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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #5462 - סָגַר

Transliteration
sâgar
Phonetics
saw-gar'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
1462
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to shut, close

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to shut

1a2) to close, close up

1a3) closed up, closely joined, shut up

1b) (Niphal)

1b1) to be shut up

1b2) to be shut or closed

1c) (Piel) to shut up, deliver up

1d) (Pual) to be shut up

1e) (Hiphil)

1e1) to deliver up

1e2) to shut up, imprison

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 378 ‑ ἀναπληρόω (an‑ap‑lay‑ro'‑o);  2513 ‑ καθαρός (kath‑ar‑os');  2638 ‑ καταλαμβάνω (kat‑al‑am‑ban'‑o);  4886 ‑ σύνδεσμος (soon'‑des‑mos);  1808 ‑ ἐξαίρω (ex‑ah'ee‑ro);  3860 ‑ παραδίδωμι (par‑ad‑id'‑o‑mee);  873 ‑ ἀφορίζω (af‑or‑id'‑zo);  608 ‑ ἀποκλείω (ap‑ok‑li'‑o);  2808 ‑ κλείω (kli'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (93)
Genesis
4
Exodus
1
Leviticus
11
Numbers
2
Deuteronomy
2
Joshua
5
Judges
3
1 Samuel
11
2 Samuel
1
1 Kings
6
2 Kings
5
2 Chronicles
5
Nehemiah
2
Job
5
Psalms
8
Ecclesiastes
1
Isaiah
7
Jeremiah
1
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
7
Amos
3
Obadiah
1
Malachi
1
NAS (97)
Genesis
4
Exodus
1
Leviticus
11
Numbers
2
Deuteronomy
3
Joshua
5
Judges
3
1 Samuel
11
2 Samuel
1
1 Kings
6
2 Kings
5
2 Chronicles
5
Nehemiah
2
Job
7
Psalms
9
Ecclesiastes
1
Isaiah
7
Jeremiah
1
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
7
Amos
3
Obadiah
1
Malachi
1
HCS (91)
Genesis
4
Exodus
1
Leviticus
11
Numbers
2
Deuteronomy
2
Joshua
5
Judges
3
1 Samuel
10
2 Samuel
1
1 Kings
6
2 Kings
5
2 Chronicles
5
Nehemiah
2
Job
6
Psalms
6
Ecclesiastes
1
Isaiah
7
Jeremiah
1
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
7
Amos
3
Obadiah
1
Malachi
1
BSB (95)
Genesis
8
Exodus
1
Leviticus
11
Numbers
2
Deuteronomy
2
Joshua
5
Judges
3
1 Samuel
11
2 Samuel
1
1 Kings
6
2 Kings
5
2 Chronicles
5
Nehemiah
2
Job
5
Psalms
6
Ecclesiastes
1
Isaiah
7
Jeremiah
1
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
7
Amos
3
Obadiah
1
Malachi
1
ESV (86)
Genesis
4
Leviticus
11
Numbers
2
Deuteronomy
1
Joshua
5
Judges
3
1 Samuel
10
2 Samuel
1
1 Kings
6
2 Kings
5
2 Chronicles
5
Nehemiah
2
Job
5
Psalms
5
Ecclesiastes
1
Isaiah
7
Jeremiah
1
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
7
Amos
3
Malachi
1
WEB (94)
Genesis
4
Exodus
1
Leviticus
11
Numbers
2
Deuteronomy
2
Joshua
5
Judges
3
1 Samuel
11
2 Samuel
2
1 Kings
6
2 Kings
5
2 Chronicles
5
Nehemiah
2
Job
5
Psalms
8
Ecclesiastes
1
Isaiah
7
Jeremiah
1
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
7
Amos
3
Obadiah
1
Malachi
1
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2467) rcx (סגר SGR) AC: Shut CO: Cage AB: ?: [from: kx- an enclosure]

V) rcx (סגר SGR) - Shut: To shut or clse. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: rkV] KJV (96): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Pual, Piel) shut, deliver, pure, give, inclose, repair, close, stop, strait, together - Strongs: H5462 (סָגַר), H5463 (סְגַר), H5534 (סָכַר)

am ) rcxm (מסגר MSGR) - I. Prison:A place for shutting up. II. Smith:As one who makes shackles for prisoners. KJV (7): smith, prison - Strongs: H4525 (מַסְגֵּר)

cm) rfcx (סגור SGWR) - I. Enclosure:As shut in. II. Gold:[Unknown connection to root;] KJV (2): gold, caul - Strongs: H5458 (סְגוֹר)

hf2) trcxm (מסגרת MSGRT) - Border: The area that encloses a people. KJV (17): border, close, hole - Strongs: H4526 (מִסְגֶּרֶת)

om) rcfx (סוגר SWGR) - Cage: As shut in. KJV (1): ward - Strongs: H5474 (סוּגַר)

lbm) rircx (סגריר SGRYR) - Heavy rain: [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (1): rainy - Strongs: H5464 (סַגְרִיר)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2022
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

סָגַר fut. יִסְגֹּר (kindred to the verb סָכַר), to shut; followed by an acc. (a door, a gate), 1 Samuel 1:5; Job 3:10; Genesis 19:6, 10 Genesis 19:10; 1 Kings 11:27 followed by בְּעַר (prop. to shut around; see בְּעַד No. 3, ). 1 Samuel 1:6, כִּי־סָגַר יְהֹוָה בְּעַד רַחְמָהּ “for Jehovah had shut up her womb;” followed by עַל Exodus 14:3, סָגַר עֲלֵיהֶם הַמִּדְבָּר “the desert has shut them in,” or around (see עַל Job 26:9, 36:30 ). Job 12:14, יִסְגֹּר עַל־אִישׁ “he shuts over a man” (sc. a subterranean prison); followed by לִקְרַאת a pregnant construction, Psalms 35:3, “make bare the spear וּסְגֹר לִקְרַאת רֹדְפַי and shut up (the way) to my persecutors;” (in this passage not a few interpreters have taken סְגֹר or סְגוֹר to be a subst., signifying sagaris, by comparison with σάγαρις, Herod. vii. 64; and Arabic شجار a wooden spear; but for this there is no need). Absol. Genesis 7:16, “and Jehovah shut (the door) upon him,” Isaiah 22:22. Joshua 6:1, וִירִיחוֹ סֹגֶרֶת וּמְסֻגֶּרֶת “and Jericho had shut (the gates) and was bolted;” where Kal refers to the shut gates (opposed to open), Pu. as being intensitive, signifies their being fastened with bolts and bars. Vulg. Jericho autem clausa erat atque munita. Chald. “and Jericho was shut up with iron doors, and made strong with bars of brass.” Part. pass. סָגוּר shut, Ezekiel 44:1, Ezekiel 44:2, 46:1 hence precious; hence זָהַב סָגוּר precious gold, i.e. pure, genuine, as opposed to common or adulterated, 1 Kings 6:20, 21 1 Kings 6:21, 7:49, 50 1 Kings 7:50, 10:21 2 Chronicles 4:20, 22 2 Chronicles 4:22, 9:20. Vulg. aurum purum; Chald. good gold. Others take it as aurum dendroides, from شجر a tree; but the previous explanation is the better.

Niphal, pass. of Kal, to be shut up; used of gates or doors, Isaiah 45:1 to be shut up, inclosed; used of men, Numbers 12:14, 15 Numbers 12:15; 1 Samuel 23:7 and reflex. to shut up oneself, Ezekiel 3:24.

Piel, סִגַּר i.q. Hiph. No. 2.

(1) to deliver; followed by בְּיַד פּ׳ into any one’s power (prop. to shut up into the power of any one; compare συγκλείω, Romans 11:32; Galatians 3:22 Diod. and Dionys. Halic.), 1 Samuel 17:46, 24:19 26:8 absol. 2 Samuel 18:28.

Pual, to be shut, Joshua 6:1 (see Kal); Isaiah 24:10; Jeremiah 13:19.

Hiphil

(1) to shut up, e.g. a house, Leviticus 14:38 to shut any one up, Leviticus 13:4, Leviticus 13:5, 11 Leviticus 13:11.

(2) i.q. Pi. to deliver up, Obadiah 1:14 followed by אֶל Deuteronomy 23:16 and בְּיַד 1 Samuel 23:11; Psalms 31:9; Lamentations 2:7 absol. to deliver into the power of others (Dreis geben) Deuteronomy 32:30; Amos 6:8 followed by לְ of pers. Psalms 78:48.

Derivatives, סְגוֹר, סוּגַר, מַסְגֵּר, מִסְגֶּרֶת.

II. סָגַר an unused root, Arab. سجر to fill with water, pass. to be swollen with water. Hence סַגְרִיר.

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List of Word Forms
הֲיַסְגִּ֜רוּ הֲיַסְגִּרֻ֣נִי הִ֭סְגַּרְתַּנִי הִסְגִּ֣יר הִסְגִּֽיר׃ הִסְגִּיר֙ הִסְגִּירָֽם׃ הִסָּגֵ֖ר הַסְגִּיר֖וֹ הַסְגִּירָ֞ם היסגרו היסגרני הסגיר הסגיר׃ הסגירו הסגירם הסגירם׃ הסגר הסגרתני וְהִסְגִּ֥יר וְהִסְגִּ֧יר וְהִסְגִּ֨יר וְהִסְגִּיר֥וֹ וְהִסְגִּיר֧וֹ וְהִסְגַּרְתִּ֖י וְיִסְגֹּ֣ר וְיַסְגִּ֑יר וְנִסְגְּרָה֙ וְסָגַ֖ר וְסָגַ֤רְתְּ וְסָגַ֥ר וְסֻגְּר֖וּ וְסֻגְּר֤וּ וַֽיִּסְגְּר֖וּ וַיִּסְגֹּ֖ר וַיִּסְגֹּ֞ר וַיִּסְגֹּ֤ר וַיִּסְגֹּ֥ר וַיִּסָּגְר֣וּ וַיַּסְגֵּ֣ר וַתִּסְגֹּ֣ר וַתִּסְגֹּ֥ר וַתִּסָּגֵ֥ר וּ֭סְגֹר וּֽסְגֹ֥ר וּמְסֻגֶּ֔רֶת והסגיר והסגירו והסגרתי ויסגיר ויסגר ויסגרו ומסגרת ונסגרה וסגר וסגרו וסגרת ותסגר יְסַגֶּרְךָ֩ יִסְגֹּ֥ר יִסָּגֵ֑רוּ יִסָּגֵ֖ר יִסָּגֵֽרוּ׃ יַסְגִּ֥רוּ יַסְגִּֽירוּ׃ יַסְגִּירֵ֣נִי יַסְגִּרֶ֔נּוּ יסגירו׃ יסגירני יסגר יסגרו יסגרו׃ יסגרך יסגרנו לְהַסְגִּ֥יר לִסְגּ֗וֹר להסגיר לסגור נִסְגַּ֣ר נסגר סִגְּרַ֧נִי סִגְר֤וּ סִגַּ֨ר סִגַּר֙ סָ֝ג֗וּר סָ֭גַר סָּגְר֑וּ סָֽגְר֞וּ סָג֑וּר סָג֔וּר סָג֨וּר סָגַ֕ר סָגַ֥ר סָגָ֔רוּ סָגָֽרוּ׃ סָגֽוּר׃ סֹגֵ֔ר סֹגֶ֣רֶת סֻגְּר֖וּ סֻגַּ֥ר סגור סגור׃ סגר סגרו סגרו׃ סגרני סגרת תִּסָּגֵ֞ר תַּסְגִּרֵ֙נִי֙ תַּסְגֵּ֥ר תַסְגִּ֥יר תסגיר תסגר תסגרני hă·yas·gi·rū hă·yas·gi·ru·nî has·gî·rām has·gî·rōw hasgiRam hasgîrām hasgiRo hasgîrōw hayasGiru hăyasgirū hayasgiRuni hăyasgirunî his·gar·ta·nî his·gî·rām his·gîr his·sā·ḡêr Hisgartani hisgartanî hisGir hisgîr hisgiRam hisgîrām hissaGer hissāḡêr lə·has·gîr lehasGir ləhasgîr lis·gō·wr lisGor lisgōwr nis·gar nisgar sā·ḡā·rū sā·ḡar sā·ḡə·rū sā·ḡūr saGar sāḡar saGaru sāḡārū sageRu sāḡərū saGur sāḡūr sig·gar sig·gə·ra·nî siḡ·rū siggar siggeRani siggəranî sigRu siḡrū sō·ḡe·reṯ sō·ḡêr soGer sōḡêr soGeret sōḡereṯ sug·gar sug·gə·rū suggar suggeRu suggərū tas·gêr tas·gi·rê·nî ṯas·gîr tasGer tasgêr tasGir ṯasgîr tasgiReni tasgirênî tis·sā·ḡêr tissaGer tissāḡêr ū·mə·sug·ge·reṯ ū·sə·ḡōr umesugGeret ūməsuggereṯ Usegor ūsəḡōr vaiyasGer vaiyisgeRu vaiyisGor vaiyissageRu vattisGor vattissaGer vehisgarTi vehisGir vehisgiRo venisgeRah vesaGar vesaGart vesuggeRu veyasGir veyisGor wat·tis·gōr wat·tis·sā·ḡêr wattisgōr wattissāḡêr way·yas·gêr way·yis·gə·rū way·yis·gōr way·yis·sā·ḡə·rū wayyasgêr wayyisgərū wayyisgōr wayyissāḡərū wə·his·gar·tî wə·his·gî·rōw wə·his·gîr wə·nis·gə·rāh wə·sā·ḡar wə·sā·ḡart wə·sug·gə·rū wə·yas·gîr wə·yis·gōr wəhisgartî wəhisgîr wəhisgîrōw wənisgərāh wəsāḡar wəsāḡart wəsuggərū wəyasgîr wəyisgōr yas·gî·rê·nî yas·gi·ren·nū yas·gi·rū yas·gî·rū yasgiReni yasgîrênî yasgiRennu yasgirennū yasGiru yasgirū yasgîrū yə·sag·ger·ḵā yesaggerCha yəsaggerḵā yis·gōr yis·sā·ḡê·rū yis·sā·ḡêr yisGor yisgōr yissaGer yissāḡêr yissaGeru yissāḡêrū
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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