the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #3238 - יָנָה
1) to oppress, suppress, treat violently, maltreat, vex, do wrong
1a) (Qal) to oppress, suppress
1b) (Hiphil) to treat violently, maltreat
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Imperfect 1 plural suffix נִינָם Psalm 74:8; Participle יוֺנָה Jeremiah 25:38 3t. + Psalm 123:4 (see below); — suppress (?) followed by accusative Psalm 74:8 (text dubious); elsewhere oppress; Participle absolute as adjective הָעִיר הַיּוֺנָה Zephaniah 3:1; substantive f. collective הַיּוֺנָה oppressors Jeremiah 25:38 (but read חֶרֶב for חֲרוֺן, with ᵐ5 Ew Hi Gf Ke etc., as Jeremiah 46:16; Jeremiah 50:16); Psalm 123:4 Qr לִגְאֵי יוֺנִים proudest oppressors (stative construct in superlative, compare Ges§ 133, 3, R. 1; yet most follow Kt לּגּאייונים, and derived from גַּאֲיוֺן q. v. above)
Hiph`il Perfect הוֺנָה Ezekiel 18:12,16; הוֺנוּ Ezekiel 22:7,29; Imperfect יוֺנֶה Ezekiel 18:7; 2 masculine singular תּיֹנֶה Exodus 22:20; תּוֺנֶנּוּ Deuteronomy 23:17; יוֺנוּ Ezekiel 45:8; תּוֺנוּ Leviticus 19:33 2t.; תֹּנוּ Jeremiah 22:3; Infinitive suffix הוֺנֹתָם Ezekiel 46:18; Participle מוֺנַ֫יִךְ Isaiah 49:26; — oppress, maltreat, followed by accusative, especially of ill-treatment of poor and weak, particular of the גֵּר, the 'stranger,' sojourner, by the rich and powerful, Exodus 22:20 (JE), Leviticus 19:33; Leviticus 25:14,17 (H), Deuteronomy 23:17; Jeremiah 22:3; Ezekiel 18:7,12,16; Ezekiel 22:7,29; Ezekiel 45:8; Ezekiel 46:18; of a foreign oppressor only Isaiah 49:26.
יָנוֺחַ see נוח; יָנוּם see נום.
יָנָה fut. יִינֶה
(1) to act violently, to oppress. [“The primary idea is that of heat, kindred to יָוַן, also to יוֹם etc.”] Part. Zephaniah 3:1, הָעִיר הַיּוֹנָה “the oppressing city.” In other passages it is used as an epithet for a sword. חֶרֶב הַיּוֹנָה the oppressing or violent sword, Jeremiah 46:16, 50:16 and without חֶרֶב probably id.; 25:38, חֲרוֹן הַיּוֹנָה “the wrath of the oppressing,” i.e. sword, as it has been well taken by Schnurrer, unless, perhaps, with LXX., Chald., and some MSS. we ought to read חֶרֶב הַיּוֹנָה. Psalms 74:8, נִינָם יַחַד “let us oppress (i.e. let us destroy) them all.”
Hiphil הוֹנָה fut. יוֹנֶה i.q. Kal, than which it is oftener used, specially of civil commotions, i.q. עָשַׁק Exodus 22:20 Levit. 19:33 Ezekiel 18:7, seq.; Isaiah 49:26 used of fraud and cheating in buying and selling, Levit. 25:14, 17 Leviticus 25:17 followed by מִן to cast out, from possession, Ezekiel 46:18. (Chaldee Aph. אוֹנִי id.) Compare יוֹנָה.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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