the Week of Proper 21 / Ordinary 26
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #631 - אָסַר
1) to tie, bind, imprison
1a1) to tie, bind
1a2) to tie, harness
1a3) to bind (with cords)
1a4) to gird (rare and late)
1a5) to begin the battle, make the attack
1a6) of obligation of oath (figurative)
1b) (Niphal) to be imprisoned, bound
1c) (Pual) to be taken prisoner
1342) rx (סר SR) AC: Rule CO: Ruler AB: Noble: The pictograph x is a picture of a thorn representing a turning, the r is a picture of a head. Combined these mean "turn the head". The turning of the head to another direction. One who rules turns the people to his direction. The turning the head of the child or student into a particular direction.
Nm) rx (סר SR) - I. Noble:One who has authority. [df: rV]II. Heavy:The weight of responsibility on one in authority. KJV (424): prince, captain, chief, ruler, governor, keeper, principal, general, lord, heavy, sad - Strongs: H5620 (סַר), H8269 (שַׂר)
V) rrx (סרר SRR) - I. Rule:To make others turn in the direction of the ruler. [df: rrV]II. Turn:To turn away from the correct path toward another direction. KJV (22): (vf: Paal) rule, prince, altogether, rebellious, stubborn, revolter, revolting, backslide, away, withdrew - Strongs: H5637 (סָרַר), H8323 (שָׂרַר)
C) rxa (אסר ASR) AC: Bind CO: ? AB: ?: The yoke is bound to the neck of the oxen and used by the driver to turn the head of the oxen. A yoke was also used for prisoners. A binding of someone or something to move it by force.
V) rfx (סור SWR) - I. Remove:In the sense of turning something away. [df: rwV]II. Rule:To turn the heads of the people. KJV (305): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hophal) away, depart, remove, aside, take, turn, take, go, put, eschew, reign, power, prince - Strongs: H5493 (שׂוּר), H7786 (שׂוּר), H7787 (שׂוּר)
V) rxi (יסר YSR) - Correct: To make a change in direction through instruction or chastisement. KJV (9): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) chastise, instruct, correct, taught, bound, punish, reform, reprove - Strongs: H3256 (יָסַר)
- A2345 Rxm (Commit)
- A2504 Brx (Brier)
- A2505 Crx (Wrap, Branch)
- A2506 Drx (Remain, Remnant)
- A2507 Hrx (Exceed)
- A2509 Krx (Twist, Lace)
- A2510 Xrx (Castrate, Eunuch)
- A2511 Orx (Exceed)
- A2758 Nzr (Rule, Prince)
- A2776 Nxr (Halter)
- A3041 Dprx ()
- A3023 Rxpu ()
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect suffix אֲסָרָם Job 36:13; 3 feminine singular אָֽסְרָה Numbers 30:5 +, etc.; Imperfect יֶאְסֹר 1 Kings 20:14; וַיֶּאֱסֹר Genesis 42:24; וַיֶּאְסֹר Genesis 46:29 +; plural suffix יַאַסְרֻנִי Judges 16:7 etc.; Imperative אֱסֹר 1 Kings 18:44; 2 Kings 9:21; אִסְרוּ Jeremiah 46:4; Psalm 118:27; Infinitive absolute אָסֹר Judges 15:13; אָסוֺר Judges 16:11; construct לָאְסֹר Numbers 30:3 +; לָאֱסוֺר Judges 15:10; לֶאֱסָרְךָ Judges 15:12; אָסְרָם Hosea 10:10; Participle active construct אֹסְרִי Genesis 49:11; passive אָסור Genesis 40:3 +; plural אֲסוּרִים Genesis 39:20 +; also Judges 16:21,25 Qr (Kt אסירים); הָסוּרִים Ecclesiastes 4:14 (compare Now); אֲסֻרוֺת 2 Samuel 3:34; construct אסורי Genesis 39:20 Kt (Qr אֲסִירֵי); —
1 tie, bind, for security, foal to vine (followed by ל) Genesis 49:11 (blessing of Jacob); horses and asses 2 Kings 7:10 (twice in verse); Psalm 118:27 is dubious De bind the festal victim with cords; Che bind the procession with branches, etc.
2 tie, harness, kine to (ב) cart 1 Samuel 6:7,10; so (metaphor) Hosea 10:10 harness them to (ל) their two iniquities (but Jerome Ew Now make ׳א here = יסר chastise, compare אֶסֳּרֵם v a); also followed by accusative chariot Genesis 46:29 (J) Exodus 14:6 (E) 2 Kings 9:21; absolute 1 Kings 18:44; 2 Kings 9:21; even of making ready chargers הַסּוּסִים׳א Jeremiah 46:4 ("" עֲלוּ הַמָּרָשִׁים).
3 bind, with cords, fetters, etc., as prisoner, Simeon Genesis 42:24 (E), Samson Judges 15:10,12,13 (3t. in verse); Judges 16:5,7,8,11 (twice in verse); Judges 16:12; בַּנְחֻשְׁתַּיִם׳א 2 Kings 25:7 2 Chronicles 36:6 = Jeremiah 39:7; Jeremiah 52:11; also 2 Chronicles 33:11; compare (without ׳בַּנ) 2 Kings 17:4 (בֵּית בֶּלָא׳א "" עָצַת), 2 Kings 23:33; compare of divine chastisement Job 36:13 & see also Ezekiel 3:25; Psalm 149:8; figurative of absolute authority Psalm 105:22; especially Passive participle 2 Samuel 3:34 thy hands were not bound ("" and thy feet not put in fetters); בָּאֿזִקִּים׳א Jeremiah 40:1 compare בַּזִּקִּים׳א Job 36:8 (probably figurative "" חַבְלֵיעֹֿ֑נִי); metaphor of king held captive by a woman's tresses Song of Solomon 7:6; perhaps = imprisoned (whether bound or not) Genesis 39:20; Genesis 40:3,5 (all J E); as substantive plural prisoners Genesis 39:20 (Kt, see above); so (late) as distressed, & object of divine compassion Isaiah 49:9; Isaiah 61:1; Psalm 146:7; בֵּית האסי֯רים prison Judges 16:21,25; compare Ecclesiastes 4:14.
4 gird (rare & late) אֵזוֺר בְּמָתְנֵיהֶם׳א Job 12:18 (אֵזוֺר = slaves' waistcloth, RS p. 25 above; Hoffm reads וַיָּסַר for וַיֶּאְסֹר); חַרְבּוֺ אֲסוּרִים עַלמָֿתְנָיו Nehemiah 4:12.
5 followed by מִלְחָמָה begin the battle, make the attack (compare German mit jemandem anbinden) 1 Kings 20:14; 2 Chronicles 13:3.
6 figurative of obligation of oath or vow (only Numbers 30, P) עַלנֶֿפֶשׁ׳א, usually followed by accusative of congnate meaning with verb אֱסָר, אִסָּר Numbers 30:3; Numbers 30:5 (twice in verse); Numbers 30:6; Numbers 30:8; Numbers 30:9; Numbers 30:11; Numbers 30:12; without אֱסָר etc., Numbers 30:7; Numbers 30:10; compare Numbers 30:4 אִסָּר׳א (עַלנֶֿפֶשׁ omitted)
Niph`al passive of Qal 3, be, bound, imprisoned, Imperfect (jussive) יֵאָסֵר Genesis 42:19 (E); 2 masculine singular תֵּאָסֵר Judges 16:6,10,13 (of Samson); Imperative הֵאָֽסְרוּ Genesis 42:16 (E).
Pu`al Perfect be taken prisoner אֻסְּרוּ Isaiah 22:3; אֻסָּ֑רוּ ib.
noun masculine Judges 15:14 band, bond (Aramaic אֱסוּר, ; on the form see Ges§ 84 a 12. R.) אֲסוּרָיו, of Samson Judges 15:14; אֲסוּרִים Ecclesiastes 7:26 of hands of evil woman; בֵּית הָאֵסוּר = prison Jeremiah 37:15.
אָסַר future יֶאְסֹר and יֶאֱסֹר with suffix וַיַאַסְרֵהוּ, וַיַּאַסְרֻהוּ
(1) to bind, to make fast, to bind to any thing, cognate to the root אָזַר and other verbs of binding which are collected under that root. (Ch. אֲסַר Syr. ܐܶܣܰܪ, Arab. أَسَرَ. Eth. አሰረ፡ and አሠረ፡ id.) Ex. gr. a beast of burden, Genesis 49:11 a sacrifice, Psalms 118:27 a sword to the thigh, Nehemiah 4:12 any one with cords, Ezekiel 3:25. Hence
(2) to bind, put in bonds, Genesis 42:24, viz. with fetters, Psal. 149:8 Jeremiah 40:1; 2 Kings 25:7. Part. אָסוּר bound, Psalms 146:7 metaph. used of a man taken with the love of a woman, Song of Solomon 7:6.
(3) to make captive, to hold in prison, although not bound, 2 Kings 17:4, 23:33. Part. אָסוּר a prisoner, Genesis 40:3, Genesis 40:5; Isaiah 49:9. בֵּית הָאֲסוּרִים “house of prisoners,” i.e. prison, Judges 16:21, 25 Judges 16:25 contr, בֵּית הָסוּרִים Ecclesiastes 4:14. (Arab. أَسَرَ id., أُسْرُ captivity.)
(4) to bind, or fasten animals to a vehicle. 1 Samuel 6:7, וַאֲסַרַתֶּס אֶת־הַפָּרוֹת בָּעֲגָלָה “and bind the kine to the cart;” verse 10 1 Samuel 6:10 either with an acc. of the vehicle, to harness a chariot, Genesis 46:29, or else absol. 1 Kings 18:44, אֱסֹר וָרֵר “bind (the chariot to the horses) and go down.”
(5) [“properly to bind on, to join, hence אָסַר אֶת־הַמִּלְחָמָה”], to join battle, den Streit anfädeln, mit jemandem anbinden, to begin the fight; 1 Kings 20:14; 2 Chronicles 13:3.
(6) אָסַר אִסָּר עַל־נַפְשׁוֹ to bind a bond, or prohibition upon oneself, i.e. to bind oneself with a vow of abstinence, promising to abstain from certain things otherwise permitted; Numbers 30:3, seq. It differs from נָדַר נֶדֶר, which is to vow to do or to perform something. (Ch. אֲסַר to prohibit, to forbid; Syr. ܐܣܪ ܘܫܪܐ to bind and to loose, also to prohibit and to permit.)
(1) to be bound, Judges 16:6, 13 Judges 16:13.
(2) to be kept in prison, Genesis 42:16, 19 Genesis 42:19.
Pual, to be taken in war, made captive, Isaiah 22:3.
Derivatives, besides those that follow, אֵסוּר, אָסִיר, אַסִּיר, מָסֹרֶת, מוֹסֵרִים.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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