the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #2274 - ἡττάω
- to make less, inferior, to overcome
- to be made inferior
- to overcome, worsted, to be conquered by one, forced to yield to one
- to hold a thing inferior, set below
From the same as G2276
ἡσσάομαι, see ἡττάω and under the word Sigma.
STRONGS NT 2274: ἡττάω ἡττάω: (ἥττων); to make less, inferior, to overcome (the active is only in Polybius, Diodorus, Josephus, Antiquities 12, 7, 1 (other examples in Veitch, under the word)); passive ἡττάομαι, from (Sophocles and) Herodotus down; perfect ή῾ττημαι; 1 aorist ἡττήθην (ἡσσωθην, 2 Corinthians 12:13 L T Tr WH; in opposed to which form cf. Fritzsche, De conform. N. T. crit. quam Lachmann edition, p. 32 (yet see Kuenen and Cobet, N. T. ad fid. Vat., p. xc.; WHs Appendix, p. 166; Buttmann, 59 (52); Veitch, under the word)); to be made inferior; to be overcome, worsted: in war, ὑπό τίνος, 2 Macc. 10:24; universally, τίνι (cf. Buttmann, 168 (147); Winer's Grammar, 219 (206)), to be conquered by one, forced to yield to one, 2 Peter 2:19; absolutely, 2 Peter 2:20. τί ὑπέρ τινα, equivalent to ἧττον ἔχω τί, to hold a thing inferior, set below (on the accusative (ὁ) cf. Buttmann, § 131, 10; and on the comparitive use of ὑπέρ see ὑπέρ, II. 2 b.), 2 Corinthians 12:13.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
ἡττάω , -ῶ
(ἡσσ -, 2 Corinthians 12:13, see ἥσσων ),
[in LXX for H2865, etc.;]
1. to be inferior: seq. ὑπέρ , 2 Corinthians 12:13.
2. to be overcome: absol., 2 Peter 2:20; c. dat., 2 Peter 2:19.†
ἡσσάομαι , see ἡττάω .
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
For this form in –ττ –, which is read in the NT in 2 Peter 2:19 f. (for the LXX see Thackeray Gr. i. p. 121 f.), cf. PSI IV. 340.21 (B.C. 257–6) οὐκ ἑττηθήσεσθε (l. ἡττ –) ὑπὸ ἀνθρώπου ἀνελευθέρου, and the interesting report of a Jewish uprising in an Egyptian village during the reign of Hadrian, Chrest. I. 16.7, when the writer admits—οἱ ἡμέ [τ ]ερο [ι ] ἡττ [ή ]θησαν καὶ πολλοὶ [α ]ὐτῶν συνεκόπ [ησαν. In P Hal I. 1.54, .115 (mid. iii/B.C.) we have ἡσσηθῆι twice : cf. 2 Corinthians 12:18 where ἡσσώθητε (from Ionic ἑσσοῦσθαι) is read in א* BD*. See further Wackernagel Hellenistica, p. 12 ff., where it is shown that Hellenistic writers have retained –ττ – in certain words which were taken over directly from Attic and were not current in another form in the Κοινή.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.