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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #228 - ἀληθινός

from (G227)
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  1. that which has not only the name and resemblance, but the real nature corresponding to the name, in every respect corresponding to the idea signified by the name, real, true genuine
    1. opposite to what is fictitious, counterfeit, imaginary, simulated or pretended
    2. it contrasts realities with their semblances
    3. opposite to what is imperfect defective, frail, uncertain
  2. true, veracious, sincere
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 530 ‑ אֱמֻנָה (em‑oo‑naw', em‑oo‑naw');  571 ‑ אֱמֶת (eh'‑meth);  2896 ‑ טוֹב (tobe);  3330 ‑ יַצִּיב (yats‑tseeb');  3477 ‑ יָשָׁר (yaw‑shawr');  5355 ‑ נָקִי (naw‑kee', naw‑kee');  7187 ‑ קְשֹׁט (kesh‑ote', kesh‑ote');  8003 ‑ שָׁלֵם (shaw‑lame');  8365 ‑ שָׁתַם (shaw‑tham');  8535 ‑ תָּם (tawm);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (27)
Luke 1
John 8
1 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 3
1 John 4
Revelation 10
NAS (31)
Luke 1
John 9
1 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 4
1 John 6
Revelation 10
HCS (28)
Luke 1
John 9
1 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 3
1 John 4
Revelation 10
BSB (28)
Luke 1
John 9
1 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 3
1 John 4
Revelation 10
ESV (27)
Luke 1
John 8
1 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 3
1 John 4
Revelation 10
WEB (26)
Luke 1
John 7
1 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 3
1 John 4
Revelation 10
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀληθῐνός, ή, όν,

I agreeable to truth:

1. of persons, truthful, trusty, στράτευμα, φίλοι, X. An. 1.9.17, D. 9.12, cf. Posidipp. 26. Adv. -νῶς, φιλεῖν X. Smp. 9.5: Sup. -ώτατα Plb. 39.37.

2. of things, true, genuine, Pl. R. 499c, Arist. EN 1107a31 (Comp.); esp. of purple, πορφυρίς X. Oec. 10.3, cf. Edict.Diocl. 24.6; ἰχθύς Amph.26; πέλαγος Men. 65; λόγος Id. Sam. 114; τὰ ἀ. real objects, opp. τὰ γεγραμμένα, Arist. Pol. 1281b12; of persons, ἐς ἀ. ἄνδρ' ἀποβῆναι to turn out a genuine man, Theoc. 13.15: Astron., true (opp. φαινόμενος apparent), of risings and settings, Autol. 1 Def. 1, al.

II Adv. -νῶς truly, really, opp. γλίσχρως, Isoc. 5.142; ζῶντα ἀ.

1. really alive, Pl. Ti. 19b; ἀ. γεγάμηκεν; Antiph. 221.

2. honestly, straightforwardly, OGI 223.17 (Erythrae).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀληθινός, , (frequent in secular writings from Plato down; (twenty-three times in John's writings; only five (according to Lachmann six) times in the rest of the N. T.));

1. that which has not only the name and semblance, but the real nature corresponding to the name (Tittmann, p. 155; ("particularly applied to express that which is all that it pretends to be, for instance, pure gold as opposed to adulterated metal" Donaldson, New Crat. § 258; see, at length, Trench, § viii.)), in every respect corresponding to the idea signified by the name, real and true, genuine;

a. opposed to what is fictitious, counterfeit, imaginary, simulated, pretended: Θεός (אֱמֶת אֱלֹהַי, 2 Chronicles 15:3), 1 Thessalonians 1:9; Hebrews 9:14 Lachmann; John 17:3; 1 John 5:20. (ἀληθινοί φίλοι, Demosthenes, Philippians 3, p. 113, 27.)

b. it contrasts realities with their semblances: σκηνή, Hebrews 8:2; the sanctuary, Hebrews 9:24. ( ἵππος contrasted with ἐν τῇ εἰκόνι, Aelian v. h. 2, 3.)

c. opposed to what is imperfect, defective, frail, uncertain: John 4:23, 37; John 7:28; used without adjunct of Jesus as the true Messiah, Revelation 3:7; φῶς, John 1:9; 1 John 2:8; κρίσις, John 8:16 (L T Tr WH; Isaiah 59:4); κρίσεις, Revelation 16:7; Revelation 19:2; ἄρτος, as nourishing the soul unto life everlasting, John 6:32; ἄμπελος, John 15:1; μαρτυρία John 19:35; μάρτυς, Revelation 3:14; δεσπότης, Revelation 6:10; ὁδοί, Revelation 15:3; coupled with πιστός, Revelation 3:14; Revelation 19:11; substantively, τό ἀληθινόν the genuine, real good, opposed to external riches, Luke 16:11 ((οἷς μέν γάρ ἀληθινός πλοῦτος οὐρανῷ, Philo de praem, et poen. § 17, p. 425, Mang. edition; cf. Wetstein (1752) on Luke, the passage cited); ά᾿θληται, Polybius 1, 6, 6).

2. equivalent to ἀληθής, true, veracious, sincere, (often so in the Sept.): καρδία, Hebrews 10:22 (μετ' ἀληθείας ἐν καρδία ἀληθινή, Isaiah 38:3); λόγοι, Rev. (); (Plutarch, apoph, p. 184 e.). (Cf. Cremer, 4te Aufi. under the word ἀλήθεια.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀληθινός , - , -όν

(< ἀληθής ),

[in LXX for H571;]

true, in the sense of real, ideal, genuine: Luke 16:11 John 1:9; John 4:23; John 4:37; John 6:32; John 7:28; John 8:16; John 15:1; John 17:3; John 19:35, 1 Thessalonians 1:9, Hebrews 8:2; Hebrews 9:24; Hebrews 10:22, 1 John 2:8; 1 John 5:20, Revelation 3:7; Revelation 3:14; Revelation 6:10; Revelation 15:3; Revelation 16:7; Revelation 19:2; = ἀληθής , Revelation 19:9; Revelation 21:5; Revelation 22:6 (MM, VGT, s.v.).†

SYN.: ἀληθής G227, q.v.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ἀληθινός is less common still than ἀληθής , but is found in MGr. In P Petr II. 19 (1a)6 (iii/B.C.) it is used in a petition by a prisoner who affirms that he has said nothing μηδέποτε ἄτοπον , ὅπερ καὶ ἀληθινόν ἐστι , and again (si vera lectio) ib. 2 (3) (B.C. 260), where the writer assures his father εἰ ἐν ἄ ]λλοις ἀλύπως ἀπαλλάσσεις εἴη ἂν ὡς ἐγὼ τοῖς θεοῖς ἔσχομεν [χάριν ἀληθ ]ινόν , ";if in other matters you are getting on without annoyances, there will be, as we have given, true gratitude to the gods"; : cf. Syll 316.17 (ii/B.C.) πα ]ρασχομένων τῶν κατηγόρων ἀληθινὰς ἀποδείξεις , and the same phrase in BGU IV. 114112 (time of Augustus). Caracalla’s edict, P Giss I. 40 ii. 27, speaks of οἱ ἀληθινοὶ Αἰγύπτιοι as ";easily distinguished by their speech."; The word is also found in the fragmentary BGU III. 742 ii. 1 f. (A.D. 122) εἰ ταῖς ἀληθ [ι ]ναῖς ἀντὶ φερνῆς ἡ παραχώρησις ἐγένετο . In an obscure letter concerning redemption of garments etc. in pawn, P Oxy I. 114.7 (ii/iii A.D.), we have ἀληθινοπόρφυρον translated by the editors ";with a real purple (border?)."; In OGIS 22317 (iii/B.C.) the Seleucid Antiochus Soter writes ἀπλάστως καὶ ἀληθινῶς ἐμ πᾶσι προσφερομένους . In Wünsch AF 4.44 (iii/A.D.) we find εἴπω σοι καὶ τὸ ἀληθινὸν ὄνομα ὃ τρέμει Τάρταρα κτλ . For Christian examples of ἀληθινός from the papyri, see P Oxy VI. 925.2 (v/vi A.D.) ( = Selections, p. 131) Ὁ θ (εὸ )ς . . . ὁ ἀληθινός , and the Christian amulet of vi/A.D. edited by Wilcken in Archiv i. p. 431 ff. ( = BGU III. 954, Selections, p. 132), where at l. 28 ff. we find—ὁ φῶς ἐκ φωτός , θ (εὸ )ς ἀληθινὸς χάρισον ἐμὲ κτλ .




The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αληθινά αληθιναι αληθιναί ἀληθιναὶ αληθινη αληθινή ἀληθινή ἀληθινὴ αληθινήν αληθινης αληθινής ἀληθινῆς αληθινοι αληθινοί ἀληθινοί ἀληθινοὶ αληθινον αληθινόν ἀληθινόν ἀληθινὸν αληθινος αληθινός ἀληθινός ἀληθινὸς αληθινού αληθινούς αληθινω αληθινώ ἀληθινῷ αληθινων αληθινών ἀληθινῶν alethinai alethinaì alēthinai alēthinaì alethine alethinḗ alethinḕ alēthinē alēthinḗ alēthinḕ alethines alethinês alēthinēs alēthinē̂s alethino alēthinō alethinoi alethinoí alethinoì alethinôi alēthinoi alēthinoí alēthinoì alēthinō̂i alethinon alethinón alethinòn alethinôn alēthinon alēthinón alēthinòn alēthinōn alēthinō̂n alethinos alethinós alethinòs alēthinos alēthinós alēthinòs
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