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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #0816 - אָשֵׁם
1) to offend, be guilty, trespass
1a1) to do wrong, offend, trespass, commit an offense, do injury
1a2) to be or become guilty
1a3) to be held guilty
1a4) to be incriminated
1b) (Niphal) to suffer punishment
1c) (Hiphil) to declare guilty
2) (TWOT) to be desolate, acknowledge offense
Nm) ms (סהמ ShM) - I. Breath:The breath of a man is character, what makes one what he is. The name of an individual is more than an identifier but descriptive of his character or breath. II. There:Used to identify another place. [Hebrew and Aramaic] III. Sky:The place of the winds. [Hebrew and Aramaic; Only used in the masculine plural form, mimsor nimsin Aramaic] IV. Aroma: A sweet aroma that is carried on the wind or breath. [df: Mo] KJV (1365): name, renown, fame, famous, heaven, air, sweet, there - Strongs: H5561 (סַם), H8033 (שָׁם), H8034 (שֵׁם), H8036 (שֻׁם), H8064 (שָׁמֶה), H8065 (שְׁמַיִן), H8536 (תַּמָּה)
Nf1 ) ems (סהמה ShMH) - Desolate: A wind blowing over the land pulls the moisture out of the ground drying it up, making a place of ruin or desert. KJV (39): astonishment, desolation, desolate, waste, wonderful - Strongs: H8047 (שַׁמָּה)
kf1) emsm (מסהמה MShMH) - Desolate: A wind blowing over the land pulls the moisture out of the ground drying it up, making a place of ruin or desert. KJV (7): desolate, astonishment - Strongs: H4923 (מְשַׁמָּה)
B) mms (סהממ ShMM) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Desolate: A wind blowing over the land pulls the moisture out of the ground drying it up, making a place of ruin or desert. One in horror or in astonishment is one dried up in the inside.
V) mms (סהממ ShMM) - Desolate: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (93): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Hophal, Piel) desolate, astonish, waste, destroy, wonder, amaze - Strongs: H8074 (שָׁמֵם), H8075 (שְׁמַם)
- A2090 Msc (Rain, Rain)
- A2443 Msn (Pant, Breath)
- A2444 Psn (Blow, Twilight)
- A2848 Dms (Destroy)
- A2849 Ums (Shake)
- A2850 Nms (Oil)
- A2851 Oms (Hear, Report, Obedience)
- A2854 Sms (Sun)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 commit an offence, a trespass, do a wrong, or an injury, with אָשֹׁם אָשַׁם ליהוה ׃לְ he hath done a great wrong to Yahweh (in violating the commands) Leviticus 5:19 (P); וְנָתַן לַאֲשֶׁר אָשַׁם לוֺ and he shall give it (restitution) to him to whom he did wrong Numbers 5:7 (P), compare 2 Chronicles 19:10 (twice in verse); וַיֶאְשְׁמוּ אָשׁוֺם and they committed lasting wrong (irreparable wrong, the Edomites against Judah) Ezekiel 25:12.
2 be or become guilty Judges 21:22; Jeremiah 50:7; Hosea 4:15; Habakkuk 1:11; in offences requiring sin-offering Leviticus 4:13,22,27 (P), of trespass-offering Leviticus 5:2,3,17; Leviticus 5:23; Numbers 5:6 (P); with ל guilty of Leviticus 5:4,5 (P), with ב in or through Ezekiel 22:4; Hosea 13:1.
3 be held guilty, bear punishment Psalm 34:22; Psalm 34:23; Proverbs 30:10; Isaiah 24:6; Jeremiah 2:3; Hosea 5:15; Hosea 10:2; Hosea 14:1; Zechariah 11:5; Ezekiel 6:6 (but compare שָׁמֵם).
Niph`alנֶאְשָׁמוּ suffer punishment Joel 1:18 (si vera lectio; Me We and others נָשַׁמּוּ, √ שׁמם, compare Dr on the passage).
Hiph`il Imperfect suffix הַאֲשִׁימֵם declare them guilty Psalm 5:11.
אָשֵׁם m. verbal adj.
(1) in fault, one who has contracted guilt, Genesis 42:21; 2 Samuel 14:13.
(2) one who brings a sacrifice for trespass, Ezra 10:19.