the Week of Proper 3 / Ordinary 8
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #1754 - ἐνεργέω
- to be operative, be at work, put forth power
- to work for one, aid one
- to effect
- to display one's activity, show one's self operative
1. to be in action or activity, operate, Arist. Rh. 1411b26; εὐδαίμων ὁ κατ' ἀρετὴν τελείαν -ῶν Id. EN 1101a15: c. acc., ἐνεργεῖς ποσὸν καὶ δυάδα Plot. 6.6.16; esp. of divine or supernatural action, freq. in NT., τινί, ἔν τινι, Galatians 2:8, Matthew 14:2 : — Med., Romans 7:5, al.
2. to be efficacious, of drugs, Diocl.Fr. 147, Dsc. 1.98, al.; ἐοικότα ἐ. ib.106; ἐνήργησε τὸ φάρμακον Plot. 6.1.22; to be effective, of troops, ταῖς σαρίσαις Ael. Tact. 14.6: — Pass., to be the object of action, Arist. de An. 427a7, Ph. 195b28; ὁ ἐνεργούμενος λίθος IG 7.3073.108 (Lebad.); also, to be actualized, Plot. 3.7.11.
II trans., effect, execute, πάντα κατὰ δύναμιν Plb. 18.14.8; τὰ τοῦ πολέμου Id. 7.5.8; χρείαν Ath.Mech. 14.2, cf. Aristid. Quint. 2.9: — Pass., to be actively carried on, ὁ πόλεμος ἐνηργεῖτο Plb. 1.13.5, cf. D.S. 20.95; τὰ κατὰ πρόθεσιν ἐνεργούμενα things executed, Plb. 9.12.7; μηδὲν ἐνέργημα.. ἐνεργείσθω M.Ant. 4.2.
III Medic., of sexual intercourse, τὴν τοιαύτην πρᾶξιν -οῦσι μετρίως Diocl.Fr. 141, cf. Cat.Cod.Astr. 8(4).176: euphem. for βινεῖν, in opere esse, Theoc. 4.61; ἐ. τινά Alciphr. 3.55; ἐρωτικόν τι Id. 1.39. operate, in surgery, Orib. 45.18.5, Paul.Aeg. 6.73; ὁ ἐνεργῶν, ὁ ἐνεργούμενος, the surgeon, the patient, Gal. 18(2).626,683.
ἐνεργέω, ἐνέργω; 1 aorist ἐνήργησα; perfect ἐνήργηκα (Ephesians 1:20 L T WH text Tr marginal reading); (ἐνεργός (see ἐνεργής));
1. intransitive, to be operative, be at work, put forth power: followed by ἐν with the dative of person, Matthew 14:2; Mark 6:14; Ephesians 2:2; followed by the dative of advantage (dative commodi; (cf. Lightfoot on Galatians, as below)), to work for one, aid one, εἰς τί, unto (the accomplishing of) something (Winer's Grammar, 397 (371)): εἰς ἀποστολήν, unto the assumption (or discharge) of the apostolic office; εἰς τά ἔθνη, equivalent to εἰς ἀποστολήν (cf. Winers Grammar, § 66, 2 d.; Buttmann, § 147, 8) τῶν ἐθνῶν, Galatians 2:8.
2. transitive, to effect: τί, 1 Corinthians 12:11; (Ephesians 1:11); ἐνεργεῖν ἐνέργειαν, Ephesians 1:19f; τί ἐν τίνι, the dative of person, 1 Corinthians 12:6 (Buttmann, 124 (109)); Galatians 3:5; Philippians 2:13.
3. Middle, present ἐνεργοῦμαι; (imperfect ἐνηργουμην); (not found in the O. T. or in secular auth, and in the N. T. used only by Paul and James (cf. Lightfoot on Galatians, as below)); it is used only of things (cf. Winers Grammar, § 38, 6 at the end; (Buttmann, 193 (167))), to display one's activity, show oneself operative: (2 Thessalonians 2:7 (see μυστήριον, 2 at the end)); followed by ἐν with the dative of the thing, where, Romans 7:5; ἐν with the dative of the condition, 2 Corinthians 1:6; ἐν with the dative of person in whose mind a thing shows itself active, 2 Corinthians 4:12; Ephesians 3:20; Colossians 1:29; 1 Thessalonians 2:13; followed by διά with the genitive of thing, Galatians 5:6. In James 5:16 ἐνεργουμένη does not have the force of an adjective, but gives the reason why the δέησις of a righteous man has outward success, viz. as due to the fact that it exhibits its activity (works) (inwardly), i. e. is solemn and earnest. (The active (and passive) in Greek writings from Aristotle down.) (On this word cf. (besides Lightfoot on Galatians 2:8; Galatians 5:6) Fritzsche and Vaughan on Romans 7:5; Ellicott on Galatians, 2:8.)
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ἐνεργέω , -ῶ ,
[in LXX: Numbers 8:24 B (H5656 H6635), Isaiah 41:4, Proverbs 21:6 (H6466), Proverbs 31:12 (H1580), 1 Esdras 2:20, Wisdom of Solomon 15:11; Wisdom of Solomon 16:17*;]
(for full lexical treatment, v. AR, Eph., 243 ff.);
1. intrans., to be at work or in action, to operate (opp. to ἀργέω ): seq. ἐν , c. dat. pers., Matthew 14:2, Mark 6:14, Ephesians 2:2; c. dat. pers., seq. εἰς (Lft., in l), Galatians 2:8.
2. Trans., to work, effect, do: c. acc rei, 1 Corinthians 12:11, Ephesians 1:11; id, seq. ἐν , c. dat. pers., 1 Corinthians 12:6, Galatians 3:5, Philippians 2:13; ἐ . ἐνέργειαν , Ephesians 1:19-20 Pass. (taken as mid. by Lft., Ga., 204 f.; but v. AR, Eph., l.c.; Milligan, Th., 28 f.; Mayor, Ja., 177 ff.), in NT, "always used of some principle or power at work" (Meyer), to be actuated, set in operation: 2 Thessalonians 2:7; seq. ἐν , Romans 7:5, 2 Corinthians 1:6; 2 Corinthians 4:12, Ephesians 3:20, Colossians 1:29, 1 Thessalonians 2:13; seq. διά , c. gen. rei, Galatians 5:6; ἐνεργουμένη (M, Pr., 156), James 5:16 (Cremer, 262).†
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ἐνεργέω seems always to have the idea of effective working : see s.v. ἐνέργεια, and cf. Robinson Eph. p. 241 ff. The verb has begun in later Greek to be followed by a direct obj. in the acc. (cf. Proleg. p. 65), as in P Oxy XII. 1567 (iv/A.D.) according to the editors’ alternative reading—εἰ Θαεὶς εὗρεν τοῦτο τὸ τετράποδων (l.—δον), ἐνεργήτω (l.—είτω) τοῦτό μοι ἔξω. For the intrans. use see P Giss I. 78.4 (ii/A.D.) καλῶς δὲ ποιήσεις καὶ περὶ τὰ λοιπὰ ἐνεργήσασα, Vett. Val. p. 226.2 ἐνεργήσει πρὸς τὸ ἀγαθὸν ἢ φαῦλον : cf. Galatians 2:8, where, however, the trans. of Πέτρῳ is uncertain, either ";for Peter"; (RV), or perhaps better ";by Peter"; (Hort Christian Ecclesia, p. 85). On the possibility that in 1 Thessalonians 2:13 ἐνεργεῖται is pass. = ";is set in operation,"; see Milligan Thess. ad l., and for a similar usage of ἐνεργουμένη in James 5:16 see Proleg. p. 156, ExpT xxvi. p. 381 ff. From the inscrr. we may cite Syll 540.14 (B.C. 175–1) ἐνεργῶν τεχνίταις ἱκανοῖς κατὰ τὴν τέχνην, and .108 ποιῶν ὀρθὰ πάντα πρὸς κανόνα διηνεκῆ μὴ ἐλάττω τοῦ ἐνεργουμένου λίθου.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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