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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1790 - דַּךְ
1080) kd (דכ DK) AC: Crush CO: Mortar AB: ?: The pictograph d is a door representing the idea of moving back and forth. The k is a picture of the palm of the hand representing a bowl from its shape. Combined these pictures mean "the moving back and forth in a cup". Seeds are placed in a stone mortar, a stone cup, the stone pestle is moved around the cup to crush the seeds into a powder.
V) kkd (דככ DKK) - Small: To crush or beat something into small pieces. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: qqd] KJV (23): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hophal) beat small, powder, stamp, bruise, small, dust, beat in pieces, break in pieces - Strongs: H1854 (דָּקַק), H1855 (דְּקַק)
Nm ) kid (דיכ DYK) - Siege works: Engines of war constructed next to a city wall for the purpose of battering it into pieces to allow entry into the city. [df: qyd] KJV (6): fort - Strongs: H1785 (דָּיֵק)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
דַּךְ m. adj. (from דָּכַךְ)
(1) crushed, hence dejected, afflicted, wretched, Psal. 9:10 10:18 74:21. It seems once to be used in an active signification for crushing, i.e. chastising, reproving. Thus I understand with Luther and Geier, Proverbs 26:28, לְשׁוֹן שֶׁקֶר יִשְׂנָא דַכָּיו “a lying tongue (i.e. a liar) hates those who correct him.” Verbal adjectives of the form דָּךְ, דַּךְ are commonly, indeed, intransitive, and are derived from intransitive verbs, as תָּם, דַּל, רַב and many others; yet this does not hinder that words of the same form derived from a transitive verb, such as דָּבַךְ, may also be taken transitively; דָּכָךְ contr. דָּךְ, דַּךְ=דֹּכֵךְ; and that this is the case sometimes, is shewn by שָׂטָן, אָמָן. LXX. render this passage well as to the sense, γλῶσσα ψευδής μισεῖ ἀλήθειαν, and this is favoured by the other hemistich, “a flattering mouth worketh ruin.” I formerly interpreted this with Dathe, lingua mendax odit a se atterendos, those whom it wishes to destroy; but I unhesitatingly prefer the former.
the Second Week of Advent