the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #6633 - צָבָא
1) to go forth, wage war, fight, serve
1a1) to wage war, fight, go forth to war
1a2) to serve (at sacred tent)
1b) (Hiphil) to cause to go forth, muster
1393) by (תסב TsB) AC: Stand CO: Wall AB: ?: The pictograph y is a picture of a man on his side, the b is a picture of a tent. Combined these mean "side of the tent". The walls of the tent enclose what is inside. The tent walls stand firm and strong, protecting it from the harsh elements. As the family swells in size, the tent walls are enlarged.
A) by (תסב TsB) AC: ? CO: Wall AB: ?
Nm ) by (תסב TsB) - I. Wagon:A walled wagon for transport. II. Tortoise:From its shell as a wagon. KJV (3): covered, litter, tortoise - Strongs: H6632 (צָב)
am) bym (מתסב MTsB) - Garrison: The walled in army. [df: bun] KJV (10): garrison, station, stood - Strongs: H4673 (מַצָּב)
af1 ) ebym (מתסבה MTsBH) - Garrison: The walled in army. KJV (2): garrison, army - Strongs: H4675 (מַצָּבָה)
fm) iby (תסבי TsBY) - I. Gazelle:An animal of a herd as an army. II. Beauty:The beauty and grace of the gazelle. KJV (32): roe, roebuck, glory, glorious, beautiful, beauty, goodly, pleasant - Strongs: H6643 (צְבִי)
ff1) eiby (תסביה TsBYH) - Gazelle: A female gazelle. KJV (2): roe - Strongs: H6646 (צְבִיָּה)
rm) fby (תסבו TsBW) - Purpose: [Unknown connection to root; Aramaic only] KJV (1): purpose - Strongs: H6640 (צְבוּ)
E) aby (תסבא TsBA) AC: Muster CO: Army AB: ?: The mustering of an army as a wall of protection.
V) aby (תסבא TsBA) - I. Muster:To gather for service, work or war. [Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Will:Ones desires. [Aramaic only] KJV (23): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) fight, assemble, muster, war, perform, wait, will - Strongs: H6633 (צָבָא), H6634 (צְבָה)
Nm) aby (תסבא TsBA) - Army: KJV (485): host, war, army, battle, service - Strongs: H6635 (צְבָאָה)
H) eby (תסבה TsBH) AC: Swell CO: ? AB: ?: As the family grows the tent is enlarged and seen as a swelling of the tent.
V) eby (תסבה TsBH) - Swell: KJV (3): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) swell, fight - Strongs: H6638 (צָבָה)
Nm) eby (תסבה TsBH) - Swelling: KJV (1): swell - Strongs: H6639 (צָבֶה)
L) byi (יתסב YTsB) AC: Stand CO: ? AB: Truth: A standing firm and fast as a wall.
V) byi (יתסב YTsB) - Stand: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (49): (vf: Hitpael) stand, present, set, withstand, remain, resort, truth - Strongs: H3320 (יָצַב), H3321 (יְצַב)
bm) biyi (יתסיב YTsYB) - Truth: What stands firm. [Aramaic only] KJV (5): true, truth, certainty, certain - Strongs: H3330 (יַצִּיב)
- A2033 Ryb (Gather, Fence)
- A2426 Byn (Stand, Pillar)
- A2654 Uby (Grasp)
- A2656 Rby (Pile, Pile)
- A2657 Tby (Handful)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect 3 masculine plural צבְאוּ Exodus 38:8; Zechariah 14:12; Imperfect 3 masculine plural יִצְבְּאוּ Numbers 31:7; Infinitive construct לִצְבֹּא Isaiah 31:4; לִצְבאֹ Numbers 4:23; Numbers 8:24; Participle plural צֹבְאִים Numbers 31:42; Isaiah 29:7,8; suffix צֹבֶיהָ Isaiah 29:7 (Ges§ 75oo; Di צָרֶיהָ); feminine plural צֹבְאֹת Exodus 38:8; צֹבְאוֺת 1 Samuel 2:22; —
1 wage war, fight, with עַל against, Numbers 31:7 (P) Isaiah 29:7,8; Isaiah 31:4; Zechariah 14:12, with suffix Isaiah 29:7 (?); absolute Numbers 31:42(P).
2 serve at sacred tent, Levites, with accusative צָבָא Numbers 4:23; Numbers 8:24 (P); women Exodus 38:8 (twice in verse) (P) 1 Samuel 2:22.
Hiph`il Participle ׳הַמַּצְבִּא אֶתעַֿם וגו 2 Kings 25:19 = Jeremiah 52:25 muster..
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צָבָא const. צְבָא plur. צְבָאוֹ m. (but twice however, with a fem. verb, Isaiah 40:2; Daniel 8:12).
(1) army, host, στρατός (pr. going forth to war), 2 Samuel 8:16, 10:7, and frequently. שַׂר הַצָּבָא leader of an army, Genesis 21:22. אַנְשֵׁי הַצָּבָא soldiers, Num. 31:53. יָצָא בַצָּבָה Deuteronomy 24:5. יָצָא לַצָּבָא Numbers 31:27, 28 Numbers 31:28 and what is of far more frequent occurrence יָצָא צָבָא Numbers 1:3, seqq., to go out to the host, i.e. to make war. Often also used of the (sacred) host of the Levites, Numbers 4:23, 35, 39, 43.
(a) צְבָא הַשָׁמַיִם the host of heaven is applied
(α) to the host of angels that stand round the throne of God (στρατιὰ οὐράνιος, Luke 2:13), 1 Kings 22:19; 2 Chronicles 18:18; Psalms 148:2 comp. צִבְאֵי יְיָ Psalms 103:21 and שַׂר צְבָא יְיָ Joshua 5:14, 15 Joshua 5:15 used of Jehovah himself [manifested in the person of the Son].
(β) used of the sun, moon, and stars (δυνάμεις τῶν οὐρανῶν, Matth. 24:29 ), Isaiah 34:4, 40:26 45:12 Jerem. 33:22 Daniel 8:10 often used when the worship of the stars is mentioned, Deuteronomy 4:19, 17:3 2 Kings 17:16, 21:3, 2 Kings 21:5; Zephaniah 1:5 it is sometimes so used that a special mention precedes of the sun and moon (Deuteronomy 17:3; Jeremiah 8:2), and even of the stars (Deuteronomy 4:19; Daniel 8:10); and this word is added as being more general, and comprehending all the heavenly bodies, as it were all the deities [?] of heaven (Daniel 4:32); compare Job 38:7 (where angels and stars are mentioned together); and Isaiah 24:21 (where the host of heaven, צְבָא הַמָּרוֹם, is in opposition to the kings of the earth). Once rather more boldly צָבָא (by zeugma) is applied also to the inhabitants of the earth, or rather to whatever fills the earth (elsewhere מְלֹא הָאָרֶץ), the plants even being included. Genesis 2:1, וַיְכֻלּוּ הַשָׁמַיִם וְהָאָרֶץ וְכָל־צְבָאָם, which, with the zeugma resolved, is thus explained in Nehemiah 9:6, הַשָׁמַיִם וְכָל צְבָאָם הָאָרֶץ וְכָל־אֲשֶׁר עָלֶיהָ; compare Exodus 20:11, הַשָׁמַיִם וְהָאָלֶץ … וְכָל אֲשֶׁר בָּם. Hence Jehovah is very often called
(b) אֱלֹהִים צְבָאוֹ Psalms 80:15 יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי צְבָאוֹ Jeremiah 5:14, 15:16 38:17 44:7 יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהִים צְבָאוֹ Psalms 59:6, 80:5 and יְהֹוָה צְבָאוֹ “Jehovah (God) of the heavenly hosts” (a construction which I have noticed on Isaiah 1:9); this appellation of the most high God, is very frequent in the prophetical books, especially in Isaiah, Jeremiah, Zechariah, Malachi; never found in the Pentateuch [nor in Joshua] nor Judges [nor in Ezekiel, Job, or Solomon]. As to the meaning of the phrase, compare Joshua 5:14, 15 Joshua 5:15 although the Hebrew writers seem sometimes to have regarded God as the leader and patron of the host of Israel [as of course he was], see 1 Samuel 17:45 compare 2 Samuel 5:24. In the later books of the Old Test. God is called, in the same sense אֱלֹהֵי 0ָ91השָׁמַיִם, אֱלָהּ שְׁמַיָּא; see שָׁמַיִם. LXX. commonly παντοκράτωρ.
(2) warfare, almost always figuratively used of a wretched and miserable condition, Job 7:1, 10:17 14:14 Isaiah 40:2; Daniel 10:1, “and the edict is true וְצָבָא גָרוֹל and (belongs to) a long warfare,” to many calamities to be endured.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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