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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3474 - יָשַׁר
1) to be right, be straight, be level, be upright, be just, be lawful, be smooth
1a1) to go straight
1a2) to be pleasing, be agreeable, be right (figuratively)
1a3) to be straightforward, be upright
1b1) to make right, make smooth, make straight
1b2) to lead, direct, lead straight along
1b3) to esteem right, approve
1c) (Pual) to be made level, be laid smoothly out
1d) (Hiphil) to make straight, look straight
1480) rs (סהר ShR) AC: Tie CO: Cord AB: ?: The pictograph s is a picture of the teeth representing pressure, the r is a picture of the head representing the top or beginning. Combined these mean "press the beginning". Ropes and cords were usually made of bark strips such as from the cedar or from the sinew (tendon) of an animal. The rope is made by twisting two fibers together. A single fiber is attached to a fixed point (top) , and the two ends of the fiber are brought together. One fiber is twisted in a clockwise direction and wrapped over the other fiber in counter clockwise direction. The second fiber is then twisted in clockwise direction then wrapped around the first fiber in a counter clockwise direction. The process is repeated through the length of the rope. The twisting of the fibers in opposite directions causes the fibers to lock (press) onto each other making a stronger rope. The rope is used to tightly secure or support something, such as a load to a cart or the poles of the tent.
efjm/f ) nfiris (סהיריונ ShYRYWN) - Harness: An armor made from tightly wound cords of leather. KJV (11): habergeon, coat, harness, breastplate, brigadine - Strongs: H5630 (סִרְיוֹן), H8302 (שִׁרְיֹנָה)
Nm) rsa (אסהר AShR) - I. Happy:One who is happy is one whose life is lived straightly. II. Which:Or who, what or that. As a rope attaches two objects together, this word links the action of the sentence to the one doing the action. [The short form " s " is used as a prefix meaning "who" or "which"] KJV (156): blessed, happy, which, wherewith, because, when, soon, as, that, until much, whosoever, whom, whose - Strongs: H834 (אֲשֶׁר), H835 (אֶשֶׁר)
Nm) ras (סהאר ShAR) - I. Remnant:What is left behind. II. Kin:A near relative of another tribe. KJV (54): flesh, kinswoman, food, near, nigh, kin, body, kinsman, remnant, rest, residue, other - Strongs: H7605 (שְׁאָר), H7606 (שְׁאָר), H7607 (שְׁאֵר)
V) ers (סהרה ShRH) - Loose: To untie something or to let something go. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (9): (vf: Paal, Piel) loose, dissolve, dwell, began - Strongs: H8271 (שְׁרָא), H8281 (שָׁרָה), H8293 (שֵׁרוּת)
V) rfs (סהור ShWR) - I. Caravan:To travel as a group of merchants with loads. II. See:[Unknown connection to root] KJV (18): (vf: Paal, Participle) went, sing, behold, see, look, observe, wait, regard, perceive - Strongs: H7788 (שׁוּר), H7789 (שׁוּר)
Nm) rfs (סהור ShWR) - I. Ox:Used for pulling heavy loads. [Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Wall:As tied around a city. [Hebrew and Aramaic] III. Enemy:As one who is to be tied up. KJV (93): ox, bullock, cow, bull, enemy, wall - Strongs: H7790 (שׁוּר), H7791 (שׁוּרָה), H7792 (שׁוּר), H7794 (שׁוֹר), H8450 (תּוֹר)
L) rsi (יסהר YShR) AC: ? CO: Cord AB: ?: A tight rope is straight. A righteous one is one who is straight and firmly holds up truth just as the cord is straight and firmly holds the wall of the tent upright.
V) rsi (יסהר YShR) - I. Straight:To be in a straight line, path or thought. II. Remnant:[df: rty] KJV (134): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Pual, Piel, Participle) please, straight, direct, right, well, fit, good, meet, upright, remain, leave, rest, remainder, remnant, reserve, residue, plenteous, behind, excel, preserve - Strongs: H3474 (יָשַׁר), H3498 (יָתַר)
Nm ) rsi (יסהר YShR) - I. Cord:The cord of the bow. [df: rty]II. Straight:A straight line, path or thought. III. Remnant:[df: rty] KJV (220): cord, string, right, upright, righteous, straight, convenient, equity, just, meet, well, rest, remnant, residue, leave, excellency, exceeding, excellent, plentifully - Strongs: H3477 (יָשָׁר), H3499 (יֶתֶר)
km) rsim (מיסהר MYShR) - I. Cord: II. Straight:What is straight. [df: rtym] KJV (28): cord, string, equity, uprightly, uprightness, right, agreement, aright, equal, sweetly - Strongs: H4339 (מֵישָׁרִים), H4340 (מֵיתָר)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
יָשַׁר fut. יִישַׁר (once יִשּׁר 1 Samuel 6:12).
(1) i.q. אָשַׁר (kindred roots are כָּשַׁר, עָשַׁר) to be straight, especially of a way, 1 Samuel 6:12, וַיִּשַּׁרְנָה הַפָּרוֹת בַּדֶּרֶךְ prop. “and the kine were straight in the way,” i.e. they went in a straight, direct way. (As to the grammatical form, see Gramm. § 47, note 3.) Metaphorically in this one phrase, יָשַׁר בְּעֵינַי to be straight in my eyes, i.e. “it is pleasing to me,” I approve it, Numbers 23:27; Judges 14:3, Judges 14:7; 1 Samuel 18:20, 26 1 Samuel 18:26; 2 Samuel 17:4; 1 Kings 9:12.
(2) to be even, level, metaphorically used of an even mind, i.e. tranquil (compare שִׁוָּה Isaiah 38:13), or composed, opp. to inflated, proud, Habakkuk 2:4, הִנֵּה עֻפְּלָה לֹא־יָֽשְׁרָה נַפְשׁוֹ בּוֹ “behold the puffed up, his soul is not tranquil in him.”
(1) to make a way straight, Proverbs 9:15, “those who make their ways straight,” i.e. those who go on in a straight way, the upright. ישֵׁר לָלֶכֶת to go straight forward. Proverbs 15:21, “God makes straight the ways of any one,” i.e. causes that his affairs may prosper; Proverbs 3:6, 11:5. Hence to direct, as a water course, 2 Chronicles 32:30 poetically applied to thunder, Job 37:2.
(2) to esteem as right, to approve, Psalms 119:128.
(3) causat. of Kal No. 2, to make even, level, as a way, Isaiah 40:3, 45:13 followed by לְ for any one.
Pual, pass. of Piel No. 3. Part. זָהָב מְיֻשָּׁר gold made even, spread out, 1 Kings 6:35.
Hiphil הַיְשִׁיר and הוֹשִׁיר (Psalms 5:9; Isaiah 45:2 כתיב)
(1) to make a way straight. Ellipt. Proverbs 4:25, “let thy eyelids יַיְשִׁירוּ נֶנְדֶּךָ make straight (sc. a way) before thee,” i.e. let them look straight.
(2) to make a way even, Psalms 5:9 high places, Isaiah 45:2.
Derived nouns, מִישׁוֹר, מֵישָׁר, pr.n. שָׁרוֹן and those which immediately follow.
the Week of Proper 7 / Ordinary 12