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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #02009 - הִנֵּה
1) behold, lo, see, if
1106) ne (הנ HN) AC: Look CO: ? AB: Here: The pictograph e represents the idea of looking toward something of interest. The n is a seed representing continuation. Combined these pictures mean "a looking toward something continually".
Nm) ne (הנ HN) - I. There:A possible or desired location. [df: mh hmh wmh Nwmh]II. They:A people or things over there. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: Mh hmh]III. If: A possible or desired outcome. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (110): lo, behold, if, though, or, whether, therein, whithal, which, they, them, these, those - Strongs: H581 (אֵנִּין), H1992 (הֵם), H1994 (הִמּוֹן), H2004 (הֵן), H2005 (הֵן), H2006 (הֵן), H3860 (לָהֵן), H3861 (לָהֵן)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
demonstrative particle lo! behold! ( certainly, surely, literally lo !), with suffix (the pronoun being conceived as accusative, Ew§ 262 c.; compare, , which takes an accusative, whether of a noun or pronominal suffix) הִנְנִי Genesis 6:13 + often (also הִנֶּ֣נִּי Genesis 22:7), הִנֵּ֑נִי Genesis 22:1,11 +, (הִנֶּ֔נִּי Genesis 27:18), Isaiah 65:1 הִנֵּ֣נִי הִנֵּ֔נִי (but הִנֵּה אָנֹכִי is also said Genesis 24:13,43; Genesis 25:32; Genesis 48:21; Exodus 4:23; Exodus 7:17 +; and, more rarely, הִנֵּה אֲנִי Ezekiel 37:5,12,19,21; 2 Chronicles 2:3, compare 2 Kings 10:9; Jeremiah 32:27); הִנְּךָ Genesis 20:3 + ( 2 Kings 7:2 הִנְּכָה), הִנֶּ֑ךָּ Psalm 139:8, feminine הִנָּךָ Genesis 16:11 6t.; הִנּוֺ Numbers 23:17; Job 2:6; 1 Chronicles 11:25, הִנֵּ֫הוּ Jeremiah 18:3 Kt (הִנֵּה הוּא is more usual, as Genesis 20:16; Genesis 42:27; 1 Samuel 10:22; Jeremiah 38:5; Ruth 3:2): 1 plural הִנְנוּ Joshua 9:25; 2 Samuel 5:1; Jeremiah 3:22; Ezra 9:15, הִנֶּ֫נּוּ Genesis 44:16; Genesis 50:18; Numbers 14:40, הִנֵּנ֑וּ Job 38:35; הִנְּכֶם Deuteronomy 1:10; Jeremiah 16:12; הִנָּם Genesis 40:5 + often (37t.) — lo ! behold !
a. pointing to persons or things, Genesis 12:19 and now הִנֵּה אִשְׁתְּךָ behold thy wife ! Genesis 18:9 הִנֵּה בָאֹהֶל behold (she is) in the tent (the suffix, when the noun to which הנה refers has immediately preceded, being not unfrequently omitted, Genesis 16:14: compare Dr§ 135. 6,2), Genesis 30:3; Genesis 31:51 (twice in verse); Exodus 24:8 etc. With suffix of 1person, especially in response to a call, indicating the readiness of the person addressed to listen or obey, Here I am ! (literally Behold me !) Genesis 22:1,7,11; Genesis 27:1,18; Genesis 31:11; Genesis 37:13; Genesis 46:2; Exodus 3:4; 1 Samuel 3:4,5,6,8,16; 1 Samuel 22:12; 2 Samuel 1:7; Isaiah 6:8, compare 1 Samuel 12:3 הִנְנִי עֲנוּ בִי here I am, answer against me, 1 Samuel 14:43 (compare Dr p. 292), 2 Samuel 15:26 (in resignation: compare Genesis 44:16; Genesis 50:18; Joshua 9:25; Ezra 9:15): of God Isaiah 52:6; Isaiah 58:9; Isaiah 65:1 (twice in verse) (repeated for emphasis). In the plural הננו Numbers 14:40; Jeremiah 3:22; Job 38:35. — Emph. הִנְנִי אָ֕נִי Ezekiel 34:11,20, compare Ezekiel 6:3. on חִנְנִי אֶל ֗֗֗ , see אל 4, p. 40.
b. introducing clauses involving predication: ( a) with reference to the past or present, it points Generally to some truth either newly asserted, or newly recognized, Genesis 1:29 behold ! I have given to you all herbs etc. Genesis 17:20; Genesis 27:6; 1 Samuel 14:33 etc.; often one upon which some proposal or suggestion is to be founded, Exodus 1:9 (compare הן Genesis 11:6) 1 Samuel 20:2,5; 2 Kings 5:20. When the proposal is to be of the nature of an entreaty or request, הִנֵּהנָֿא is often used, instead of the simple הִנֵּה Genesis 12:11; Genesis 16:2; Genesis 18:7; 1 Kings 20:31; 1 Kings 22:13 and elsewhere (see נָא). ( b) with reference to the future. Here it serves to introduce a solemn or important declaration Exodus 32:34; Exodus 34:10; Isaiah 7:14; and is used especially with the participle (the futuram instans [immanent future], Dr§ 135. 3) in predictions or threats, Genesis 20:3 הִנְּךָ מֵת (literally) behold thee (accusative) about to die, thou art about to die, Exodus 4:23; Exodus 7:17; Exodus 9:3; Deuteronomy 31:17; 1 Samuel 3:11; 1 Kings 20:36; 1 Kings 22:25; Isaiah 3:1; Isaiah 10:33; Isaiah 17:1; Isaiah 19:1; Isaiah 22:17; Isaiah 24:1 + often; in the phrase הנהימים באים 1 Samuel 2:31; 2 Kings 20:17 = Isaiah 39:6; Amos 4:2; Amos 8:11; Amos 9:13 + Jeremiah 15t.; very often with the suffix of 1person singular, as הִנְנִי מֵבִיא Behold, I bring (literally behold me bringing, or about to bring) . . . Genesis 6:17; Exodus 10:4 & often, especially in Jeremiah; Genesis 9:9; Exodus 8:17; Exodus 9:18; Exodus 34:11; 2 Kings 22:20; Isaiah 13:17; Isaiah 29:14; Isaiah 43:19; Jeremiah 8:17; Jeremiah 11:22 (הִנְנִי פֹקֵד; so Jeremiah 23:2 +) Jeremiah 16:16; Jeremiah 20:4, etc.; anomalously, with change of person, Isaiah 28:16 הִנְנִי יִסַּד (according to points) behold me, one who has founded, Isaiah 29:14 הִנְנִי יוֺסִף behold me, one who will add (so Isaiah 38:5); but it is dubious whether the participle יֹסֵד, יוֺסֵף should not be read.
c.וְהִנֵּה ֗֗֗ very frequently in historical style, especially (but not exclusively) after verbs of seeing or discovering, making the narrative graphic and vivid, and enabling the reader to enter into the surprise or satisfaction of the speaker or actor concerned: Genesis 1:31 and behold, it was very good, Genesis 6:12; Genesis 8:13; Genesis 15:12; Genesis 18:2; Genesis 37:29; Exodus 2:6; Deuteronomy 9:13 etc.: in the description of a dream Genesis 37:7,9; Genesis 40:9,16; Genesis 41:1,2,3; Isaiah 29:8, or of a vision Amos 7:1,4; Amos 8:1 etc. With a participle (the context fixing the sense to the past), Genesis 24:30; Genesis 37:15 (both without suffix); Judges 9:43; Judges 11:34; 1 Kings 19:5,11 +.
d. like II. הֵן ( b), nearly = if (rare): Leviticus 13:5,6,7,8 (& elsewhere in this and the next chapter) וְהִנֵּה and behold = and if, Deuteronomy 13:15; and Deuteronomy 17:4 וְהִנֵּה אֱמֶת and behold it is true = and if it be true, Deuteronomy 19:18; 1 Samuel 20:12; compare 1 Samuel 9:7; 2 Samuel 18:11; Hosea 9:6.
הִנֵּה rarely הִנֶּה Genesis 19:2, i.q. הֵן with ה parag. having a demonstrative power (as אַי, אַיֵּה), a demonstrative particle, lo! behold! (As to its etymology or rather analogy, see הֵן No. II.) Used for pointing out persons, things, and places, as well as actions. Genesis 12:19, הִנֵּה אִשְׁתְּךָ “behold thy wife.” Genesis 16:6, 18:9, הִנֵּה בָאֹהֶל “behold (it is) in the tent.” Genesis 20:15, 16 Genesis 20:16, 1:29, הִנֵּה נָתַתָּי לָכֶם וגו׳ “behold! I have given you every herb,” etc. Especially in descriptions and in lively narration. Genesis 40:9, בַּחֲלֹמִי וְהִנֵּה גֶּפֶן לְפָנַי “in my sleep, behold a vine was before me.” Verse 16 Genesis 40:16, 41:2, Genesis 41:3; Isaiah 29:8. Compare Daniel 2:31, 7:5,. Sometimes also used as a particle of incitement, Psalms 134:1, הִנֵּה בָּֽרְכוּ אֶת יְיָ “come, praise ye the Lord.”
When the thing to be pointed out is expressed by a personal pronoun, this is appended as a suffix (as Plaut. eccum, for ecce eum), in these forms, הִנְנִי behold me (the pronoun being regarded as in the acc., comp. Gr. § 25, ed. 9 [§ 98, 5]), in pause הִנֵּנִי Genesis 22:1, 11 Genesis 22:11, 27:1 and הִנֶּנִּי Genesis 22:7, 27:18 הִנְּךָ behold thee, Genesis 20:3 once הִנְּכָה 2 Kings 7:2. f. הִנָּךְ Genesis 16:11 הִנּוֹ behold him, ecce eum, eccum, Numbers 23:17 הִנְּנוּ behold us, Joshua 9:25 in pause הִנֵּנוּ Job 38:35 הִנֶּנּוּ Genesis 44:16, 50:18 הִנְּבֶם Deuteronomy 1:10 הִנָּם Genesis 47:1. הִנֶּנִי behold me! הִנֶּנּוּ behold us! are used as the answer of persons called, who reply, shewing their ready obedience; Genesis 22:1, Genesis 22:7, 11 Genesis 22:11, 27:1, Genesis 27:8; Numbers 14:40; 1 Samuel 3:8; Job 38:35; Isaiah 52:6, 58:9 65:1. Further הִנֵּה with a suffix, in more lively discourse is very often prefixed to a participle, when it stands for the finite verb, especially for the future. Genesis 6:17, הִנְנִי מֵבִיא אֶת ה׳ “behold I am about to bring a flood” (pr. behold me going to bring); Genesis 20:3, הִנְּךָ מֵת “behold thee about to die,” thou art about to die. Isaiah 3:1, 7:14 17:1 Jeremiah 8:17, 30:10 but also for the pret., Genesis 37:7; 1 Chronicles 11:25 and the present, Genesis 16:14; Exodus 34:11. A finite verb more rarely follows, with a change of the person; as Isaiah 28:16, הִנְנִי יִסַּד “behold me, who founded,” for יִסַּדְתִּי or יֹסֵד.