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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2352 - θραύω

a root word
Parts of Speech
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  1. to break, break in pieces, shatter, smite through
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2648 ‑ חָפַז (khaw‑faz');  4127 ‑ מוּג (moog);  4272 ‑ מָחַץ (maw‑khats');  4549 ‑ מָסַס (maw‑sas');  5062 ‑ נָגַף (naw‑gaf');  5405 ‑ נָשַׁת (naw‑shath');  6087 ‑ עָצַב (aw‑tsab');  6206 ‑ עָרַץ (aw‑rats');  6555 ‑ פָּרַץ (paw‑rats');  7492 ‑ רָעַץ (raw‑ats');  7533 ‑ רָצַץ (raw‑tsats');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
Luke 1
NAS (1)
Luke 1
HCS (1)
Luke 1
BSB (1)
Luke 1
ESV (4)
Matthew 1
Mark 2
2 Corinthians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


impf. θραύεσκον Orph. L. 140: fut. -σω Ar. Av. 466: aor. 1 ἔθραυσα S. El. 745, E. HF 779 (lyr.): Pass., fut. θραυσθήσομαι Gal. 10.624: aor. ἐθραύσθην (v. infr.), (κατ-) Pl. Ti. 56e: pf. τέθραυσμαι Thphr. Sens. 11, (συν-) X. Ages. 2.14, (παρα-) Pl. Lg. 757e (v.l. -τεθραυμένον):

I break in pieces, shatter, Simon. 57, A. Pers. 196, 416, Tim. Pers. 99, etc.; θ. σάρκας E. Hipp. 1239: Pass., θραυομένης τῆς πέτρης flying into pieces, Hdt. 1.174; σίδηρον θραυσθέντα καὶ ῥαγέντα S. Ant. 476; πτερὰ θραύονται have their wings broken, Pl. Phdr. 248b.

II metaph., break down, enfeeble, μὴ θραύσαι (-σοι codd.) χρόνος ὄλβον Pi. O. 6.97, cf. E. HF 779 (lyr.); διάτορον σφραγῖδα θ. στόματος Tim. Pers. 160; ἔπος.., ὅ τι τὴν τούτων θραύσει ψυχήν Ar. Av. 466; θ. τὴν δύναμιν Plu. Alc. 23; ἐλπίδα, etc., Hdn. 3.2.2, etc.; θ. τι τῶν ἐκ χρόνου φυλασσομένων δικαίων Supp.Epigr. 1.329.45 (Istrus, i A.D.), cf. Onos. 32.10: Pass., πόθος θραυσθείς Asp. ap. Ath. 5.219e; θραυόμενος τὸν λογισμόν, Lat. animo fractus, Plu. Ant. 17; θραυσθῆναι ἐπί τινα to be grieved for.., LXX 1 Samuel 20:34. — Rare in Att. Prose.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

θραύω: perfect passive participle τεθραυσμένος; from (Herodotus), Aeschylus down, to break, break in pieces, shatter, smite through (Exodus 15:6; Numbers 24:17, etc.; 2 Macc. 15:16): τεθραύσμενοι, broken by calamity (A. V. bruised), Luke 4:18 (19) from Isaiah 58:6 for רְצוּצִים. (Synonym: see ῤήγνυμι.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

θραύω ,

[in LXX for 1,21 (Deuteronomy 28:33, Isaiah 42:4; Isaiah 58:6), etc.;]

to break in pieces, shatter; metaph., to break down: Luke 4:18 (LXX).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the perf. part. pass. of this verb, which is found in Luke 4:18 (from LXX), cf. Syll 226.188 (iii/B.C.) τ ]εθραυσμένος : in ib. 588.27 (c. B.C. 180) we have ποτήρια παντοδαπὰ τεθραυμένα. See also for the verb ib. 891.8 (ii/A.D.) ἢ αἰκίσεται ἢ θραύσει ἤ τι μέρος ἢ σύμπαν, and Kaibel 1003, an inscr. on the left leg of Memnon, referring to the breaking of the stone by Cambyses—

ἔθραυσε Καμβύσης με τόνδε τὸν λίθον.

The verb is common in Vett. Val. with reference to the ";crushing"; of the power of evil etc., e.g. p. 276.7 θραύεται δὲ τὸ φαῦλον ὑπὸ τοῦ ἀγαθοῦ παρηγορούμενον, cf. Judith 9:10, and the subst. θραῦσμα in ib. 7.9. The verbal θραυστός occurs in an epigram of early i/B.C., P Tebt I. 3.4 θαυστά (l. θραυστά) unfortunately in a broken context.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
έθραυσε έθραυσεν εθραύσθη θραύειν θραύεσθε θραύσαι θραύσει θραυσθή θραυσθήσεται τεθραυσμένος τεθραυσμενους τεθραυσμένους tethrausmenous tethrausménous
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