the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #03477 - יָשָׁר
1) straight, upright, correct, right
1a) straight, level
1b) right, pleasing, correct
1c) straightforward, just, upright, fitting, proper
1d) uprightness, righteous, upright
1e) that which is upright (substantive)
1480) rs (סהר ShR) AC: Tie CO: Cord AB: ?: The pictograph s is a picture of the teeth representing pressure, the r is a picture of the head representing the top or beginning. Combined these mean "press the beginning". Ropes and cords were usually made of bark strips such as from the cedar or from the sinew (tendon) of an animal. The rope is made by twisting two fibers together. A single fiber is attached to a fixed point (top) , and the two ends of the fiber are brought together. One fiber is twisted in a clockwise direction and wrapped over the other fiber in counter clockwise direction. The second fiber is then twisted in clockwise direction then wrapped around the first fiber in a counter clockwise direction. The process is repeated through the length of the rope. The twisting of the fibers in opposite directions causes the fibers to lock (press) onto each other making a stronger rope. The rope is used to tightly secure or support something, such as a load to a cart or the poles of the tent.
efjm/f ) nfiris (סהיריונ ShYRYWN) - Harness: An armor made from tightly wound cords of leather. KJV (11): habergeon, coat, harness, breastplate, brigadine - Strongs: H5630 (סִרְיוֹן), H8302 (שִׁרְיֹנָה)
Nm) rsa (אסהר AShR) - I. Happy:One who is happy is one whose life is lived straightly. II. Which:Or who, what or that. As a rope attaches two objects together, this word links the action of the sentence to the one doing the action. [The short form " s " is used as a prefix meaning "who" or "which"] KJV (156): blessed, happy, which, wherewith, because, when, soon, as, that, until much, whosoever, whom, whose - Strongs: H834 (אֲשֶׁר), H835 (אֶשֶׁר)
Nm) ras (סהאר ShAR) - I. Remnant:What is left behind. II. Kin:A near relative of another tribe. KJV (54): flesh, kinswoman, food, near, nigh, kin, body, kinsman, remnant, rest, residue, other - Strongs: H7605 (שְׁאָר), H7606 (שְׁאָר), H7607 (שְׁאֵר)
V) ers (סהרה ShRH) - Loose: To untie something or to let something go. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (9): (vf: Paal, Piel) loose, dissolve, dwell, began - Strongs: H8271 (שְׁרָא), H8281 (שָׁרָה), H8293 (שֵׁרוּת)
V) rfs (סהור ShWR) - I. Caravan:To travel as a group of merchants with loads. II. See:[Unknown connection to root] KJV (18): (vf: Paal, Participle) went, sing, behold, see, look, observe, wait, regard, perceive - Strongs: H7788 (שׁוּר), H7789 (שׁוּר)
Nm) rfs (סהור ShWR) - I. Ox:Used for pulling heavy loads. [Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Wall:As tied around a city. [Hebrew and Aramaic] III. Enemy:As one who is to be tied up. KJV (93): ox, bullock, cow, bull, enemy, wall - Strongs: H7790 (שׁוּר), H7791 (שׁוּרָה), H7792 (שׁוּר), H7794 (שׁוֹר), H8450 (תּוֹר)
L) rsi (יסהר YShR) AC: ? CO: Cord AB: ?: A tight rope is straight. A righteous one is one who is straight and firmly holds up truth just as the cord is straight and firmly holds the wall of the tent upright.
V) rsi (יסהר YShR) - I. Straight:To be in a straight line, path or thought. II. Remnant:[df: rty] KJV (134): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Pual, Piel, Participle) please, straight, direct, right, well, fit, good, meet, upright, remain, leave, rest, remainder, remnant, reserve, residue, plenteous, behind, excel, preserve - Strongs: H3474 (יָשַׁר), H3498 (יָתַר)
Nm ) rsi (יסהר YShR) - I. Cord:The cord of the bow. [df: rty]II. Straight:A straight line, path or thought. III. Remnant:[df: rty] KJV (220): cord, string, right, upright, righteous, straight, convenient, equity, just, meet, well, rest, remnant, residue, leave, excellency, exceeding, excellent, plentifully - Strongs: H3477 (יָשָׁר), H3499 (יֶתֶר)
km) rsim (מיסהר MYShR) - I. Cord: II. Straight:What is straight. [df: rtym] KJV (28): cord, string, equity, uprightly, uprightness, right, agreement, aright, equal, sweetly - Strongs: H4339 (מֵישָׁרִים), H4340 (מֵיתָר)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 straight, level, of a way Isaiah 26:7; Jeremiah 31:9; Psalm 107:7; Ezra 8:21; foot Ezekiel 1:7; wings Ezekiel 1:23 (? see above)
2 right, pleasing:
a. to God, הַיָּשָׁר בעיני that which is right, pleasing in the eyes of, agreeable to (either construct before ׳י, or with suffixes referring to him), especially in Deuteronomic writers, Exodus 15:26 (R), Deuteronomy 12:25; Deuteronomy 13:19; Deuteronomy 21:9; 1 Kings 11:33,38; 1 Kings 14:8; 1 Kings 15:5,11; 1 Kings 22:43 2 Chronicles 20:32,2Kings 10:30; 2 Kings 12:3; 2 Kings 14:3; 2 Kings 15:3,34; 2 Kings 16:2; 2 Kings 18:3; 2 Kings 22:3 2 Chronicles 24:2; 25:2; 26:4; 27:2; 28:1; 29:2; 34:2; Jeremiah 34:15; ׳הישׁר והטוב בעיני י Deuteronomy 6:18; ׳הטוב והישׁר בעיני י Deuteronomy 12:28; 2 Chronicles 14:1; ׳הטוב והישׁר והאמת לפני י 2 Chronicles 31:20.
b. to man, (ה)ישׁר בעיני Deuteronomy 12:8; Judges 17:6; Judges 21:25; 2 Samuel 19:7; Jeremiah 40:5; Proverbs 12:15; Proverbs 21:2; (ה)טוב ו(ה)ישׁר בעיני Joshua 9:25 (D), Jeremiah 26:14; Jeremiah 40:4; יֵשׁ דֶּרֶךְ יָשָׁר לִפְנֵיאִֿישׁ Proverbs 14:12 there is a way which is pleasing before a man = Proverbs 16:25.
3 straightforward, just upright:
a. of God, צַדִּיק וְיָשָׁר הוא Deuteronomy 32:4 (song); ׳טוב וישׁר י Psalm 25:8; ׳ישׁר י Psalm 92:16; his ways Hosea 14:10; his משׁפטים Nehemiah 9:13; Psalm 119:137; מִּקּוּדִים Psalm 19:9; דָּבָר Psalm 33:4; the words of divine wisdom Proverbs 8:9.
b. of man, God made him upright Ecclesiastes 7:29; but יָשָׁר בָּאָדָם אָ֑יִן Micah 7:2 an upright man among men there is none and yet Job is תָּם וְיָשָׁר Job 1:1 (see Da), Job 1:8; Job 2:3, compare Psalm 37:37; זַךְ וישׁר Job 8:6; so earlier of David as an uprightman 1 Samuel 29:6; of man's doings "" זַךְ Proverbs 20:11, compare Proverbs 21:8; of his way of life "" טובה 1 Samuel 12:23; יְשַׁרדֶּֿרֶךְ Proverbs 29:27; יִשְׁרֵיּדֶֿרֶךְ Psalm 37:14; of his heart, mind, and will, יִשְׁרֵי לֵבָב upright of heart 2 Chronicles 29:34; יִשְׁרֵילֵֿב Psalm 7:11; Psalm 11:2; Psalm 32:11; Psalm 36:11; Psalm 64:11; Psalm 94:15; Psalm 97:11; יְשָׁרִים בְּלִבּוֺתָם Psalm 125:4.
c. as a noun, (1) with reference to things, יָשָׁר הֶעֱוֵיתִי the right I have perverted Job 33:27; הַיְשָׁרָה יְעַקֵּ֑שׁוּ Micah 3:9 pervert the right (literally twist that which is straight); דֹּבֵר יְשָׁרִים speaketh right things Proverbs 16:13, compare 2 Kings 10:15. (2) more commonly of men, in singular (ה)יָשָׁר Micah 2:7; Micah 7:4; 2 Kings 10:3; Proverbs 21:29; Job 23:7; collective, Psalm 11:7; also in סֵפֶרהַיָּשָׁר book of the upright Joshua 10:13; 2 Samuel 1:18 (compare 1 Kings 8:53 ᵐ5; Dr Intr. 182), a collection of ancient national poetry; in plural יְשָׁרִים the upright, of pious Israel Numbers 23:10 (song E); elsewhere of the upright among the people of God as distinguished from the wicked, in Wisdom Literature. Job 4:7; Job 17:8; Proverbs 2:7,21; Proverbs 3:32; Proverbs 11:3,6,11; Proverbs 12:6; Proverbs 14:9,11; Proverbs 15:8,19; Proverbs 16:17; Proverbs 21:18; Proverbs 28:10; Proverbs 29:10, in late Psalm 33:1; Psalm 49:15; Psalm 107:42; Psalm 111:1; Psalm 112:2; Psalm 112:4; Psalm 140:14 and Daniel 11:17.
4 abstract, uprightness, בֶּאֱמֶת וְיָשָׁר Psalm 111:8 (Thes), but read rather ישֶׁר with Hi Ri Bae, after ᵐ5ᵑ6 ᵑ7 Jerome.
יָשָׁר adj. f. יְשָׁרָה
(1) straight. Ezekiel 1:7, 23 Ezekiel 1:23; Job 33:27, יָשָׁר הֱעֶוִיִתִי “I have made the straight crooked;” I have acted perversely. Figuratively יָשָׁר בְּעֵינַי that which is right in my eyes, i.e. what pleases me, what I approve. Judges 17:6, “every one did הַיָּשָׁר בְּעֵינָיו what was right in his own eyes,” what was pleasing to himself. Deuteronomy 12:25, 28 Deuteronomy 12:28, הַיָּשָׁר בְּעֵינֵי יְהֹוָה “that which is pleasing to God.” Followed by לִפְנִיִ id., Proverbs 14:12, 16:25. Often used of persons
(a) upright, righteous, Job 1:1, Job 1:8; Psalms 11:7. More fully expressed יִשְׁרֵי לֵב Psalms 7:11, and יִשְׁרֵי רֶ06ר֫֒ךְ 37:14. יְשָׁרִים κατʼ ἐξοχὴν, are the Jews, Daniel 11:17. סֵפֶר הַיָּשָׁר [the book of Jasher] the book of the upright, either sing. or collect. is an anthology of ancient poems, to which reference is twice made in the Old Test., Joshua 10:13; 2 Samuel 1:18. (If it could be proved that יָשָׁר is also used of military valour, the title of that book might not be ill rendered the book of valour; comp. the name of the celebrated Arabic anthology, called حماسة i.e. valour.) Neutr. יָשָׁר uprightness, integrity, Psalms 37:37, 111:8.
(b) just, true, of God, and the word of God, Deuteronomy 32:4; Psalms 33:4, 119:137.
(2) even, used of a way, Jeremiah 31:9 hence דֶּרֶךְ יְשָׁרָה an even (unobstructed) way, i.e. fortunate, Ezra 8:21 יְשַׁר לֵב ready-minded, prompt for doing any thing; followed by a gerund, 2 Chronicles 29:34. Compare Arabic يَسَرَ to be ready, obsequious. Conj. III. to make oneself of easy access to any one.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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