the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #0914 - בָּדַל
1) to divide, separate
1a1) to divide, separate, sever
1a2) to separate, set apart
1a3) to make a distinction, difference
1a4) to divide into parts
1b1) to separate oneself from (reflexive of 1a2)
1b2) to withdraw from
1b3) to separate oneself unto
1b4) to be separated
1b5) to be excluded
1b6) to be set apart
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Hiph`il divide, separate; Perfect הִבְדִּיל Numbers 16:9; Deuteronomy 10:8; suffix וְהִבְדִּילוֺ consecutive Deuteronomy 29:20; 3 feminine singular וְהִבְדִּילָה Exodus 26:33; וְהִבְדַּלְתָּ Numbers 8:14; הִבְדִּילוּ Ezekiel 22:26, etc. Imperfect יַבְדִּיל Leviticus 1:17 +; וַיַּבְדֵּל Genesis 1:4,7; 1 Chronicles 25:1; suffix יַבְדִּילַנִי Isaiah 56:3; וָאַבְדִּל Leviticus 20:26; וָאַבְדִּילָה Ezra 8:24, etc.; Infinitive absolute הַבְדֵּל Isaiah 56:3; construct לְהַבְדִּיל Genesis 1:14 +; Participle מַבְדִּיל Genesis 1:6; מַבְדִּילִים Isaiah 59:2; —
1 divide, separate, subject God Genesis 1:4 followed by וּבֵין....בֵּין between light and darkness, compare Genesis 1:7; subject heavenly bodies Genesis 1:14; Genesis 1:18; subject firmament followed by בֵּיןלְ֗֗֗ Genesis 1:6 (all in P's source); Exodus 26:33 of the מָּרֹכֶת in tabernacle, followed by בֵּיןוּ֗֗֗בֵין֗֗֗ לָכֶם; of iniquities, separating men from God בֵּין ֗֗֗ לְבֵין Isaiah 59:2.
2 separate, set apart, followed by מִן, of ׳י, setting off Israel from other peoples Leviticus 20:24 (H) Numbers 16:9 (P); Leviticus 20:26 followed by also לִהְיוֺת לִי; compare 1 Kings 8:53 לְךָ לְנַחֲלָה׳הִבְדּ separate them to thyself as an inheritance; of Moses, setting apart Levites, followed by מִתּוֺח Numbers 8:14; of separating an individual from the people, i.e. excluding him Deuteronomy 29:20, followed by also לְרָעָה; followed by מֵעַל Isaiah 56:3 (twice in verse), i.e. excluding him; compare also Nehemiah 13:3 followed by מִן; of setting apart (forbidding) beasts as unclean לָכֶם לְטַמֵּא Leviticus 20:25; of setting apart the tribe of Levi ׳לָשֵׂאת וגו Deuteronomy 10:8 (subject ׳י); compare also (hum. subject) 1 Chronicles 25:1, followed by לַעֲבֹדָה, 2 Chronicles 25:10 followed by Infinitive; similarly Ezra 8:24; even followed by participle Ezekiel 39:14 they shall set apart men עֹבְרִים, i.e. to pass through, or, men that shall pass through (RV); so of setting apart cities, accusative Deuteronomy 4:41; compare Deuteronomy 19:2,7.
3 make a distinction between clean and unclean, holy and profane, followed by בֵּיןוּ֗֗֗בֵין Leviticus 20:25 (H); Leviticus 10:10; Leviticus 11:47 (both P); followed by בֵּיןלְ֗֗֗ Ezekiel 22:26; Ezekiel 42:20.
4 divide into parts Leviticus 1:17; Leviticus 5:8 (P), prohibited in case of fowls offered in sacrifice.
Niph`al Perfect נִבְדְּלוּ 1 Chronicles 12:8; Ezra 9:1; Imperfect יִבָּדֵל Ezra 10:8; וַיִּבָּדֵל 1 Chronicles 23:13; וַיִּבָּֽדְלוּ Ezra 10:16; Nehemiah 9:2; Imperative הִבָּֽדְלוּ Numbers 16:21; Ezra 10:11; Participle נִבְדָּל Ezra 6:21; Nehemiah 10:29. 1 (reflexive of Hiph`il 2)
a. separate oneself from people of the land, heathen, and their practices, also from non-Jewish wives, followed by מִן Ezra 6:21; Ezra 9:1; Ezra 10:11; Nehemiah 9:2; absolute in same sense Ezra 10:16 (compare Sta G. ii. 199 & 179n. Wl Pharisäer u. Sadd. 76).
b. withdraw from (Moses & Aaron from Israel) Numbers 16:21 (P), followed by מִתּוֺח.
c. separate oneself unto (אֶל) David 1 Chronicles 12:8.
d. Nehemiah 10:29 combines a. & c. separate oneself מֵעַמֵּי הָֽאֲרָצוֺתאֶלתּֿוֺרַת הָאֱלֹהִים.
2 passive, be separated.
a. be excluded from the people, followed by מִן Ezra 10:8.
b. be set apart, of Aaron, followed by לְהַקְדִּישׁוֺ 1 Chronicles 23:13. — On הבדיל, & distinction from הפריד see Dr JPhoenician xi. 219.
בָּדַל not used in Kal, kindred to the root בָּתַל بتل to separate, to distinguish.
(1) to separate, to disjoin, Leviticus 1:17 as two places by a veil, fence, wall. Exodus 26:33; Ezekiel 42:20; Genesis 1:6, things previously mixed together; Genesis 1:4.
(2) Figuratively applied to the mind, to separate, to distinguish diverse things, Levit. 10:9, 10; “ye shall not drink wine nor strong drink … that ye may distinguish the clean and unclean;” 11:47; 20:25. In both these significations (No. 1, 2) there follows בֵּין … וּבֵין Genesis 1:4, Exodus 26:33 בֵּין … לְבֵין Isaiah 59:2 בֵּין … לְ Genesis 1:6.
(3) to separate from the rest, to select out of them, in a good sense; followed by מִן Numbers 8:14, 16:9 Leviticus 20:24, 26 Leviticus 20:26 also followed by לְ of that to which any thing is destined, 1 Kings 8:53 also without מִן Deuteronomy 4:41, 10:8 1 Chronicles 25:1 absol. Deuteronomy 19:7; Ezekiel 39:14.
(4) to separate, to shut out, as a mixed multitude from a people; followed by מִן Nehemiah 13:3 מֵעַל Isaiah 56:3. With the addition of לְרָעָה Deuteronomy 29:20 as is often the case in medial phrases [i.e. those which may be taken in either a good or a bad sense].
(1) pass. of Hiph. No. 3, to be separated, to separate oneself; followed by מִן Ezra 6:21, 9:1 10:11 also to be selected, Ezra 10:16 followed by לְ to or for any thing, 1 Chronicles 23:13.
(2) pass. of Hiph. No. 4, to be secluded, shut out.
(3) to depart from a place, followed by מִן of the place, Numbers 16:21 followed by אֶל [of pers.], to depart to some one, 1 Chronicles 12:8.
Derivative nouns are בְּדִיל, מִבְדָּלוֹת, and