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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #7387 - רֵיקָם
1) vainly, emptily
1a) in empty condition, empty, emptily
1b) in vain, without effect, vainly
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 in empty condition, empty = with empty hands; with verb of sending Genesis 31:42 (E), Deuteronomy 15:13; 1 Samuel 6:3; Job 22:9; of going forth Exodus 3:21, returning Ruth 1:21; Ruth 3:17; = without an offering, ׳לֹא יֵרָאוּ פָנַי ד Exodus 23:15 (E) = Exodus 34:20 (J), more fully Deuteronomy 16:16 (compare [פָנֶה] II.
Niph`al 1 b).
2 in vain, without effect : with שׁוּב 2 Samuel 1:22 (poem), Isaiah 55:11; Jeremiah 14:3 (but see רֵיק
1), Jeremiah 50:9; probably also ׳צוֺרֲרִי ר Psalm 7:5 those who were my adversaries in vain (without success); ׳הַבּוֺגְדִים ר Psalm 25:3 that deal treacherously in vain <in both most without cause).
רֵיקָם adv. emptily, Jerem. 14:3 (a) empty-handed, as poor men, Ruth 3:17 hence שִׁלַּח רֵיקָם to send any one away empty, without a gift, Genesis 31:42; Deuteronomy 15:13; Job 22:9. Deuteronomy 16:16, לֹא יֵרָאֶח אֶת־פְּנֵי יְיָ רֵיקָם “he shall not present himself before Jehovah without (bringing) a gift.”
(b) in vain, to no purpose, 2 Samuel 1:22.
(c) without cause, rashly, Psalms 25:3, 7:5.