adversary, trouble, distress, affliction, foe, narrow, strait, flint, sorrow - Strongs: H6862 (צָר)
Nf1) ery (תסרה TsRH) - Trouble: KJV (73): trouble, distress, affliction, adversity, anguish, tribulation, adversary - Strongs: H6869 (צָרָה)
fm) iry (תסרי TsRY) - Balm: A salve rubbed and pressed into the skin. KJV (6): balm - Strongs: H6875 (צֳרִי)
km) rym (מתסר MTsR) - Strait: A narrow tight place or situation. KJV (3): pains, distress, strait - Strongs: H4712 (מֵצַר)
B) rry (תסרר TsRR) AC: Press CO: Bundle AB: ?: A pressing in or on someone or something.
V) rry (תסרר TsRR) - Press: KJV (58): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Pual, Participle) enemy, distress, bind, vex, afflict, besiege, adversary, strait, trouble, bound, pangs - Strongs: H6887 (צָרַר)
cm) rfry (תסרור TsRWR) - I. Bundle:Something that is bound up tight. II. Pebble:[Unknown connection to root] KJV (11): bundle, bag, bind, grain, stone - Strongs: H6872 (צְרֹר)
C) rya (אתסר ATsR) AC: Press CO: Belt AB: ?: Something that is stored by being wrapped up tightly. A belt or waistcloth that is wrapped around the middle tightly.
V) rya (אתסר ATsR) - I. Belt:To wrap around tightly. [df: rza]II. Store:To store up something in a safe place as if bound up. KJV (21): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Piel) gird, bind, compass, store, treasure - Strongs: H247 (אָזַר), H686 (אָצַר)
cm) rfya (אתסור ATsWR) - Waistband: As bound around the middle. [df: rwza] KJV (14): girdle - Strongs: H232 (אֵזוֹר)
gm ) ryfa (אותסר AWTsR) - Storehouse: A place where store are bound up. KJV (79): treasure, treasury, storehouse, cellar, armoury - Strongs: H214 (אוֹצָר)
D) ray (תסאר TsAR) AC: ? CO: Neck AB: ?
gm ) rafy (תסואר TsWAR) - Neck: From the soreness of the neck from carrying a load or from stress. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (45): neck - Strongs: H6676 (צַוַּאר), H6677 (צַוָּארָה)
G) rey (תסהר TsHR) AC: Shine CO: Oil AB: ?: The olives are pressed to extract the glimmering oil.
V) rey (תסהר TsHR) - Oil: KJV (1): (vf: Hiphil) oil - Strongs: H6671 (צָהַר)
gf) refy (תסוהר TsWHR) - Shining: Something that shines bright. Also noon as the brightest part of the day. From the glistening of olive oil. [df: rhz] KJV (26): brightness, noon, noonday, day, midday, window - Strongs: H2096 (זֹהַר), H6672 (צָהֳרַיִם)
tm ) reyi (יתסהר YTsHR) - Oil: KJV (23): oil, anointed - Strongs: H3323 (יִצְהָר)
H) ery (תסרה TsRH) AC: Crush CO: ? AB: ?
om ) erfy (תסורה TsWRH) - Crushed: [df: hrwz] KJV (1): crushed - Strongs: H2116 (זוּרֶה)
J) rfy (תסור TsWR) AC: Press CO: Flint AB: ?
V) rfy (תסור TsWR) - Press: [df: rwz] KJV (41): (vf: Paal) besiege, siege, distress, bind, adversary, assault, bag, beset, cast, fashion, fortify, inclose, bind, crush, closed, thrust - Strongs: H2115 (זוּר), H6696 (צוּר)
Nm ) rfy (תסור TsWR) - Flint: A very hard rock that when fractured forms a razor sharp edge. Used for knives, spears or arrowheads. KJV (80): rock, strength, sharp, god, beauty, edge, stone, mighty, strong, stone, flint - Strongs: H6697 (צֻר), H6864 (צֹר)
Nf1) erfy (תסורה TsWRH) - Form: In the sense of being pressed. KJV (4): form - Strongs: H6699 (צוּרָה)
am) rfym (מתסור MTsWR) - I. Wound:What is bound up with dressings. [df: rwzm rzm]II. Besiege:A pressing into a city for conquering it. KJV (28): wound, bound - Strongs: H4205 (מָזֹר), H4692 (מָצוּר)
kf1) erfym (מתסורה MTsWRH) - Rampart: A defensible stronghold to repel an army that presses in. KJV (8): fenced, stronghold, fort, munition - Strongs: H4694 (מְצֻרָה)
L) ryi (יתסר YTsR) AC: Press CO: ? AB: ?: Being pressed in a narrow tight place. The pressing of clay to form something.
V) ryi (יתסר YTsR) - Press: To pressed or squeeze out of shape or into a shape as when pressing clay into a shape. KJV (71): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hophal, Pual) distressed, straitened, straits, vex, narrow, form, potter, fashion, maker, frame, make, former, earthen, purpose - Strongs: H3334 (יָצַר), H3335 (יָצַר)
Nm) ryi (יתסר YTsR) - Thought: The forming of thought in the mind. KJV (9): imagination, frame, mind, work - Strongs: H3336 (יֵצֶר)
dm) rfyi (יתסור YTsWR) - Form: Something that is formed. KJV (1): members - Strongs: H3338 (יְצֻרִים)
M) riy (תסיר TsYR) AC: Press CO: ? AB: Pain
V) riy (תסיר TsYR) - Press: KJV (1): (vf: Hitpael) ambassador - Strongs: H6737 (צִיר)
Nm) riy (תסיר TsYR) - I. Pain:A pressing pain. II. Idol:As pressed out of clay. III. Hinge:As pressed. The weight of the door rested on the hinge. IV. Messenger:KJV (14): ambassador, messenger, pain, pang, sorrow, idol, hinge - Strongs: H6735 (צִיר), H6736 (צִיר)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect ׳י Isaiah 44:10; יָצָ֑ר Genesis 2:8; suffix יְצָרָהּ Isaiah 45:18; 2 masculine יָצַרְתָּ Psalm 104:26 8t. Perfect; Imperfect 3 masculine וַיִּ֫יצֶר Genesis 2:7; וַיִּ֫צֶר Genesis 2:19; suffix יִצְּרֵהוּ Isaiah 44:12; 1 singular suffix אֶצֳּו֯רְךָ Jeremiah 1:5; Participle יוֺצֵר Isaiah 41:25 20t.; יֹצֵר Isaiah 45:18 6t.; suffix יֹצְרִי Isaiah 49:5 11t. suffix; plural יוֺצְרִים Isaiah 30:14; 1 Chronicles 4:23; construct יֹצְרֵי Isaiah 44:9; —
1 of human activity:
a. of a potter who forms out of clay a vessel Isaiah 29:16; Isaiah 41:25; Jeremiah 18:4 (twice in verse); Jeremiah 18:6 (twice in verse); 1 Chronicles 4:23; Lamentations 4:2; Zechariah 11:13 (twice in verse) (these last two according to Thes SS et al. error for אוֺצָר); ׳כְּלִי (ה)י potter's vessel 2 Samuel 17:28; Psalm 2:9; Jeremiah 19:11; ׳חֹמֶר הי potter's clay Isaiah 29:16; ׳נֵבֶל י Isaiah 30:14; ׳בַּקְבֻּק י Jeremiah 19:1 ׳בית הי Jeremiah 18:2,3.
b. of a carver of wood, graven images Isaiah 44:9,10,12; Habakkuk 2:18 (twice in verse).
c. frame, devise in the mind עָמָל׳י Psalm 94:20.
2 of divine activity:
a. (as a potter) forming Adam out of עפר from אדמה Genesis 2:7,8 (J), beasts and birds, also from אדמה Genesis 2:19 (J); Israel as a people Isaiah 27:11; Isaiah 43:1,21; Isaiah 44:21; Isaiah 45:9 (twice in verse); Isaiah 45:11; Isaiah 64:7, even from the womb Isaiah 44:2,24; the servant of Yahweh from the womb Isaiah 49:5; of the formation of the individual man Isaiah 43:7; Jeremiah in the womb Jeremiah 1:5; the eye of man Psalm 94:9; the locust Amos 7:1; Leviathan Psalm 104:26; the dry land Psalm 95:5; the earth Isaiah 45:18 (twice in verse); the mountains Amos 4:13; הַכֹּל Jeremiah 10:16 = Jeremiah 51:19. Figurative perhaps lost sight of in some of the above, and quite certainly in the forming of light Isaiah 45:7, of summer and winter Psalm 74:17, the רוּחַ of man Zechariah 12:1, and the לב of men Psalm 33:15.
b. figurative for frame, pre-ordain, plan (in divine purpose), of a situation מֵרָחוֺק Isaiah 22:11; of an occurrence מִימֵי קֶדֶם Isaiah 37:26 = 2 Kings 19:25; יָצַרְתִּיאַף אֶעֱשֶׂנָּה I have planned, I will also do it 2 Kings 46:11; רעה על׳י Jeremiah 18:11; לַהֲכִינָהּ׳י devised it to establish it Jeremiah 33:2.
Niph`al Perfect לְפָנַי לֹאנֿוֺצַר אֵל Isaiah 43:10 before me a god was not formed (created).
Pu`al Perfect יָמִים יצָֻּ֑רוּ days (that) were pre-ordained (in the divine purpose) Psalm 139:16 (compare Qal, 2 b).
Hoph`al Imperfect כָּלכְּֿלִי יוּצַר עָלַיִךְ לֹא יִצְלָ֑ח Isaiah 54:17 any weapon that is formed against thee will not prosper.
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יָצַר fut. וַיִּיצֶר, וַיִּצֶר, also יִצֹּר Isaiah 44:12 (so also Isaiah 42:6, 49:8 אֶצָּרְךָ which, in my Commentary, I have with others incorrectly derived from נָצַר); see No. 2.
(1) to form, to fashion, as a potter, clay (see יוֹצֵר a potter), Genesis 2:7, 8:19 an artist, statues, Isaiah 44:9, 10 Isaiah 44:10, 12 Isaiah 44:12 arms, Isaiah 54:17. Often used of God as the Creator, Psalms 94:9, יוֹצֵר עַיִן “he who formed the eye,” Psalms 33:15, 74:17 99:5 Isaiah 45:7, 18 Isaiah 45:18, in which sense it is often joined with בָּרָא. Part. יוֹצֵר as a subst. is
(a) a potter, Psalms 94:9, 20 Psalms 94:20 whence כְּלִי יוֹצֵר a vessel of earthenware, Psalms 2:9; 2 Samuel 17:28.
(b) an artist, a maker of statues, Isaiah 44:9.
(c) creator, Isaiah 43:1, 44:2, 24 Isaiah 44:24. As to the word יוֹצֵר Zechariah 11:13, see p. 343, B. [The use made of the passage in the New Test. proves that the word here simply means the potter.]
(2) Followed by לְ to form for any thing, to destine for any thing; Isaiah 44:21, יְצַרְתִּיךָ לְעֶבֶד לִי “I have formed thee, that thou mayest be my servant;” Isaiah 42:6, אֶצָּרְךָ וְאֶתֶּנְךָ לִבְרִית עֶם “I have formed thee, and made thee the author of a covenant of the people;” Isaiah 49:5, Isaiah 49:8, 45:18 (fin.). Often used of things predestined, predetermined by God, (opp. to their event, result), Isaiah 22:11, 37:26 43:7 46:11.
(3) to form in the mind, to devise, to plan, 2 Kings 19:25 עַל against any one, Jeremiah 18:11; Psalms 94:20; Jeremiah 1:5 (קרי).
Niphal, pass. of Kal No. 1, to be formed, created, Isaiah 43:10.
Pual יֻצַּר pass. of Kal No. 3, to be predestined, Psalms 139:16.
Hophal, i.q. Niphal, Isaiah 54:17.
Derivatives, יֵצֶר, יְצֻרִים.
[In Thes. this root is not divided into two parts.]
יָצַר i.q. צוּר, but intrans. to be straitened, to be narrow, (comp. Gramm. § 76, Lehrg. § 112). Only found in fut. יֵצַר, pl. יֵצְרוּ Proverbs 4:12; Isaiah 49:19; Job 18:7. Elsewhere impers. וַיֵּצֶר לוֹ it was narrow to him (in pret. צַר לוֹ), i.e.
(a) to be in distress, Judges 2:15, 10:9 Job 20:22.
(b) to be in perplexity, Genesis 32:8 (and so in f. וַתֵּצֶר לוֹ 1 Samuel 30:6).
(c) to be grieved (er nahm es fich nahe), 2 Samuel 13:12.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.