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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2616 - καταδυναστεύω

from (G2596) and a derivative of (G1413)
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  1. to exercise harsh control over one, to use one's power against one
  2. to oppress one
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 559 ‑ אָמַר (aw‑mar');  1234 ‑ בָּקַע (baw‑kah');  2388 ‑ חָזַק (khaw‑zak');  3228 ‑ יָמִינִי (yem‑ee‑nee');  3533 ‑ כָּבַשׁ (kaw‑bash');  3803 ‑ כָּתַר (kaw‑thar');  5375 ‑ נָסָה (naw‑saw', naw‑saw');  5647 ‑ עָבַד (aw‑bad');  6184 ‑ עָרִיץ (aw‑reets');  6231 ‑ עָשַׁק (aw‑shak');  7533 ‑ רָצַץ (raw‑tsats');  7673 ‑ שָׁבַת (shaw‑bath');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (3)
Acts 1
James 2
HCS (0)
HCS (2)
Acts 1
James 1
BSB (2)
Acts 1
James 1
ESV (2)
Acts 1
James 1
WEB (3)
Acts 1
James 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


1. oppress, τινα LXX Exodus 1:13,al.; τοὺς πτωχοὺς ἀπὸ τῆς γῆς ib. Amos 8:4 : metaph., δέδοικα μὴ πλοῦτός με -εύσῃ X. Smp. 5.8; τινος D.S. 13.73, James 2:6 : abs., Str. 16.1.26, Ph. 1.421, Plu. 2.367d: Pass., to be oppressed, PPetr. 3p.74 (iii B.C.), LXX Nehemiah 5:5, D.S. 37.8; ὑπό τινος Str. 6.2.4; ὑπὸ τοῦ διαβόλου Acts 10:38; ταῦτα -εύετο ἕκαστα these districts were under their several rulers, Str. 7.7.8.

2. get control, abs., of mutineers, Ps.- Ptol. Centil. 56.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

καταδυναστεύω; present passive participle καταδυναστευόμενος; the Sept. for הונָה, עָשַׁק, etc.; with the genitive of person (Winers Grammar, 206 (193); Buttmann, 169 (147)), to exercise harsh control over one, to use one's power against one: James 2:6 (not Tdf. (see below)) (Diodorus 13, 73); τινα, to oppress one (Xenophon, conv. 5, 8; often in the Sept.). James 2:6 Tdf.; passive Acts 10:38.

STRONGS NT 2616a: κατάθεμα κατάθεμα, καταθεματος, τό, equivalent to κατανάθεμα(which see), of which it seems to be a vulgar corruption by syncope (cf. Koumanoudes, συναγωγή λέξεων ἀθησαυρων κτλ., under the word κατας); a curse; by metonymy, worthy of execration, an accursed thing: Revelation 22:3 (Rec. κατανάθεμα; cf. Justin Martyr, quaest. et resp. 121, at the end; 'Teaching' 16, 5 [ET]). Not found in secular authors.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κατα -δυναστεύω ,

[in LXX for H3238, H6231, etc.;]

to exercise power over, oppress: c. acc pers. (Xen.; LXX, Micah 2:2, Wisdom of Solomon 2:10, al.); c. gen. pers., James 2:6 (ὑμᾶς , T); pass., Acts 10:38 (cf. MM, Exp., xv).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The rather generalized use of this verb in Acts 10:38 is illustrated by P Petr III. 36 (a) verso.2 (Ptol.) πολλάκ [ις ] σοι γέγραφα διότι καταδεδυνάστευμαι (sic– the writer wished to change the tense) ἐν τῆι θυλ [α ]κῆι λιμῶι παραπολλύμενος, ";I have often explained to you in writing why I am being harshly treated in the prison, perishing from hunger"; : though the agent in Acts l.c. is the devil, the reference is to the physical sufferings attributed to possession.

For the verb of men in authority misusing their power, as in James 2:6 (cf. Wisdom of Solomon 2:10; Wisdom of Solomon 15:14; Wisdom of Solomon 17:2), see also P Oxy I. 67.15 (A.D. 338) where, in a dispute concerning property, the petitioner complains—καταδυναστεύοντες ἐπέχουσιν τῶν ἡμῖν διαφερόντων οἰκοπέ [δω ]ν, ";certain persons are oppressing me and occupying my own estates.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
καταδεδυνάστευνται καταδυναστεύει καταδυναστεύειν καταδυναστεύετε καταδυναστεύομεν καταδυναστευόμεναι καταδυναστευομενους καταδυναστευομένους καταδυναστεύοντας καταδυναστεύοντες καταδυναστεύουσαι καταδυναστευουσιν καταδυναστεύουσιν καταδυναστεύσαι καταδυναστεύσας καταδυναστεύση καταδυναστεύσητε καταδυναστεύσω καταδύσει καταδύσεις καταδύσεται καταδύσωσιν καταθλάσθαι καταθύμια καταθύμιον καταιγίδι καταιγίδος καταιγίδων καταιγίς κατεδυνάστευον κατεδυνάστευσα κατεδυνάστευσαν κατεδυνάστευσας κατεδυνάστευσε κατεδυνάστευσεν κατέδυσαν κατεθάρσησεν κατέθλασα katadunasteuomenous katadunasteuousin katadynasteuomenous katadynasteuoménous katadynasteuousin katadynasteúousin
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