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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #7561 - רָשַׁע
1) to be wicked, act wickedly
1a1) to be wicked, act wickedly
1a2) to be guilty, be condemned
1b1) to condemn as guilty (in civil relations)
1b2) to condemn as guilty (in ethical or religious relations)
1b3) to act wickedly (in ethics and religion)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
רָשַׁע fut. יִרְשַׁע
(1) prop. to make a noise, or tumult, see adj. רָשַׁע Job 3:17; Isaiah 57:20 and Hiphil, Job 34:29. (Syr. ܪܬܰܥ Aph. to agitate; ܪܬܳܥܳܐ commotion, disturbance; also ܐܶܬܪܰܫܰܥ to be disturbed; kindred roots are רָעַשׁ, רָעַע and others, which have been treated of under רָעַע.) Hence
(2) to be unrighteous, wicked (compare the same transition of meaning in the root רָעַע), 1 Kings 8:47; Daniel 9:15; Ecclesiastes 7:17 opp. to צָדַק Pregn. followed by מִן wickedly to depart from (God), Psalms 18:22.
(3) to have an unrighteous cause, to be guilty (opp. to צָדַק), Job 9:29, 10:7, 15 Job 10:15.
(1) to declare guilty, or unrighteous, i.e. to condemn any one, used of a judge (opp. to הִצְדִּיק), Exodus 22:8; Deuteronomy 25:1; Job 32:3; Isaiah 50:9 used of the person who gains his cause, Isaiah 54:17. Hence simply, to overcome. 1 Samuel 14:47, of Saul, “and whithersoever he turned himself יַרְשִׁיעַ his cause overcame,” i.e. he was the victor: this arises from victory being regarded as the reward of a righteous cause, defeat, the punishment of wickedness, compare צֶדֶק, צְדָקָה No. 4, זָכָה to be innocent, Syr. ܙܒܳܐ to conquer. LXX. ἐσώζετο. Vulg. superabat. But it may also be taken in the primary signification, and rendered to cause perturbation, terror.
(2) intrans. to act unrighteously, wickedly, 2 Chronicles 20:35 (with לַעֲשׂוֹת), 22:3 Job 34:12; Daniel 12:10. Pregn. 11:32, מַרְשִׁיעֵי בְרִית “those who wickedly desert the covenant.”
Derivatives, רָשָׁע, רֶשַׁע, רִשְׁעָה, מִרְשַׁעַת.
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