the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #3334 - יָצַר
1) to bind, be distressed, be in distress, be cramped, be narrow, be scant, be in straits, make narrow, cause distress, beseige
1a) (Qal) to suffer distress
1411) ry (תסר TsR) AC: Press CO: Enemy AB: Trouble: A pressing in or on someone or something. (eng: sore; store)
A) ry (תסר TsR) AC: Press CO: Enemy AB: Trouble
Nm ) ry (תסר TsR) - I. Enemy:One who closes in with pressure. II. Strait:A narrow tight place or situation. KJV (105): enemy, adversary, trouble, distress, affliction, foe, narrow, strait, flint, sorrow - Strongs: H6862 (צָר)
Nf1) ery (תסרה TsRH) - Trouble: KJV (73): trouble, distress, affliction, adversity, anguish, tribulation, adversary - Strongs: H6869 (צָרָה)
fm) iry (תסרי TsRY) - Balm: A salve rubbed and pressed into the skin. KJV (6): balm - Strongs: H6875 (צֳרִי)
km) rym (מתסר MTsR) - Strait: A narrow tight place or situation. KJV (3): pains, distress, strait - Strongs: H4712 (מֵצַר)
B) rry (תסרר TsRR) AC: Press CO: Bundle AB: ?: A pressing in or on someone or something.
V) rry (תסרר TsRR) - Press: KJV (58): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Pual, Participle) enemy, distress, bind, vex, afflict, besiege, adversary, strait, trouble, bound, pangs - Strongs: H6887 (צָרַר)
cm) rfry (תסרור TsRWR) - I. Bundle:Something that is bound up tight. II. Pebble:[Unknown connection to root] KJV (11): bundle, bag, bind, grain, stone - Strongs: H6872 (צְרֹר)
C) rya (אתסר ATsR) AC: Press CO: Belt AB: ?: Something that is stored by being wrapped up tightly. A belt or waistcloth that is wrapped around the middle tightly.
V) rya (אתסר ATsR) - I. Belt:To wrap around tightly. [df: rza]II. Store:To store up something in a safe place as if bound up. KJV (21): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Piel) gird, bind, compass, store, treasure - Strongs: H247 (אָזַר), H686 (אָצַר)
cm) rfya (אתסור ATsWR) - Waistband: As bound around the middle. [df: rwza] KJV (14): girdle - Strongs: H232 (אֵזוֹר)
gm ) ryfa (אותסר AWTsR) - Storehouse: A place where store are bound up. KJV (79): treasure, treasury, storehouse, cellar, armoury - Strongs: H214 (אוֹצָר)
D) ray (תסאר TsAR) AC: ? CO: Neck AB: ?
gm ) rafy (תסואר TsWAR) - Neck: From the soreness of the neck from carrying a load or from stress. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (45): neck - Strongs: H6676 (צַוַּאר), H6677 (צַוָּארָה)
G) rey (תסהר TsHR) AC: Shine CO: Oil AB: ?: The olives are pressed to extract the glimmering oil.
V) rey (תסהר TsHR) - Oil: KJV (1): (vf: Hiphil) oil - Strongs: H6671 (צָהַר)
gf) refy (תסוהר TsWHR) - Shining: Something that shines bright. Also noon as the brightest part of the day. From the glistening of olive oil. [df: rhz] KJV (26): brightness, noon, noonday, day, midday, window - Strongs: H2096 (זֹהַר), H6672 (צָהֳרַיִם)
tm ) reyi (יתסהר YTsHR) - Oil: KJV (23): oil, anointed - Strongs: H3323 (יִצְהָר)
H) ery (תסרה TsRH) AC: Crush CO: ? AB: ?
om ) erfy (תסורה TsWRH) - Crushed: [df: hrwz] KJV (1): crushed - Strongs: H2116 (זוּרֶה)
J) rfy (תסור TsWR) AC: Press CO: Flint AB: ?
V) rfy (תסור TsWR) - Press: [df: rwz] KJV (41): (vf: Paal) besiege, siege, distress, bind, adversary, assault, bag, beset, cast, fashion, fortify, inclose, bind, crush, closed, thrust - Strongs: H2115 (זוּר), H6696 (צוּר)
Nm ) rfy (תסור TsWR) - Flint: A very hard rock that when fractured forms a razor sharp edge. Used for knives, spears or arrowheads. KJV (80): rock, strength, sharp, god, beauty, edge, stone, mighty, strong, stone, flint - Strongs: H6697 (צֻר), H6864 (צֹר)
Nf1) erfy (תסורה TsWRH) - Form: In the sense of being pressed. KJV (4): form - Strongs: H6699 (צוּרָה)
am) rfym (מתסור MTsWR) - I. Wound:What is bound up with dressings. [df: rwzm rzm]II. Besiege:A pressing into a city for conquering it. KJV (28): wound, bound - Strongs: H4205 (מָזֹר), H4692 (מָצוּר)
kf1) erfym (מתסורה MTsWRH) - Rampart: A defensible stronghold to repel an army that presses in. KJV (8): fenced, stronghold, fort, munition - Strongs: H4694 (מְצֻרָה)
L) ryi (יתסר YTsR) AC: Press CO: ? AB: ?: Being pressed in a narrow tight place. The pressing of clay to form something.
V) ryi (יתסר YTsR) - Press: To pressed or squeeze out of shape or into a shape as when pressing clay into a shape. KJV (71): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hophal, Pual) distressed, straitened, straits, vex, narrow, form, potter, fashion, maker, frame, make, former, earthen, purpose - Strongs: H3334 (יָצַר), H3335 (יָצַר)
Nm) ryi (יתסר YTsR) - Thought: The forming of thought in the mind. KJV (9): imagination, frame, mind, work - Strongs: H3336 (יֵצֶר)
dm) rfyi (יתסור YTsWR) - Form: Something that is formed. KJV (1): members - Strongs: H3338 (יְצֻרִים)
M) riy (תסיר TsYR) AC: Press CO: ? AB: Pain
V) riy (תסיר TsYR) - Press: KJV (1): (vf: Hitpael) ambassador - Strongs: H6737 (צִיר)
Nm) riy (תסיר TsYR) - I. Pain:A pressing pain. II. Idol:As pressed out of clay. III. Hinge:As pressed. The weight of the door rested on the hinge. IV. Messenger:KJV (14): ambassador, messenger, pain, pang, sorrow, idol, hinge - Strongs: H6735 (צִיר), H6736 (צִיר)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular צָרַר Hosea 4:19; Proverbs 30:4; Imperative צוֺר Isaiah 8:16; Infinitive construct צְרוֺר Proverbs 26:8 (?); Participle active צֹרֵר Job 26:8; passive צָרוּר Hosea 13:12, feminine צְרוּרָה 1 Samuel 25:29; feminine plural צְרֻרֹת Exodus 12:34; 2 Samuel 20:3; — bind or tie up, of kneading-troughs Exodus 12:34 (E); figurative of a life preserved by ׳י, נֶפֶשׁ צְרוּרָה בִּצְרוֺר הַחַיִּים 1 Samuel 25:29; of preserving prophetic teaching Isaiah 8:16; of retention of guilt Hosea 13:12; of ׳י's binding waters in (a garment of) cloud Proverbs 30:4; Job 26:8; = shut up 2 Samuel 20:3; — צָרַר רוּחַ אֹתָהּ בִּכְנָפֶיהָ Hosea 4:19 (si vera lectio) pregnantly, the wind hath wrapped her up in its wings, to carry her off; כִּצְרוֺר אֶבֶן Proverbs 26:8 like the tying up of a stone, but unintellig. in context (see Toy).
Pu`al Participle plural מְצֹרָרִים Joshua 9:4 tied up (mended by tying), of old wine-skins.
Qal Perfect 3 feminine singular צָ֫רָה Isaiah 28:20; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יֵצַר Proverbs 4:12, יֵ֫צֶר לוֺ Job 20:22, וַ֫יֵּצֶד Genesis 32:8 +, etc.; — be scant, cramped, in straits; of scanty bed-covering Isaiah 28:20 (in figurative); of land too small for (מִן) its people Isaiah 49:19 + Joshua 19:47 (for וַיֵּצֵא) Dr Expos. Jan. 1887,59 Benn, compare ᵐ5; of steps = be cramped, or impeded, Proverbs 4:12; Job 18:7 (both in figure); especially impersonal with ל person, וַיֵּצֶר לוֺ Genesis 32:8 and it was narrow for him = he was in straits, distress, so Judges 2:15; 2 Samuel 13:2; Job 20:22, also 3 feminine singular וַתֵּ֫צֶר לְ Judges 10:9; 1 Samuel 30:6 (see Dr).
Hiph`il Perfect 3 masculine singular וְהֵצַר Deuteronomy 28:52 (twice in verse) consecutive; 1 singular וַהֲצֵרֹתִי Jeremiah 10:18; Zephaniah 1:17; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יָצַרלֿוֺ 1 Kings 8:37 2 Chronicles 6:28, וַיָּ֫צַד 2 Chronicles 28:20; 3 masculine plural וַיָּצֵרוּ Nehemiah 9:27; Infinitive construct הָצֵר 2 Chronicles 28:22; 33:12; — make narrow for, press hard upon, cause distress to, with ל person, Jeremiah 10:18 (subject ׳י), Zephaniah 1:17 (subject id.); Deuteronomy 28:52 (twice in verse); 1 Kings 8:37 2 Chronicles 6:28; Nehemiah 9:27 (all subject foe), 2 Chronicles 28:20 (subject Tiglath-pileser); indefinite subject 2 Chronicles 28:22 (but read כִּי אִם לְצָרָה לוֺ, and join to 2 Chronicles 28:21, opposed to לְעֶזְרָה לוֺ, ᵐ5 Kit Buhl Lex), 2 Chronicles 33:12.
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יָצַר fut. וַיִּיצֶר, וַיִּצֶר, also יִצֹּר Isaiah 44:12 (so also Isaiah 42:6, 49:8 אֶצָּרְךָ which, in my Commentary, I have with others incorrectly derived from נָצַר); see No. 2.
(1) to form, to fashion, as a potter, clay (see יוֹצֵר a potter), Genesis 2:7, 8:19 an artist, statues, Isaiah 44:9, 10 Isaiah 44:10, 12 Isaiah 44:12 arms, Isaiah 54:17. Often used of God as the Creator, Psalms 94:9, יוֹצֵר עַיִן “he who formed the eye,” Psalms 33:15, 74:17 99:5 Isaiah 45:7, 18 Isaiah 45:18, in which sense it is often joined with בָּרָא. Part. יוֹצֵר as a subst. is
(a) a potter, Psalms 94:9, 20 Psalms 94:20 whence כְּלִי יוֹצֵר a vessel of earthenware, Psalms 2:9; 2 Samuel 17:28.
(b) an artist, a maker of statues, Isaiah 44:9.
(c) creator, Isaiah 43:1, 44:2, 24 Isaiah 44:24. As to the word יוֹצֵר Zechariah 11:13, see p. 343, B. [The use made of the passage in the New Test. proves that the word here simply means the potter.]
(2) Followed by לְ to form for any thing, to destine for any thing; Isaiah 44:21, יְצַרְתִּיךָ לְעֶבֶד לִי “I have formed thee, that thou mayest be my servant;” Isaiah 42:6, אֶצָּרְךָ וְאֶתֶּנְךָ לִבְרִית עֶם “I have formed thee, and made thee the author of a covenant of the people;” Isaiah 49:5, Isaiah 49:8, 45:18 (fin.). Often used of things predestined, predetermined by God, (opp. to their event, result), Isaiah 22:11, 37:26 43:7 46:11.
(3) to form in the mind, to devise, to plan, 2 Kings 19:25 עַל against any one, Jeremiah 18:11; Psalms 94:20; Jeremiah 1:5 (קרי).
Niphal, pass. of Kal No. 1, to be formed, created, Isaiah 43:10.
Pual יֻצַּר pass. of Kal No. 3, to be predestined, Psalms 139:16.
Hophal, i.q. Niphal, Isaiah 54:17.
Derivatives, יֵצֶר, יְצֻרִים.
[In Thes. this root is not divided into two parts.]
יָצַר i.q. צוּר, but intrans. to be straitened, to be narrow, (comp. Gramm. § 76, Lehrg. § 112). Only found in fut. יֵצַר, pl. יֵצְרוּ Proverbs 4:12; Isaiah 49:19; Job 18:7. Elsewhere impers. וַיֵּצֶר לוֹ it was narrow to him (in pret. צַר לוֹ), i.e.
(a) to be in distress, Judges 2:15, 10:9 Job 20:22.
(b) to be in perplexity, Genesis 32:8 (and so in f. וַתֵּצֶר לוֹ 1 Samuel 30:6).
(c) to be grieved (er nahm es fich nahe), 2 Samuel 13:12.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.