the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #7535 - רַק
1) only, altogether, surely
1b) only, nought but, altogether (in limitation)
1c) save, except (after a negative)
1d) only, altogether, surely (with an affirmative)
1e) if only, provided only (prefixed for emphasis)
1f) only, exclusively (for emphasis)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
רַק (from רָקַק No. I)
(1) adj. thin, lean (used of cows), Genesis 41:19, 20 Genesis 41:20, 27 Genesis 41:27.
(2) it becomes an adv. of limitation, restriction, only, alone. Job 1:15, רַק אֲנִי לְבַדִּי “only I alone.” Genesis 47:22, “only the land of the priests he bought not.” 1 Samuel 1:13; Judges 14:16; Amos 3:2; 2 Chronicles 28:10, 33:17, and frequently. Also, of exception, only, except, provided, Isaiah 4:1, “we will eat our own bread, … only let us bear thy name.” Specially
(a) when a negation precedes, it is, only, besides, save that, except. 2 Chronicles 5:10, “there was nothing in the ark רַק שְׁנֵי הַלֻּחוֹת except the two tables.” 2 Kings 17:18. Joshua 11:22, “there were not left of the nation of the Anakim רַק בְּעַזָּה except in Gaza.” 1 Kings 15:5.
(b) it is prefixed to adjectives (equally with אַךְ No. 2, a-c), as רַק רַע nothing except evil, nur böfe, eitel böfe. 1 Kings 14:8, רַק הַיָּשָׁר “only what is right,” weiter nichts als was recht ift. Deuteronomy 4:6. Hence
(c) it has a kind of confirming sense. Genesis 20:11, רַק אֵין יִרְאַת אֱלֹהִים בַּמָּקוֹם הַזֶּה “surely the fear of God is not in this place,” prop. it cannot be otherwise than-i.e. no doubt, surely.
Note. Sometimes this particle, when placed at the beginning of a sentence, must be referred not to the next but to some more remote word. Isaiah 28:19, רַק זְוָעָה הָבִין שְׁמוּעָה “to have heard only the rumour causes terror.” Psalms 32:6, רַק לְשֶׁטֶף מַיִם רַבִּים אֵלָיו לֹא יַגִּיעוּ “(as to) the flood of great waters, to him only (the righteous) they shall not approach.” The same is the case with the particles גַּם Genesis 16:13, אַךְ Isaiah 34:14.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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