the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #734 - אֹרַח
1) way, path
1a) path, road
1b) the path, way, passing of life (figuratively)
1c) way of living (figuratively)
1d) traveller, wayfarer (metonymy)
1445) hr (רהה RHh) AC: Travel CO: Path AB: ?: The pictograph r is a picture of the head of a man, the h is a picture of wall that separates the inside from the outside. Combined these mean "man outside". The responsibilities of the nomad outside of the tent include the feeding, watering and caring for the livestock. Livestock are healthier and more productive when on a routine, therefore the man follows a routine or "a prescribed path" each day when caring for his livestock. (eng: reek)
H) ehr (רההה RHhH) AC: ? CO: Millstone AB: ?: The ancient hand mill consisted of two round stones, called millstones, the top was turned on top of the other to grind the grain. This top stone always followed the same path on top of the other.
J) hfr (רוהה RWHh) AC: Refresh CO: Wind AB: ?: The Hebrew nomads were very familiar with the wind patterns as they would follow a prescribed path indicating the coming season. From this word comes the idea of breath as it is the wind of man which also follows a prescribed path of inhaling and exhaling.
V) hfr (רוהה RWHh) - I. Refresh:To be given a fresh wind. II. Smell:As carried on the wind. III. Spacious:To be wide with space. KJV (14): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Pual, Participle) smell, touch, understanding, accept, refresh, large - Strongs: H7304 (רָוַח), H7306 (רוּחַ)
Nf) hfr (רוהה RWHh) - Wind: Also the wind of man or god, the breath. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (380): spirit, wind, breath, side, mind, blast, vain, air, anger, cool, courage, space, enlargement - Strongs: H7305 (רֶוַח), H7307 (רוּחַ)
- A2112 Krd (Tread, Road)
- A2135 Hrz (Rise, Dawn)
- A2473 Rhx (Trade, Merchandise)
- A2769 Bkr (Ride, Chariot)
- A2770 Lkr (Trade)
- A2882 Qrs (Whistle, Flute)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 literal Judges 5:6 (twice in verse) Songs of Deborah (alone = highways, opposed to עֲקַלְקַלּוֺת׳א crooked ( by- paths;) compare also הֹלְכֵי נְתִיבוֺת ib.); Isaiah 33:8 ׳עֹבֵר א = wayfarer ("" מְסִלּוֺת), see also Genesis 49:17 (blessing of Jocob) ("" דֶּרֶךְ) & הֵמְיַשְּׁרִים אָרְחוֺתָם those who make straight their ways ("" עֹבְרֵי דָרֶ֑ךְ) Proverbs 9:15, ׳בּוֺא א go (tread) a path Isaiah 41:3; of course of locusts Joel 2:7 ׳לֹא יְעַבְּטוּן א they confuse not their paths ("" דְּרָכִים); יַמִּים׳א paths of the seas Psalm 8:9; רוּץ אֹרַח run along a path, figurative of sun Psalm 19:6.
2 figurative path, way, of course & fortunes of life Job 13,27 = Job 33:11; Job 19:8 ("" נְתִיבוֺת) Psalm 139:3 ("" דֶּרֶךְ) Psalm 142:4 ("" נְתִיבָה) Proverbs 3:6 ("" דֶּרֶךְ) Proverbs 4:18; Proverbs 15:19 (both "" id.) Isaiah 26:7 ("" מַעְגָּל) so דֶּרֶךְ אֹרְחֹתֶיךָ Isaiah 3:12; plain or even path מִישׁוֺר׳א Psalm 27:11; in two cases with a special reference (1) אֹרַח כַּנָּשִׁים Genesis 18:11 (J) of menstruation; (2) אֹרַח לֹא אָשׁוּב אֶהֱלֹךְ a path ( which) I shall not return, I am going Job 16:22i.e. to Sh®°ôl, compare Assyrian name of lower world irƒit lâ târat, land without return, see Jr10; Jr65.
3 figurative way, of mode of living, or of character Job 34:11 ("" מֹּעַל) Psalm 119:9. Specifically:
a. ways of ׳י, his mode of action Psalm 25:10;
b. of man's righteousness, called ways of ׳י Psalm 25:4 ("" דְּרָכִים) Psalm 44:19; Psalm 119:15 ("" מִּקּוּדִים) Isaiah 2:3 = Micah 4:2 ("" דְּרָכִים) compare מִשְׁמָּטֶיךָ׳א Isaiah 26:8; also way of justice, uprightness, etc. מִשְׁמָּט׳א Proverbs 2:8 ("" דֶּרֶח) Proverbs 17:23; Isaiah 40:14 ("" דֶּרֶח), ישֶׁר׳א Proverbs 2:13 ("" id.), צְדָקָה׳א Proverbs 8:20 ("" נְתִיבוֺת), Proverbs 12:28 ("" דֶּרֶךְ נְתִיבָה); so אֹרַה alone Isaiah 30:11 ("" דֶּרֶךְ) Proverbs 15:10; note especially אֹרַח חַיִּים, path of life, in righteousness & enjoyment of God Psalm 16:11; Proverbs 2:19; Proverbs 5:5; Proverbs 15:24 (opposed to שְׁאוֺל), also לְחַיִּים׳א Proverbs 10:17 (on these compare Str Proverbs 14:32);
c. of wickedness, מָּרִיץ׳א way, path of the violent Psalm 17:4, compare also Proverbs 22:25; רְשָׁעְים׳א Proverbs 4:14 ("" דֶּרֶךְ), בֹּצֵעַ׳א Proverbs 1:19; followed by abstract שָׁ֑קֶר׳א Psalm 119:104, so Psalm 119:128 ("" מִּקּוּדִים), also with adjective רָע׳א Psalm 119:101 compare Proverbs 2:15 (עִקְּשִׁים crooked) called עלָוֺם׳הָא Job 22:15; note also אֵידָם׳א their destructive ways, i.e. ways that cause destruction Job 30:12 (compare Job 19:12).
4 by meton. traveler, wayfarer Job 31:32 (compare חֵלֶךְ 2 Samuel 12:4) & in plural caravans 2 Samuel 6:18,19 but read perhaps לָאֹרֵחַ 2 Samuel 31:32, אֹרְחוֺת 2 Samuel 6:18,19.
אֹרַח pl. אֳרָחוֹת constr. אָרְחוֹת with suff. אָרְתֹתַי, אָרְחֹתֶיךָ, אָרְחֹתָם, instead of which there are often found in MSS. and printed editions אֹרְחֹתַי, אֹרְחֹתֶיךָ, אֹרְחֹתָם (see J. H. Mich. on Job 13:27) comm. (m. Proverbs 2:15, comp. Job 6:18, 19 Judges 5:19. Proverbs 15:19), a poetical word, way, path, i.q. דֶּרֶךְ. (Ch. אֹרַח, Syr. ܐܘܽܪܚܐܳ, Sam. Dan 8:1-27 id.). Genesis 49:17; Judges 5:6 Psal. 19:6 אָרְחוֹת יַמִּים “paths of the seas,” Psalms 8:9 compare ὑγρὰ κέλευθα, Hom. Il. ά, 312; אֹרַח חַיִּים “the way to life or happiness,” Proverbs 5:6. Hence
(a) metaph. course of living and acting, i.q. דֶּרֶךְ. אֹרַח שֶׁקֶר “way of lying,” i.e. false and fraudulent conduct, Psalms 119:104 אָרְתוֹת יְהֹוָה “mode of action pleasing to God,” Psalms 25:4, 119:15 Isaiah 2:3. The metaphor of a path is often retained, as Proverbs 4:14, 8:20.
(b) mode, manner; Genesis 18:11, חָדַל לִהְיוֹת לְשָׂרָח אֹרָח בַּנָּשִׁים “it ceased to be with Sarah after the manner of women,” an euphemism for the menses. Comp. Genesis 31:35.
(c) any one’s way, for his condition and lot (Germ. wie es ihm geht); Job 8:13; Proverbs 1:19.
(d) poet. way is used for traveller, or travellers, Job 31:32. Pl. אָרְחוֹת תֵּמָא “travellers of Tema,” bands of the Temaites, Job 6:19.
אֹרַח pl. אָרְחָן Ch. id., Daniel 4:34, 5:23.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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