the Fourth Week of Lent
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #7533 - רָצַץ
1) to crush, oppress
1a1) to crush, get crushed, be crushed
1a2) to crush, oppress (figuratively)
1a3) crushed (participle passive)
1b) (Niphal) to be crushed, be broken
1c1) to crush in pieces
1c2) to grievously oppress (figuratively)
1d) (Poel) to oppress (figuratively)
1e) (Hiphil) to crush
1f) (Hithpoel) to crush each other
1455) yr (רתס RTs) AC: Crush CO: Potsherd AB: Desire: Broken pieces of pottery were commonly used as writing tablets as they were inexpensive and durable. These potsherds were commonly used to send messages from one person to another, usually carried by runners. (eng: earth; terra - with a reversal of letters; terrain)
A) yr (רתס RTs) AC: ? CO: Potsherd AB: ?: Broken fragments of a pot which were commonly used as writing surfaces for messages.
Nm) yr (רתס RTs) - Fragment: KJV (1): piece - Strongs: H7518 (רַץ)
B) yyr (רתסתס RTsTs) AC: Crush CO: ? AB: Violence
V) yyr (רתסתס RTsTs) - Crush: To crush something to pieces. Also an oppression or struggle as crushing. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: ssr] KJV (22): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) oppress, break, bruise, crush, discourage, struggle - Strongs: H7465 (רֹעָה), H7533 (רָצַץ), H7567 (רָשַׁשׁ)
kof1 ) eyyfrm (מרותסתסה MRWTsTsH) - Violence: In the sense of chattering. [df: hurm] KJV (1): violence - Strongs: H4835 (מְרוּצָה)
C) yra (ארתס ARTs) AC: ? CO: Land AB: ?: Land is divided up into fragments by tribe or nations.
Nf) yra (ארתס ARTs) - Land: The whole of the earth or a region. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: qra] KJV (2526): earth, land, country, ground, world, way, common, field, nations, inferior - Strongs: H772 (אֲרַע), H776 (אֶרֶץ), H778 (אֲרַק)
Nf1 ) eyra (ארתסה ARTsH) - Bottom: [Unknown connection to root; Aramaic only] KJV (1): bottom - Strongs: H773 (אַרְעִי)
E) ayr (רתסא RTsA) AC: Run CO: ? AB: ?: Messengers ran messages written on potsherds.
V) ayr (רתסא RTsA) - Run: KJV (1): (vf: Paal) run - Strongs: H7519 (רָצָא)
H) eyr (רתסה RTsH) AC: ? CO: Message AB: Desire: Ones will and desires are written on potsherds as messages to another.
V) eyr (רתסה RTsH) - Desire: KJV (57): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Piel) accept, please, pleasure, delight, enjoy, favourable, acceptable, accomplish, affection, approve - Strongs: H7521 (רָצָה)
jm) nfyr (רתסונ RTsWN) - Will: Ones desire. From instructions that are written on potsherds. KJV (56): favour, will, acceptable, delight, pleasure, accepted, desire, acceptance, selfwill - Strongs: H7522 (רָצֹן)
J) yfr (רותס RWTs) AC: Run CO: Course AB: ?: Messengers ran messages written on potsherds.
V) yfr (רותס RWTs) - Run: KJV (104): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) run, guard, post, speedily - Strongs: H7323 (רוּץ)
km) yfrm (מרותס MRWTs) - Course: The path of the runner. KJV (1): race - Strongs: H4793 (מֵרוֹץ)
kf1) eyfrm (מרותסה MRWTsH) - Course: The path of the runner. KJV (4): running - Strongs: H4794 (מְרֻצָה)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect 2 masculine singular suffix רַצּוֺתָנוּ 1 Samuel 12:4; 1 singular רַצּוֺתִי 1 Samuel 12:3; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יָּרוּץ (Ges§ 67q) Isaiah 42:4 (Babylonian Manuscript יֵרוֺץ, Niph`al, so SS here and Ecclesiastes 12:6a), 3 feminine singular תָּרוּץ Ecclesiastes 12:6a, 1 singular אָרֻץ Psalm 18:30 = אָרוּץ 2 Samuel 22:30 (see below); Participle active feminine plural רֹצְצוֺת Amos 4:1; passive רָצוּץ Isaiah 42:3 +, construct רְצוּץ Hosea 5:11; plural רְצוּצִים Isaiah 58:6; — crush: 1 literal,
a. passive participle in (הַ)קָּנֶה (הָ)רָצוּץ 2 Kings 18:21 = Isaiah 36:6; Isaiah 42:3 (all metaphor of weak person).
b. imperfect intransitive get crushed (read תֵּרוֺץ?), of bowl Ecclesiastes 12:6a (in metaphor).
2 figurative crush, oppress, accusative of person 1 Samuel 12:3,4; Amos 4:1; passive participle Deuteronomy 28:33, as substantive the oppressed Isaiah 58:6; רְצוּץ מִשְׁמָּט Hosea 5:11 (We Now רֹצֵץ, i.e. perverting judgment, but dubious); intransitive get crushed (read יֵרוֺץ?), of servant of ׳י, under figure of wick, Isaiah 42:4 (+ יִכְהֶה) he shall not grow dim or be crushed out.
Niph`al be crushed, broken: Perfect 3 masculine singular consecutive נְרֹץ (Ges§ 67t) Ecclesiastes 12:6b (of wheel at cistern); Imperfect 2 masculine singular תֵּרוֺץ Ezekiel 29:7 (of Pharaoh as reed, compare Qal 1 a); Job 20:10 read perhaps יֵרֹצּוּ (for יְרַצּוּ, see רצה Pi`el), are crushed (as) poor men, Bu, compare Hoffm SS Gerber. — Isaiah 42:2; Ecclesiastes 12:6 a see
Qal. Pi`el crush in pieces:
1 literal (in metaphor) Perfect 2 masculine singular רִצַּצְתָּ Psalm 74:14 with accusative of thing.
2 figurative = grievously oppress, 3 masculine singular רִצַּץ Job 20:19; Imperfect 3 masculine singular וַיְרַצֵּץ מִן הָעָם 2 Chronicles 16:10.
Po`el Imperfect 3 masculine plural וַיְרֹצְצוּ Judges 10:8, accusative of person (= Pi`el 2; "" רעץ; רצץ here perhaps doublet, so GFM Hpt, compare Bu Now).
Hiph`il Imperfect 3 feminine singular וַתָּ֫רִץ (Kö i. 352; Ba ZMG xliii (1889), 181 thinks
Qal) Judges 9:53 she crushed his skull.
Hithpo`el reciprocal, Imperfect 3 masculine plural וִיִּתְרֹצְצוּ הַבָּנִים בְּקִרְבָּהּ Genesis 25:22 (J) the children crushed (thurst, struck) one another within her.
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רָצַץ fut. יָרוּץ, תָּרֻץ (for יָרֹץ), Isaiah 42:4; Ecclesiastes 12:6, compare אֲרוּצֵם Jeremiah 50:44 כתיב (Arab. رَضَّ) cogn. to רָעַע and רָעַץ.
(1) to break, to break in or down. Isaiah 42:3, קָנֶה רָצוּץ “a crushed reed,” das eingeknickte Rohr (Vulg. quassata). Isaiah 36:6; 2 Kings 18:21. It differs from שָׁבַר to break off, see Isaiah 42:3.-Intrans. to be broken, Ecc. loc. cit.
(2) figuratively, to oppress, to treat violently, often joined with עָשַׁק 1 Samuel 12:3, 1 Samuel 12:4; Amos 4:1; Isaiah 58:6; Deuteronomy 28:33.
Niphal נָרוֹץ pass. of Kal No. 1, Ecclesiastes 12:6; Ezekiel 29:7.
(1) i.q. Kal No. 1, but more forcible, to break in pieces, Psalms 74:14.
(2) i.q. Kal No. 2, Job 20:19; 2 Chronicles 16:10.
Poel רוֹצֵץ i.q. Kal and Piel No. 2, Judges 10:8. But רוֹצֵץ Nahum 2:5, belongs to the root רוּץ to run.
Hiphil, fut. conv. וַתָּרִץ (so as to differ from וַתָּרֶץ to make to run), Judges 9:53, to break in pieces.
Hithpolel, to dash one another, to struggle together, Genesis 25:22.
Derivatives, רַץ, compare מְרוּצָה No. II.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.