the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #03190 - יָטַב
1) to be good, be pleasing, be well, be glad
1a1) to be glad, be joyful
1a2) to be well placed
1a3) to be well for, be well with, go well with
1a4) to be pleasing, be pleasing to
1b1) to make glad, rejoice
1b2) to do good to, deal well with
1b3) to do well, do thoroughly
1b4) to make a thing good or right or beautiful
1b5) to do well, do right
1186) bu (תהב ThB) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Good: The pictograph u is a picture of a basket, used to contain or surround something. The b is a picture of a tent or house. Combined these mean "surround the house". The house is surrounded by grace, beauty, love, health and prosperity, something that is functional.
Nf) bfu (תהוב ThWB) - Good: Something that functions properly. KJV (591): good, better, well, goodness, goodly, best, merry, fair, prosperity, precious, fine, wealth, beautiful, fairer, favour, glad - Strongs: H2896 (טוֹב), H2898 (טוּב)
V) bui (יתהב YThB) - Good: To be good such as in being functional. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (108): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) well, good, please, merry, amend, better, accepted, diligently - Strongs: H3190 (יָטַב), H3191 (יְטַב)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal ( Perfect not in use, see טוֺב
verb) Imperfect יִיטַב Genesis 12:13 34t., יִטַב 1 Samuel 24:5 3t.; תִּיטַב Esther 2:4 2t.; תֵּיטְבִי (incorrect for תִּיטְבִי Ges§ 70 R) Nahum 3:8; plural יִיטְבוּ Genesis 34:18; for Infinitive and Participle see טוֺב —
1 be glad, joyful, לֵב Judges 18:20; Judges 19:6,9; 1 Kings 21:7; Ruth 3:7; Ecclesiastes 7:3.
2 be well placed, הֲתֵיטְבִי מִנּאֹ אָמוֺן Nahum 3:8 art thou better placed than No of Amon?
3 impersonal with לְ, be well for or with, go well with Genesis 12:13 (J), Genesis 40:14 (E), Deuteronomy 4:40; Deuteronomy 5:16,26; Deuteronomy 6:3,18; Deuteronomy 12:25,28; Deuteronomy 22:7; 2 Kings 25:24; Ruth 3:1; Jeremiah 7:23; Jeremiah 38:20; Jeremiah 40:9; Jeremiah 42:6.
4 be pleasing בְּעֵינֵי Genesis 34:18 (J), Genesis 41:37; Genesis 45:16 (E), Deuteronomy 1:23; Leviticus 10:19,20; Joshua 22:30,33 (P), 1 Samuel 18:5; 1 Samuel 24:5; 2 Samuel 3:36; 2 Samuel 18:4; 1 Kings 3:10; Esther 1:21; Esther 2:4 (twice in verse); Esther 2:9; with לְ, be pleasing to, Psalm 69:32; with לִפְנֵי (late) Nehemiah 2:5,6; Esther 5:14.
Hiph`il Perfect הֵיטִיב Genesis 12:16; Joshua 24:20; הֵיטִב 1 Samuel 25:31; suffix הֵיטִ֑בְךָ Deuteronomy 30:5; הֵיטַבְתָּ Jeremiah 1:12; הֵיטַבְתְּ Ruth 3:10, etc.; וְהִֵטבֹתִ֫י Ezekiel 36:11 (for הֵיטַבְתִּי as if from טוב Ges§ 70 R); Imperfect יֵיטִיב Numbers 10:32 3t.; יֵיטִב Proverbs 15:13 2t.; יְיֵטִיב Job 24:21 (Ges§ 70 R); יֵיטֵיב 1 Kings 1:47 (Ges§ 70 R); וַיִּ֫יטֶב Exodus 1:20; suffix וִיטִיבְךָ Ecclesiastes 11:9, etc.; Imperative הֵיטִ֫יבָה Psalm 51:20; הֵיטִ֫יבִי Isaiah 23:16, etc.; Infinitive absolute הֵיטֵיב Jeremiah 7:5; Jeremiah 10:5; הֵיטֵב Genesis 32:13 10t.; Infinitive construct הֵיטִיב Leviticus 5:4 7t.; הֵטִיב Jeremiah 32:41; suffix הֵיטִיבִי Jeremiah 32:40, etc.; Participle מֵיטִיב 1 Samuel 16:17; מֵטִיב Psalm 119:68; מֵטִב Ezekiel 33:32, etc.; —
1 make glad, rejoice לֵב Judges 19:22; פנים Proverbs 15:13; the person Ecclesiastes 11:9.
2 do good to, deal well with, a person usually with preposition: with לְ, Exodus 1:20; Joshua 24:20 (both E), Genesis 12:16; Numbers 10:29,32 (all J), Judges 17:13; 1 Samuel 25:31; Psalm 49:19; Psalm 125:4; with עִם, Genesis 32:10; Genesis 32:13 (twice in verse); Numbers 10:32 (all J), Micah 2:7; with accusative Deuteronomy 8:16; Deuteronomy 28:63; Deuteronomy 30:5; 1 Samuel 2:32; Jeremiah 18:10; Jeremiah 32:40,41; Zechariah 8:15; Job 24:21; Psalm 51:20; absolute Ezekiel 36:11; opposed to הֵרַע (in prov. phrase, cannot do good or ill, = cannot do anything at all; test of deity) Zephaniah 1:12; Isaiah 41:23; Jeremiah 10:5.
3 do well or thoroughly: הֵטִיבוּ (כל)אשׁר דבּרוּ they have done well (all) that they have spoken Deuteronomy 5:25; Deuteronomy 18:17; על הרע כפים להיטיב Micah 7:3 their hands are upon the evil to do it well,i.e. diligently, thoroughly, literally make (it) good, with play on הרע; especially as auxil. followed by infinitive; דעת׳היט Proverbs 15:2 = know well; לראות Jeremiah 1:12 see well; (לְ)נַגֵּן play well, skilfully 1 Samuel 16:17; Isaiah 23:16; Ezekiel 33:32; Psalm 33:3; compare participle construct followed by substantive מֵטִבֵי צָ֑עַד Proverbs 30:29 marching well, in a stately manner, so מֵיטִבֵי לֶכֶת Proverbs 30:29; infinitive absolute הֵיטֵיב as adverb = thoroughly, with verbs: כתת Deuteronomy 9:21, שׁאל Deuteronomy 13:15, דרשׁ Deuteronomy 17:4; Deuteronomy 19:18, באר Deuteronomy 27:8, שׁבּר 2 Kings 11:18.
4 make a thing good, right, beautiful: with accusative of thing: the head 2 Kings 9:30; dress, trim: a lamp Exodus 30:7 (P); מַצֵּבוֺת Hosea 10:1; גֵּהָה Proverbs 17:22 a glad heart maketh a good cure; followed by מִן comparative, object שֵׁם 1 Kings 1:47 ( = make it more glorious then); חֶסֶד Ruth 3:10; followed by דֶּרֶךְ = course of life or action Jeremiah 2:33 (in order to win love); amend one's ways and doings Jeremiah 7:3; Jeremiah 18:11; Jeremiah 26:13; Jeremiah 35:15; ׳הֵיטֵיב תֵּיטִיבוּ אתדֿ Jeremiah 7:5.
5 do well, right, ethically, absolute:
a. of men, Genesis 4:7 (twice in verse) (J), Leviticus 5:4 (P), Psalm 36:4; Isaiah 1:17; Jeremiah 4:22; Jeremiah 13:23.
b. of God, טוֺב מֵטִיב good and doing good Psalm 119:68; so infinitive absolute as adverb הַהֵיטֵב חָרָה לך Jonah 4:4,9 art thou rightly angry ? followed by לי Jonah 4:9. In כִּייֵֿיטִב אֶלאָֿבִי 1 Samuel 20:13 verb is apparently intransitive, =
Qal, if it be pleasing unto my father, but
Hiph`il not elsewhere in this sense; point rather יִיטַב; on this and on following אֶתֿ see We Dr.
יָטַב i.q. טוֹב, only used in the fut. יִיטַב, יִטַב (once תֵּיטְבִי Nahum 3:8 in pret. use is made of the verb טוֹב).
(1) to be good, Nahum 3:8. Mostly used impers.
(a) יִיטַב לִי “it will be well for me.” Genesis 12:13, 40:14 Deuteronomy 4:40.
(b) וַיִּיטַב בְּעֵינַי “it was good in my eyes,” i.e. “I was pleased.” Genesis 41:37, 45:16 Leviticus 10:19, 20 Leviticus 10:20 more rarely followed by לִפְנֵי Esther 5:14; Nehemiah 2:5, followed by לְ Psalms 69:32.
(2) to be merry, joyful, of the mind (לֵב). Judges 19:16; Ruth 3:7; Ecclesiastes 7:3.
Hiphil הֵיטִיב fut. יֵיטִיב, once יֵיטִיב.
(1) to do well, or rightly (any things which have been done), Deuteronomy 5:25, הֵיטִיבוּ כָּל־אֲשֶׁר דִּבֵּרוּ “they have done well (as to) whatever they have said,” i.e. they have well spoken. Deuteronomy 18:17. Followed by a gerund. Jeremiah 1:12, הֵיטַבְתָּ לִרְאוֹת “thou hast seen rightly.” 1 Samuel 16:17, מֵיטִיב לְנַגֵּן “who can play well,” i.e. skilfully; without לְ poetically Isaiah 23:16. Inf. absol. הֵיטֵב in doing well, or rightly, adv. well, accurately, fitly. Deuteronomy 9:21, 13:15 17:4 19:18 27:8. הֵיטִיב דְּרָכָיו Jeremiah 2:33, 7:3, ה׳ מַעֲלָלִים Jeremiah 35:15, to act, or live, well, or honestly, without accus. elliptically, Jerem. 4:22, וּלְהֵיטִיב לֹא יָדָֽעוּ “they know not to do well.” Jeremiah 13:23. Inf. adv. honestly, rightly. Jonah 4:9.
(2) to do good to any one, followed by a dat. Genesis 12:16; Exodus 1:20 followed by an acc. Deuteronomy 8:16, 30:5 followed by עִם Genesis 32:10, 13 Genesis 32:13; Numbers 10:32.
(3) to make merry, Judges 19:22.
(4) to fit, to adjust (to trim), Germ. zurechtmachen (Syr. ܛܰܝܶܒ), as lamps, Exodus 30:7 to adorn the head, i.e. to put the locks in order, 2 Kings 9:30.
(5) intrans. to be good, Micah 2:7 hence followed by אֶל to please, as in Kal, 1 Samuel 20:13.
Hence מֵיטָב [and יָטְבָתָה].
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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