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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #3409 - יָרֵךְ
1) thigh, side, loin, base
1a1) outside of thigh (where sword was worn)
1a2) loins (as the seat of procreative power)
1b) side (flank) (of object)
1448) kr (רכ RK) AC: ? CO: Loins AB: ?: The pictograph r is a picture of the head of a man, the k is a picture of the palm representing a covering. Combined these mean "man covered". The reproductive organs of the male including the lower abdomen which are always covered.
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
a. outside of thigh, where sword was worn, שִׂים חֶרֶב עַליְֿרֵכוֺ Exodus 32:27 (E); וַיַחְגֹּר אֹתָהּ עַליֶֿרֶךְיְמִינוֺ Judges 3:16 and he girded it upon his right thigh, Judges 3:21; Psalm 45:4; Song of Solomon 3:8; כַּף הַיָּרֵךְ Genesis 32:33 hollow of the thigh, Genesis 32:26 (twice in verse); Genesis 32:33 (all J); חַמּוּקֵי יְרֵכַיִךְ Song of Solomon 7:2 the roundings of thy thighs; מִמָּתְנַיִם וְעַדיְֿרֵכַיִם Exodus 28:42 (P); "" בֶּטֶן Numbers 5:21,22,27 (P); צֹלֵעַ עַליְֿרֵכוֺ Genesis 32:32 (J), limping upon his thigh; סָפַק עַליָֿרֵח Jeremiah 31:19 and (with אֶלֿ) Ezekiel 21:17, smite upon, thigh, in token of consternation; וַיַּךְ אוֺתָם שׁוֺק עַלֿיָרֵךְ Judges 15:8 and he smote them, hip upon thigh, a great slaughter.
b. thigh = loins, as seat of procreative power (RS K. 34; Semitic i, 360 (380)) יֹצְאֵי ירך those proceeding from the loins of any one Genesis 46:26; Exodus 1:5 (both P), Judges 8:30; hence שִׂים יַד תַּחַתירך place the hand under thigh, in taking oath Genesis 24:2,9 (J), Genesis 47:29.
2 side (flank) of altar 2 Kings 16:14; Leviticus 1:11 (P); of tabernacle Exodus 40:22,24; Numbers 3:29,35 (all P); also יֶרֶךְ הַשַּׁעַר (for ᵑ0׳תּוֺךְ הַשּׁ) ᵐ5 Th We Dr Bu Kit.
3 base (loins) of candlestick Exodus 25:31; Exodus 37:17; Numbers 8:4 (all P).
יָרֵךְ const. יֶרֶךְ with suff. יְרֵכִי f. (Numbers 5:21); dual יְרֵכַיִם.
(1) the thigh, perhaps so called from softness (see the root), Gr. μηρός. (Arab. وَركَُ thigh, haunch, buttocks.) Wherein it differs from מָתְנַיִם the loins, ὀσφύς, is seen both from the words, Exodus 28:42, “make for them linen breeches to cover their nakedness מִמָּתְנַיִם וְעַד יְרֵכַיִם from the loins even to the thighs,” and also from the general use of the word. For thus מָתְנַיִם signifies the lower part of the back, יָרֵךְ dual יְרֵכַיִם the double thick and fleshy member extending from the bottom of the spine to the legs (שׁוֹקַיִם) i.e. the two thighs with the buttocks. כַּף הַיָּרֵךְ the socket of the thigh, where the thigh is joined to the pelvis, Genesis 32:26, 33 Ge3 2:33. On the thigh (עַל יָרֵךְ) soldiers wore their swords, Exodus 32:27; Judges 3:16, 21 Judges 3:21; Psalms 45:4 men smote their thigh in mourning and indignation, Jeremiah 31:19; Ezekiel 21:17 (compare Iliad xii. 162; xv. 397; Od. xiii. 198; Cic. cl. Orat. 80; Quinctil. xi. 3), those who swore put the hand under the thigh; Genesis 24:2, Genesis 24:9, 47:29 to have come forth from the thigh of any one, is to be descended from him, Genesis 46:26; Exodus 1:5; Judges 8:30 (comp. Kor. Sur. iv. 27; vi. 98). The buttocks are to be understood, Numbers 5:21, 27 in animals, the thigh, the haunch (Keule, Schinken), Ezekiel 24:4.
(2) Figuratively applied to inanimate things (in which sense however the feminine form יַרְכָּה is more used; [query, the existence of such a form, see Thes.]), it is
(a) that part of the holy candlestick in which the shaft (קָנֶה) divided into three branches, Exodus 25:31, 37:17.
(b) the side of a tent, Exodus 40:22, 24 Exodus 40:24 of the altar, Leviticus 1:11; 2 Kings 16:14.
Dual יְרֵכַיִם both thighs, Exodus 28:42 (see above), Song of Solomon 7:2.