the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #4886 - σύνδεσμος
- that which binds together, a band, bond
- of ligaments by which the members of the human body are united together
- that which is bound together, a bundle
heterocl. pl. σύνδεσμα E. (v. infr.): —
that which binds together, bond of union, fastening, ξ. ἦν.. τὰ ξύλα, τοῦ μὴ ἀσθενὲς εἶναι τὸ οἰκοδόμημα Th. 2.75; ἀραρότως σύνδεσμα χρυσὸς εἶχε the golden headband kept its bonds firmly fixed, E. Med. 1193; ἁμμάτων σύνδεσμα fastenings of garments, Id. Ba. 697; οἱ περὶ [τὸ θύρωμα] ς. Aristeas 85; μελέων σύνδεσμα, of sinews or ligaments, E. Hipp. 199 (anap.), cf. Ti.Locr. 100b, Arist. PA 652a16, IA 712a2, Colossians 2:19, Sor. 2.57, Gal. 18(1).734.
2. metaph., bond of union; ὁ ς. τῆς πόλεως the bond that keeps the state together, of good citizens, Pl. R. 520a, cf. Plt. 310a; νόμος ὁ βοηθῶν.. τῷ τῆς πόλεως συνδέσμῳ Id. Lg. 921c; ς. τοῦ οὐρανοῦ Id. R. 616c; ς. τὰ τέκνα δοκεῖ εἶναι Arist. EN 1162a27; τὴν ἀγάπην, ὅ ἐστι ς. τῆς τελειότητος Colossians 3:14.
3. Gramm., conjunction, Arist. Rh. 1407a20; ς. ἓν ποιεῖ τὰ πολλά ib. 1413b32, cf. Rh.Al. 1434b13, Po. 1456b38, Chrysipp.Stoic. 2.45, D.T. 634.6, A.D. Conj. passim, Hermog. Id. 2.7.
II = cross σύνδεσις 1, Pl. Epin. 984c; συνδέσμῳ ἕν Arist. APo. 93b36, Metaph. 1045a13, cf. Int. 17a9.
III that which is bound together, bundle, ἐπιστολῶν Hdn. 4.12.6. conspiracy, LXX 4 Ki. 11.14, al. sodomy, ib. 3 Ki. 14.24. Astron., node, Eudox. Ars 18.13, Theo Sm. p.194 H., Cleom. 2.5, Ptol. Alm. 6.5.
2. Σ. the Knot, i.e. the star a Piscium, Hipparch. 1.11.20, Gem. 3.7, Id. Calend. 10, Ptol. Alm. 8.1.
3. Astrol., connexion of heavenly bodies, Vett.Val. 163.13, al.; of the moon, Paul.Al. S. 3.
σύνδεσμος, συνδεσμου, ὁ (συνδέω);
1. that which binds together, a band, bond: of the ligaments by which the members of the human body are united together (Euripides, Hipp. 199; Tim. Locr., p. 100 b. (i. e., 3, 3, p. 386, Bekker edition); Aristotle, h. a. 10, 7, 3, p. 638b, 9; Galen), Colossians 2:19 (where see Lightfoot); tropically: τῷ συνδέσμῳ τῆς εἰρήνης, i. e. τῇ εἰρήνη ὡς συνδέσμῳ, Ephesians 4:3 (σύνδεσμος εὐνοίας καί φιλίας, Plutarch, Numbers 6); ἥτις ἐστι σύνδεσμος τῆς τελειότητος, that in which all the virtues are so bound together that perfection is the result, and not one of them is lacking to that perfection, Colossians 3:14 (cf. Lightfoot at the passage). εἰς σύνδεσμον ἀδικίας ὁρῶ σε ὄντα, I see that you have fallen into (cf. εἰμί, V. 2 a., p. 179a, and see below) the bond of iniquity, i. e. forged by iniquity to fetter souls, Acts 8:23 (the phrase σύνδεσμον ἀδικίας occurs in another sense in Isaiah 58:6).
2. that which is bound together, a bundle: properly, σύνδεσμος ἐπιστολῶν, Herodian, 4, 12, 11 (6, Bekker edition); hence, some interpreters think that by σύνδεσμον ἀδικίας, in Acts 8:23 above, Simon is described as a bundle of iniquity, compacted as it were of iniquity (just as Cicero, in Pison. 9, 21 calls a certain man animal ex omnium scelerum importunitate ... concretum); but besides the circumstance that this interpretation is extremely bold, no examples can be adduced of this tropical use of the noun.
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σύν -δεσμος , -ου , ὁ
(< συνδέω ),
[in LXX for H7195, H7001, etc.;]
that which binds together, a bond: of the ligaments of the body, Colossians 2:19. Metaph., σ . ἀδικίας , Acts 8:23; τ . τελειότητος , Colossians 3:14; τ . εἰρήνης , Ephesians 4:3 (v. Lft., Col., ll. c.).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
a pet-form of Σωσίπατρος (q.v.), a Christian belonging originally to Beroea in Macedonia (Acts 20:4).
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.