the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #4116 - מָהַר
1) (Qal) to hasten
1a) (Niphal) to be hurried, be anxious
1a) hasty, precipitate, impetuous
1b1) to hasten, make haste
1b2) hasten (used as adverb with another verb)
1b3) to hasten, prepare quickly, do quickly, bring quickly
A) rm (מר MR) AC: ? CO: Bitter AB: ?: The headwaters of a river are only a trickle and have stagnant pools causing the water to be bitter. Something that is bitter of taste or attitude. Rebellion is one with a bitter attitude.
Nm) rm (מר MR) - I. Bitter: II. Trickle:From the little water at the headwaters of a river. KJV (39): bitter, bitterness, bitterly, chafed, angry, discontented, heavy - Strongs: H4751 (מַר), H4752 (מַר)
V) rem (מהר MHR) - I. Hurry: II. Purchase:To pay the price for a wife. [Unknown connection to root] KJV (66): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Piel) haste, swift, quick, soon, speed, headlong, rash, fearful, ready, short, straightway, suddenly, endow - Strongs: H4116 (מָהַר), H4117 (מָהַר)
V) erm (מרה MRH) - Bitter: To be bitter or rebellious. KJV (44): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) rebel, rebellious, provoke, disobedient, against, bitter, change, disobey, grievously, provocation - Strongs: H4784 (מָרָה)
- A2352 Drm (Rebel, Rebellion)
- A2353 Hrm (Rub)
- A2354 Urm (Rub)
- A2355 Yrm (Pain)
- A2356 Qrm (Scour, Cleansing)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Niph`al Perfect 3 feminine singular נִמְהָ֑רָה Job 5:13; Participle נִמְהָר Habakkuk 1:6; plural נִמְהָרִים Isaiah 32:4; construct נִמְהֲרֵי Isaiah 35:4; — be hurried = anxious, disturbed נְמְהֲרֵילֵֿב Isaiah 35:4; hasty, precipitate, subject עֵצָה Job 5:13; so participle as substantive Isaiah 32:4; impetuous, of Chaldeans, Habakkuk 1:6 ("" מַר).
Pi`el Perfect מִהַר 1 Samuel 4:14; Isaiah 51:14; 3 feminine singular מִהֲרָה Jeremiah 48:16 etc.; Imperfect יְמַהֵר Isaiah 5:19 2t.; וַיְמַהֵר Genesis 18:6 8t. ( 1 Samuel 28:30 see below); 3 feminine plural תְּמַהֵרְנָה Jeremiah 9:17 etc.; Imperative masculine singular מַהֵר Genesis 19:22 +; מַהֲרָה 1 Samuel 23:27; 1 Kings 22:9, etc.; Infinitive construct מַהֵר Proverbs 7:23 +; Participle מְמַהֵר Genesis 41:32; Malachi 3:5 (on מַהֵר Zephaniah 1:14 [ 1 Samuel 23:22] compare Kö i. 268 Schw ZAW x. 1890,176 see I. מַהֵר ), feminine plural מְמַהֲרוֺת Proverbs 6:18; —
1 hasten, make haste, = go or come quickly Genesis 18:6; 1 Samuel 9:12 ( but strike out ᵐ5 We Dr Kit Bu HPS), Nahum 2:6; Isaiah 49:17; 1 Chronicles 12:9; = go eagerly, (followed by Infinitive of purpose) Proverbs 1:16; Isaiah 59:7; Participle = swift, prompt Malachi 3:5; of bird Proverbs 7:23; figurative of calamity Isaiah 5:19 ("" חוּשׁ) Jeremiah 48:16, מַהֵר שָׁלָל חָשׁ בַּז Isaiah 8:1,3, below
2 hasten + verb, (׳מ having really adverbial force): followed by Infinitive Genesis 18:7 (מִהַרלַעֲשׂת); compare Genesis 27:20; Genesis 41:32 (subject God), Exodus 2:18; Exodus 10:16; Exodus 12:33; 2 Samuel 15:14; Isaiah 32:4; Isaiah 51:14; Proverbs 6:18; Ecclesiastes 5:1; more often followed by verb with ו Genesis 24:18,20,46; Genesis 44:11 (all J), Genesis 45:9,13 (E), probably Genesis 43:30 (J), also Exodus 34:8 (J), Joshua 4:10; Joshua 8:14,19 (all J E), Judges 13:10; 1 Samuel 4:14; 1 Samuel 17:48; 1 Samuel 23:27; 1 Samuel 25:18,23,34 (twice in verse); 1 Samuel 28:24; 2 Samuel 15:14; 2 Samuel 19:17; 1 Kings 20:33,41; 2 Kings 9:13; Jeremiah 9:17; so even when active is not wholly voluntary 1 Samuel 28:20 (but read probably וַיִּבָּהֵלᵐ5 We Dr Kit Bu); also, ו omitted, Psalm 106:13; especially with Imperative Genesis 19:22 (J), Judges 9:48; Esther 6:10; so also מַהֵר עֲנֵנִי Psalm 69:18; Psalm 102:3; Psalm 143:7; compare Psalm 79:8 (see Ol on the passage).
3 transitive hasten, = prepare quickly Genesis 18:6; = bring quickly 1 Kings 22:9 2 Chronicles 18:8; Esther 5:5; = do quickly 2 Chronicles 24:5 (twice in verse).
I. מַהֵר adjective hastening, speedy, swift (strictly
Pi`el Participle for מְמַהֵר see below מהר); — of ׳יוֺם י, מְאד׳קָרוֺב וּמ Zephaniah 1:14; read also feminine הַמְּהֵרָה (רַגְלוֺ) 1 Samuel 23:22 his swift foot (for ᵑ0רָאָהוּ ׳מִ׳ר) Th We Dr Bu; deeper corruption assumed by HPS.
II. מַהֵר adverb quickly, speedily (strictly
Pi`el infinitive absolute) always immediately after verb; Exodus 32:8 (J), Deuteronomy 4:26; Deuteronomy 7:4,22; Deuteronomy 9:3,12 (twice in verse); Deuteronomy 9:16; Deuteronomy 28:20; Joshua 2:5 (J), Judges 2:17,23; Proverbs 25:8 (on Psalm 69:18; Psalm 79:8; Psalm 102:3; Psalm 143:7, where ׳מ precedes, see above below מָהַר).
(1) to hasten, in Kal once, Psalms 16:4.
(2) to be quick, skilful in any art or business. Arab. مهر to be diligent, acute-minded, see Pi. No. 2, and מָהִיר.
(1) to hasten
(a) to quicken, Isaiah 5:19, to bring quickly. Genesis 18:6, מַהֲרִי שְׁלשׁ סְאִים קֶמַח “bring quickly three seahs of flour;” 1 Kings 22:9.
(b) followed by a finite verb, either with or without the copula, to do any thing quickly, where, in the western languages, the adverb quickly, speedily, would be used, 1 Samuel 17:48; Genesis 19:22, מַהֵר הִמָּלֵט “make haste, escape,” i.q. escape quickly, followed by an infinitive or gerund, Exodus 10:16; Genesis 27:20, מַה־זֶּה מִהַרְתָּ לִמְצאֹ “how then hast thou found it so quickly?” Exodus 2:18. מַהֵר adv. quickly, Judges 2:17, 23 Judges 2:23; Psalms 79:8.
(2) to be prompt, apt in any thing, Isaiah 32:4.
Niphal נִמְהַר properly to be precipitate. Job 5:13, עֲצַת נִפְתָּלִים נִמְהָֽרָה “the counsel of the cunning is headlong,” i.e. being hastily executed it is frustrated. Part. נִמְהַר
(1) headlong, rash, Isaiah 63:4.
(2) impetuous, rushing on precipitately; Germ. ungeftüm, Habakkuk 1:6.
(3) timid, precipitate in flight, Isaiah 35:4.
Derivatives, מָהִיר, מַהֵר, מְהֵרָה [pr.n. מַהֲרַי].
מָהַר to buy, specially a wife, for a price paid to the parents (מֹהַר). Kindred verbs are מוּר which see, and with ה hardened מָחַר, מָכַר, Exodus 22:15.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.