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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #05637 - סָרַר
1) to rebel, be stubborn, be rebellious, be refractory
1a1) to be stubborn
1a2) stubborn, rebel (substantive)
1342) rx (סר SR) AC: Rule CO: Ruler AB: Noble: The pictograph x is a picture of a thorn representing a turning, the r is a picture of a head. Combined these mean "turn the head". The turning of the head to another direction. One who rules turns the people to his direction. The turning the head of the child or student into a particular direction.
Nm) rx (סר SR) - I. Noble:One who has authority. [df: rV]II. Heavy:The weight of responsibility on one in authority. KJV (424): prince, captain, chief, ruler, governor, keeper, principal, general, lord, heavy, sad - Strongs: H5620 (סַר), H8269 (שַׂר)
V) rrx (סרר SRR) - I. Rule:To make others turn in the direction of the ruler. [df: rrV]II. Turn:To turn away from the correct path toward another direction. KJV (22): (vf: Paal) rule, prince, altogether, rebellious, stubborn, revolter, revolting, backslide, away, withdrew - Strongs: H5637 (סָרַר), H8323 (שָׂרַר)
C) rxa (אסר ASR) AC: Bind CO: ? AB: ?: The yoke is bound to the neck of the oxen and used by the driver to turn the head of the oxen. A yoke was also used for prisoners. A binding of someone or something to move it by force.
V) rfx (סור SWR) - I. Remove:In the sense of turning something away. [df: rwV]II. Rule:To turn the heads of the people. KJV (305): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hophal) away, depart, remove, aside, take, turn, take, go, put, eschew, reign, power, prince - Strongs: H5493 (שׂוּר), H7786 (שׂוּר), H7787 (שׂוּר)
V) rxi (יסר YSR) - Correct: To make a change in direction through instruction or chastisement. KJV (9): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) chastise, instruct, correct, taught, bound, punish, reform, reprove - Strongs: H3256 (יָסַר)
- A2345 Rxm (Commit)
- A2504 Brx (Brier)
- A2505 Crx (Wrap, Branch)
- A2506 Drx (Remain, Remnant)
- A2507 Hrx (Exceed)
- A2509 Krx (Twist, Lace)
- A2510 Xrx (Castrate, Eunuch)
- A2511 Orx (Exceed)
- A2758 Nzr (Rule, Prince)
- A2776 Nxr (Halter)
- A3041 Dprx ()
- A3023 Rxpu ()
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular יִשְׂרָאֵל׳ס Hosea 4:16 Israel is stubborn; Participle active בֵּן סוֺרֵר וּמוֺרֶה Deuteronomy 21:18, compare Deuteronomy 21:20; בָּנִיםסוֺרְרִים Isaiah 30:1, עַם סוֺרֵר Isaiah 65:2, וּמֹרֶה׳דּוֺר ס Psalm 78:8 (all of Israel); וּמוֺרֶה׳לֵב מ Jeremiah 5:23; מָּרָה סֹרֵרָ֔ה Hosea 4:16 (simile of Israel, see above); as predicate שָׂרֵיהֶםסוֺרְרִים Hosea 9:15 compare Isaiah 1:23; סָרֵי סוֺרְרִים Jeremiah 6:28 revolters among the rebellious (? compare סור
Qal near the end, and סַר below); of loose woman הֹמִיָּסה הִיאוְסוֺרָ֑רֶת Proverbs 7:11; as substantive = the stubborn, Psalm 66:7; Psalm 68:7; Psalm 68:19; feminine singular וַיִּתְּנוּ כָתֵף סֹרֶ֫רֶת Nehemiah 9:29 and they presented a stubborn shoulder (of Israel) = Zechariah 7:11 (סֹרָ֑רֶת).
(1) to be refractory, stubborn; pr. used of refractory beasts (kindred root סוּר). Only in the part. [except Hosea 4:16 ] סֹרֵר f. סֹרֶרֶת refractory, stubborn; used of an untamed cow, Hosea 4:16 of a son who refuses to submit to his parents, Deuteronomy 21:18, 20 Deuteronomy 21:20; Psalms 78:8; Jeremiah 5:23 of a woman who has cast off restraint and indulges in lusts Proverbs 7:11 of the people of Israel, Isaiah 1:23, 30:1 65:2 Psalms 68:19; Hosea 9:15. From the idea of stubborn animals shaking the yoke off from their shoulders, is taken the phrase נָתַן כָּתֵף סֹרֶרֶת to give a refractory shoulder, i.e. to be stubborn, Nehemiah 9:29; Zechariah 7:11. There is a paronomasia in Jeremiah 6:28, סָרֵי סֹרְרִים “those fallen away to the stubborn.”
(2) to be evil, i.q. Arab. شَرَّ. Hence סַר.