the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #05749 - עוּד
1) to return, repeat, go about, do again
1a) (Piel) to surround, go round and round
1b) (Pilel) to restore, relieve
1c) (Hithpalel) to be restored
2) to bear witness
2a) (Qal) to bear witness, say again and again
2b1) to testify, bear witness
2b2) to cause to testify, take or call as witness, invoke
2b3) to protest, affirm solemnly, warn, exhort or enjoin solemnly, admonish, charge
2c) (Hophal) to protest, give warning
1349) do (אהד AhD) AC: Repeat CO: ? AB: Witness: The pictograph o is a picture of the eye, the d is a picture of the door. Combined these mean "see the door". As coming to a tent a tent of meeting and entering in. A place, time or event that is repeated again and again.
Nf) do (אהד AhD) - I. Witness: II. Again:A repetition of time either definite or indefinite. [Hebrew and Aramaic] III. Until:A determinate period of time. KJV (269): witness, ever, everlasting, end, evermore, old, perpetually, by, as, when, how, yet, till, until, unto, for, to, but, on, within, filthy - Strongs: H1157 (בַּעַד), H5703 (עַד), H5704 (עַד), H5705 (עַד), H5707 (עֵד), H5708 (עִדָּה)
Nf1) edo (אהדה AhDH) - I. Company:A group with a common testimony. II. Witness:KJV (175): congregation, company, assembly, multitude, people, swarm, testimony, witness - Strongs: H5712 (עֵדָה), H5713 (עֵדָה)
V) edo (אהדה AhDH) - I. Adorn:To put on trappings which usually identify position or rank. II. Remove:[Unknown connection to root; Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (19): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) deck, adorn, take, pass, depart, alter, took, pass, remove - Strongs: H5709 (עֲדָה), H5710 (עָדָה)
V) doi (יאהד YAhD) - Meet: A coming together as two or an assembly. KJV (1): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hophal) meet, together, assemble, appoint, set, time, betroth, agree, gather - Strongs: H3259 (יָעַד)
am) dofm (מואהד MWAhD) - I. Appointment:A time that is repeated time after time. II. Company:A group that meet at specific times. KJV (224): congregation, feast, season, appointed, time, assembly, solemnity, solemn, days, sign, synagogue - Strongs: H4150 (מוֹעָדָה), H4151 (מוֹעָד)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Pi`el surround (compare Ethiopic), Perfect 3 masculine singular suffix עִוְּדֻנִי Psalm 119:61 (compare סְבָבוּנִי Psalm 18:6).
Pol`el, restore, relieve (compare Arabic IV.), Imperfect 3 masculine singular יְעוֺדֵד, with accusative of person Psalm 146:9 ("" שָׁמַר, opposed to עִוֵּת), Psalm 147:6 (opposed to הִשְׁמִּיל).
Hithpolel be restored, Imperfect 1 plural וַנִּתְעוֺדָּ֑ד Psalm 20:9 ( + קוּם, opposed to נָפַל; ᵐ5 ἀνωρθώθημεν.
[עוּד] verb denominative (Gerber42f.) bear witness; —
Qal Imperfect 1 singular suffix אֲעוּדֵךְ Lamentations 2:13 Kt; <
Hiph`il Qr Bu.
Hiph`il Perfect 3 masculine singular הֵעִיד 2 Kings 17:15; Malachi 2:14; הֵעִד Genesis 43:3; 2 masculine singular ַהעִי֫דֹתָ Nehemiah 9:34; ַהעֵדֹ֫תָה Exodus 19:23; 1 singular ַהעִידֹ֫תִי Deuteronomy 4:26; Jeremiah 42:19; 3 masculine plural הֵעִ֫ידוּ Nehemiah 9:26, etc.; Imperfect וַיָּ֫עַד 2 Kings 17:13; Zechariah 3:6; 3 feminine singular suffix וַתְּעִידֵ֫נִי Job 29:11 15t. Imperfect; Infinitive absolute הָעֵד Genesis 43:3 4t.; Imperative הָעֵד Exodus 19:21 2t. Imperative Participle מֵעִיד Deuteronomy 32:46. —
1 testify, bear witness, with suffix against one 1 Kings 21:10,13; in favour of Job 29:11; Lamentations 2:13 (Qr); with בֵּין Malachi 2:14.
2 cause to testify, take as witness, with accusative of person Isaiah 8:2; Jeremiah 32:10,25,44; call as witness, invoke, with accusative את השׁמים ואת הארץ + בְּ against Deuteronomy 4:26; Deuteronomy 30:19; Deuteronomy 31:28.
3 protest, affirm solemnly, warn: subject men, absolute Jeremiah 6:10; Nehemiah 13:15; with בְּ person Genesis 43:3 (twice in verse) (J) Exodus 19:21 (E) 1 Samuel 8:9 (twice in verse); 1 Kings 2:42; 2 Chronicles 24:19; Nehemiah 9:26; Nehemiah 13:21; Jeremiah 42:19; Amos 3:13; exhort solemnly, admonish, charge, ׳י subject, with בְּ person, Exodus 19:23 (J) Deuteronomy 8:19; 2 Kings 17:13; Nehemiah 9:29,30; Jeremiah 11:7 (3t. in verse); Zechariah 3:6; Psalm 50:7; Psalm 81:9; enjoin solemnly, with בְּ person + accusative of thing עֵדְוֺת 2 Kings 17:15; Nehemiah 9:34, דברים Deuteronomy 32:46.
Hoph`al Perfect 3 masculine singular וְהוּעַד consecutive Exodus 21:29 (E) impersonal and protest be entered, with בְּ person
(1) i.q. Arab. عَادَ Med. Waw, to turn back, to return (the verbs אוּד No. 1, and תוּד see Piel, are nearly connected); then to repeat, to do over again (compare שׁוּב); whence inf. absol. עוֹד adv. again, yet (which see).
(2) to say again and again, to witness, to exhort, in Kal once, Lamentations 2:13 כתיב, see Hiphil.
Piel עִוֵּד to surround, Psalms 119:61. (Eth. ዐዊድ፡ to go round, አዖ፡ to make go round, i.e. to surround.)
(1) causat. to take as a witness, to call any one to witness, Isaiah 8:2; Jeremiah 32:10, 25 Jeremiah 32:25, 44 Jeremiah 32:44 hence to call as witness, to invoke, followed by בְּ against any one, Deuteronomy 4:26, 30:19 31:28.
(2) i.q. Kal; hence to testify, to bear witness, absol. Amos 3:13; Malachi 2:14, followed by an acc. against any one, 1 Kings 21:10, 13 1 Kings 21:13, and in a good sense for any one, i.e, to praise him, Job 29:11 (compare μαρτυρέω, Luke 4:22). Hence
(a) to obtest, i.e. to affirm solemnly, to affirm, calling God to witness, followed by בְּ of pers. Genesis 43:3, הָעֵד הֵעִד בָּנוּ הָאִישׁ לֵּאמֹר “the man did solemnly affirm unto us;” Deuteronomy 8:19, 32:46 1 Kings 2:42; Zechariah 3:6.
(b) to admonish solemnly, especially Jehovah a people, followed by an acc. of pers. Lamentations 2:13 בְּ Psalms 50:7, 81:9 2 Kings 17:13 עַלּ Jeremiah 6:10 especially to chastise, to chide (compare יָסַר), Nehemiah 13:15, 21 Nehemiah 13:21.
(c) solemnly to enjoin on any one a precept or law; hence used of any law given by God (see עֵדָה No. 3, and עֵדוּת ), 2 Kings 17:15, אֵת עֵדוֹתָיו אֲשֶׁר הֵעִיד בָּם “his precepts, which he had given them;” Nehemiah 9:34; 1 Samuel 8:9.
Hophal הוּעֵד to be declared, shewn, Exodus 21:29.
Pilel עֹדֵד (which some incorrectly take as from the root עָדַד) pr. to restore, to confirm, Psalms 146:9, 147:6.
Hithpalel, to set oneself up, to stand upright, Psalms 20:9. LXX. ἀνορθώθημεν.
Derived nouns, עֵד, עֵדָה, עֵדוּת, תְּעוּדָה [pr.n. עוֹדֵד] and