the Fifth Week of Lent
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #4024 - περιζώννυμι
- to fasten garments with a girdle or belt
- to gird one's self
- metaph. with truth as a girdle
- to equip one's self with knowledge of the truth
gird upon a person, π. τὸ ξίφος [τινί ] J. AJ 6.9.4, cf. App. Hann. 20, Nonn. D. 40.460 (prob. l.); gird, τὸ παιδίον prob. in Ruf. ap. Orib. inc. 20.1: — more freq. in Med. with pf. Pass., gird oneself with, ᾤαν λουτρίδα Theopomp. Com. 37; ἐσθῆτα, τήβεννον, Plu. Romans 16:1-27, Cor. 9; γυμνὸς ὢν τοῦτον τὸν ἄνδρα περιεζώσατο put him on as a defence, παρ' ὑπόνοιαν for ἐπίτροπον ἐποιήσατο, Ar. Pax 687; περιεζῶσθαι τὴν φορβειάν to have their halter girded round them. Arist. Pol. 1324b16: c. dat., - ζώσασθαι τοῖς ἐντέροις τινός Phld. Ir. p.26 W.:abs., Κλέων . . περιζωσάμενος ἐδημηγόρησε Arist. Ath. 28.3; π. κοσμίως ἄνωθεν καὶ κάτωθεν Sor. 1.70a; of a cook, περιεζωσμένος with his apron on, Alex. 174.11, cf. Anaxandr. 41.12 (anap.); αἱ νῆτται περιεζωσμέναι ἐπλινθοφόρουν Ar. Av. 1148; of athletes, Paus. 1.44.1; of a dancer, Plb. 30.22.10 .
περιζωννύω, or περιζώννυμι: middle, 1 future περιζώσομαι; 1 aorist imperative περίζωσαι, participle περιζωσάμενος; perfect passive participle περιεζωσμένος; to gird around (περί, III. 1); to fasten garments with a girdle: τήν ὀσφύν, to fasten one's clothing about the loins with a girdle (Jeremiah 1:17), passive, Luke 12:35. Middle to gird oneself: absolutely, Luke 12:37; Luke 17:8; Acts 12:8 Rec.; τήν ὀσφύν ἐν ἀλήθεια, with truth as a girdle, figuratively equivalent to to equip oneself with knowledge of the truth, Ephesians 6:14; with an accusative of the thing with which one girds himself (often so in the Sept., as σάκκον, Jeremiah 4:8; Jeremiah 6:26; Lamentations 2:10; στολήν δόξης, Sir. 45:7; and in tropical expressions, δύναμιν, εὐφροσύνην, 1 Samuel 2:4; Psalm 17:33
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περι -ζώννυμι and -ύω
(v. Veitch, s.v.),
[in LXX chiefly for H2296, also for H247, etc.;]
to gird (c. dupl, acc, as ὁ περιζωννύων με δύναμιν , Psalms 18:32): pass., αἱ ὀσφύες περιεζωσμέναι , Luke 12:35; Papyri ζώνην χρυσῆν , Revelation 1:13; Revelation 15:6 (but v. infr.). Mid., to gird oneself: Luke 12:37; Luke 17:8 (and so perh. Re, ll. c. supr., cf. 1 Samuel 2:4); c. acc rei (fig.), τ . ὀσφύν , Ephesians 6:14 (seq. ἐν , cf. 1 Chronicles 15:27).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
";covetousness,"; in P Par 63.68 (B.C. 164) (= P Petr III. p. 24) μηδεμιᾶς ἐν τούτοις μήτε φιλοτιμίας, μήτε πλεονεξίας γενηθείσης keeps company with φιλοτιμία, which here represents a ";grasping ambition"; : cf. PSI V. 446.9 (A.D. 133–7) τὸ δὲ στρατ [ι ]ωτικὸν ἐπὶ πλεονεξίᾳ καὶ ἀδικίᾳ λ ̣α ̣μ ̣βά [ν ]εσθαι συνβέβηκε. In Musonius p. 72.9 (ed. Hense) it is linked with βία —ἅπερ ἀπὸ βίας καὶ πλεονεξίας πέφυκε ζῆν, and in ib. p. 90.10 it accompanies ἡδονή —ὁ θεὸς. . . ἀήττητος μὲν ἡδονῆς, ἀήττητος δὲ πλεονεξίας, a remarkable parallel to the NT association with sins of the flesh, based on a saying of Jesus (Mark 7:22) and repeated by at least three different NT writers (1 Corinthians 5:10, Hebrews 13:4 f. , 2 Peter 2:14). Bunyan’s instinct rightly made Pickthank name together among Beelzebub’s friends ";my old Lord Lechery, Sir Having Greedy, with all the rest of our nobility."; See also Exp T xxxvi. p. 478 f.
That πλεονεξία is a true vernacular word may be illustrated by its appearance in the illiterate P Fay 124.24 (ii/A.D.) μετάμελόν σ [ο ]ι πάλειν εἰσο [ίσ ]ει ἡ πλεονεξ [ί ]α σου, ";your cupidity will again cause you regret"; (Edd.) : cf. P Oxy XII. 1469.4 (A.D. 298) ἐπείπερ ἐὰν πλεονεξία τις προχωρήσῃ καθ᾽ [ή ]μῶν δι᾽ ἀδυναμείαν ἀνα ̣πο ̣στατοι καταστη [σ ]όμεθα, ";since, if any advantage of us is taken, our weakness will leave us no escape"; (Edd.)—a petition of certain village-representatives against a subordinate official, and ib. I. 67.19 (A.D. 338) εἵν᾽ οὕτως διχθῇ [αὐ ]τῶν ἡ καθ᾽ ἡμῶν [πλεο ]νεξία, ";in this way their aggression against me will be made clear"; (Edd.)—a dispute concerning property. For the word in a good sense cf. Epict. ii. 10. 9. In Syll 418 (= .3 888).133 (A.D. 238) πλεονεκτήματα are simply ";advantages,"; with ἐλαττώματα in antithesis.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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