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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #6206 - עָרַץ

a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to tremble, dread, fear, oppress, prevail, break, be terrified, cause to tremble

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to cause to tremble, terrify

1b2) to tremble, feel dread

1b) (Niphal) to be awesome, be terrible

1c) (Hiphil)

1c1) to regard or treat with awe, regard or treat as awful

1c2) to inspire with awe, terrify

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1168 ‑ δειλιάω (di‑lee‑ah'‑o);  1578 ‑ ἐκκλίνω (ek‑klee'‑no);  2125 ‑ εὐλαβέομαι (yoo‑lab‑eh'‑om‑ahee);  2352 ‑ θραύω (throw'‑o);  3166 ‑ μεγαλαυχέω (meg‑al‑ow‑kheh'‑o);  4422 ‑ πτοέω (pto‑eh'‑o);  5015 ‑ ταράσσω (tar‑as'‑so);  5399 ‑ φοβέω (fob‑eh'‑o);  1740 ‑ ἐνδοξάζομαι (en‑dox‑ad'‑zo);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (15)
Deuteronomy 4
Joshua 1
Job 2
Psalms 2
Isaiah 6
NAS (21)
Deuteronomy 4
Joshua 1
Job 3
Psalms 3
Isaiah 10
HCS (15)
Deuteronomy 4
Joshua 1
Job 2
Psalms 2
Isaiah 6
BSB (15)
Deuteronomy 4
Joshua 1
Job 2
Psalms 2
Isaiah 6
ESV (14)
Deuteronomy 4
Joshua 1
Job 1
Psalms 2
Isaiah 6
WEB (15)
Deuteronomy 4
Joshua 1
Job 2
Psalms 2
Isaiah 6
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2581) yro (אהרתס AhRTs) AC: Fear CO: ? AB: Terror

V) yro (אהרתס AhRTs) - F (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil) |kjv: afraid, fear, dread, terribly, break, affright, oppress, prevail, terrified - Strongs: H6206 (עָרַץ)

af1 ) eyrom (מאהרתסה MAhRTsH) - Terror: KJV (1): terror - Strongs: H4637 (מַעֲרָצָה)

bm) yiro (אהריתס AhRYTs) - Terrible: KJV (20): terrible, oppressor, mighty, power, strong, violent - Strongs: H6184 (עָרִיץ)

dm) yfro (אהרותס AhRWTs) - Chasm: A fearful place. KJV (1): cliff - Strongs: H6178 (עָרוּץ)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [עָרַץ] verb cause to tremble, tremble (in terror, or awe) (compare Arabic quiver, flicker; Syriac come upon suddenly or violently, PS under the word passim; compare Egyptian ±u-ra-¼-au(t), they terrified (= ערצו) WMM As.u.Eur.76); —

Qal Imperfect 2 masculine singular תַּעֲרֹץ Deuteronomy 7:21 +; 2 feminine singular תַּעֲר֑וֺצִי Isaiah 47:12; 1 singular אֶעֱרוֺץ Job 31:34, etc.; Infinitive construct עֲרֹץ Isaiah 2:19 +; —

1 cause to tremble (i.e. strike with awe) with accusative הָאָרֶץ Isaiah 2:19,21 (subject ׳י; insert probably also Isaiah 2:10); הֶעָלֶה נִדָּף׳תַּע Job 13:25 wilt thou strike with awe the driven leaf ? absolute cause trembling = inspire awe Isaiah 47:12 (of Babylonian ), Psalm 10:18.

2 intransitive tremble, feel dread (D), Deuteronomy 1:29; Deuteronomy 7:21; Deuteronomy 20:3; Deuteronomy 31:6; Joshua 1:9; with accusative Job 31:34 because I stood in awe of the great multitude.

Niph`al Participle אֵל נַעֲרָץ Psalm 89:8 El, terrible in the company of the holy ones ("" נוֺרָא).

Hiph`il 1. regard, or treat, with awe, as awful: 2 masculine plural וְלֹא תַעֲרִ֑יצוּ Isaiah 8:12 (accusative מוֺרָאוֺ); 3 masculine plural יַעֲרִ֑יצוּ Isaiah 29:23 accusative ׳אֶתאֱֿלֹהֵי יִשׂ.

2 inspire with awe (compare Qal 2); — Participle suffix הוּא מַעֲִ˜רצְכֶם Isaiah 8:13 he shall be your awe-inspirer.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

עָרַץ fut. יַעֲרֹץ

(1)  to terrify, to cause terror or trembling. (Arab. عرص Conj. VIII. to tremble (as the skin). عَرَّاصُ a trembling spear. Gr. perhaps ἀράσσω). Isaiah 2:19, 21 Psalms 10:18; Job 13:25. Isai. 47:12, אוּלַי תַּעֲרֹצִי “perhaps thou wilt terrify,” sc. thy enemies, wilt put them in fear. Arab. عرض is to resist, which comes from the same idea. (The ancient interpreters expressed, thou mayest become more strong, wilt strengthen thyself.)

(2) intrans. to tremble, to fear, Deuteronomy 1:29 followed by מִפְּנֵי at any one, Deuteronomy 7:21, 20:3 31:6 followed by an acc. Job 31:34.

Niphal, part. נַעֲרָץ terrible, dreadful, i.q. נוֹרָא Psalms 89:8.


(1) causat. to put in fear, Isaiah 8:13.

(2) to fear, followed by an acc. Isaiah 8:12, 29:23.

Derivatives, מַעֲרָצָה, עָדוּץ, עָרִיץ.

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List of Word Forms
אֶֽעֱר֨וֹץ ׀ אערוץ יַעֲרִֽיצוּ׃ יעריצו׃ לַעֲרֹ֥ץ לערץ מַֽעֲרִֽצְכֶֽם׃ מערצכם׃ נַ֭עֲרָץ נערץ תַּֽעַרְצ֖וּ תַּעֲר֑וֹץ תַּעֲרֹ֖ץ תַּעֲרֽוֹצִי׃ תַּעַרְצ֖וּ תַֽעַרְצ֥וּן תַעֲרִֽיצוּ׃ תַעֲרֹ֖ץ תערוץ תערוצי׃ תעריצו׃ תערץ תערצו תערצון ’e‘ĕrōwṣ ’e·‘ĕ·rō·wṣ eeRotz la‘ărōṣ la·‘ă·rōṣ laaRotz ma‘ăriṣḵem ma·‘ă·riṣ·ḵem MaaRitzChem na‘ărāṣ na·‘ă·rāṣ Naarotz ṯa‘ărîṣū ta‘ărōṣ ṯa‘ărōṣ ta‘ărōwṣ ta‘ărōwṣî ta‘arṣū ṯa‘arṣūn ṯa·‘ă·rî·ṣū ta·‘ă·rō·w·ṣî ta·‘ă·rō·wṣ ta·‘ă·rōṣ ṯa·‘ă·rōṣ ta·‘ar·ṣū ṯa·‘ar·ṣūn taaRitzu taaRotz taaRotzi taarTzu taarTzun ya‘ărîṣū ya·‘ă·rî·ṣū yaaRitzu
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