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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #6924 - קֵדְמָה
1) east, antiquity, front, that which is before, aforetime (noun masculine)
1a) front, from the front or east, in front, mount of the East
1b) ancient time, aforetime, ancient, from of old, earliest time
1c) anciently, of old (adverb)
2) eastward, to or toward the East (adverb)
2698) mdq (קדמ QDM) AC: Face CO: East AB: Before: The place of the rising sun. The Hebrews recognized the east as the top of the four compass points (contrary to our understanding of north) and is the direction faced when orienting direction. The past is understood as what is in front, or before, you as the past is known (contrary to our understanding of the future being in front of us) . [from: md- the red color blood combined with the quph as the rising sun, hence the "rising sun of blood"]
V) mdq (קדמ QDM) - Face: To go or meet face to face. To go before someone or something in space or time. KJV (26): (vf: Hiphil, Piel) prevent, before, met, come, disappoint, go - Strongs: H6923 (קָדַם)
Nm) mdq (קדמ QDM) - I. East: II. Ancient:A distant past. III. Before:In front or to the face. Also a time before. KJV (87): east, old, eastward, ancient, before, aforetime, eternal - Strongs: H6924 (קֵדְמָה)
Nf1) emdq (קדמה QDMH) - Before: Something in front, or to the face. A time past. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (8): former, old, afore, antiquity, ago, aforetime - Strongs: H6927 (קַדְמָה), H6928 (קַדְמָה)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
a. front, ׳מִקּ Isaiah 9:11 from the front (i.e. East), in front (opposed to מֵאָחוֺר), ׳אָחוֺר וָק Psalm 139:5 behind and before; אֶהֳלֹךְ׳ק Job 23:8 I go forward (opposed to אָחוֺר)
b. East: ׳הַרהַֿקּ Genesis 10:30 (J) mount of the East; ׳בְּנֵיקֿ = dwellers in the east, tribes east or northeast of Canaan Genesis 29:1 (E), Judges 6:3,33; Judges 7:12; Judges 8:10; 1 Kings 5:10; Isaiah 11:14; Jeremiah 49:28; Ezekiel 25:4,10; Job 1:3; ׳הַרְרֵי ק Numbers 23:7, see Di Sachau: Reise (1883), 159 ff.165 ff. Dr in Hast. PETHOS; ׳אֶרֶץ ק Genesis 25:6 (J); מָֽלְאוּ מִקֶּדֶם Isaiah 2:6 they are full from the east (insert probablyקֶסֶם, מִקְסָם, or < קֹסְמִים before ׳מִקּ, compare Lo De Du Che Hpt Di-Kit); elsewhere ׳מִקּ = eastward: (I) in the east Genesis 2:8 (2) on the eastern (side) Genesis 12:8 (J) Zechariah 14:4; לְ׳מִקּ on the east of Genesis 3:24 (J), Genesis 12:8 (J), Numbers 34:(P), Joshua 7:2 (JE), Judges 8:11; Ezekiel 11:23 = Jonah 4:5; -3 eastward, with verb of motion Genesis 11:2; Genesis 13:11 (both J).
2 temporal, ancient time, aforetime:
a. ׳הַרְרֵי ק Deuteronomy 33:15 ancient mountains, compare ׳אֱלֹהֵי ק Deuteronomy 33:27, ׳מַלְכֵיקֿ Isaiah 19:11, ׳בִּשְׁמֵי שְׁמֵיקֿ Psalm 68:34.
b.׳כִּימֵי ק Psalm 44:2 in ancient days; compare ׳מִימֵי ק from of old Isaiah 23:7; Micah 7:20; Lamentations 1:7; Lamentations 2:17; Isaiah 37:26 = ׳לְמִימֵי ק) 2 Kings 19:25 (see מִן 9b (2)); ׳כִּימֵי ק Isaiah 51:9; Jeremiah 46:26; ׳יַרְחֵי ק Job 29:2 months of old.
c.׳מִקּ from of old Micah 5:1; Isaiah 45:21; Isaiah 46:10; Habakkuk 1:12; Nehemiah 12:46; Psalm 77:12 ׳מִנִּיק 7; Psalm 8:2 springing out of, derived from, ancient times (compare Dr); ׳יָמִים מִקּ Psalm 77:6; Psalm 143:5 days from of old. d.׳ק alone, as adverb anciently, of old Psalm 74:2; Psalm 119:152; ׳כְּק Jeremiah 30:20; Lamentations 5:21; ׳ישֵׁב ק Psalm 55:20 he that sitteth (enthroned from) of old. e. beginning, מִקַּדְמֵיאָֿ֑רֶץ Proverbs 8:23 from the beginnings of the earth; מִפְעָלָיו׳ק Proverbs 8:22 the beginning of his works ("" רֵאשִׁית).
d.׳ק alone, as adverb anciently, of old Psalm 74:2; Psalm 119:152; ׳כְּק Jeremiah 30:20; Lamentations 5:21; ׳ישֵׁב ק Psalm 55:20 he that sitteth (enthroned from) of old.
e. beginning, מִקַּדְמֵיאָֿ֑רֶץ Proverbs 8:23 from the beginnings of the earth; מִפְעָלָיו׳ק Proverbs 8:22 the beginning of his works ("" רֵאשִׁית).
[קֵ֫דֶם], with ה locative I. קֵ֫דְמָה
adverb eastward, to, toward, the east; — Genesis 25:6 (J), Leviticus 1:16; Leviticus 16:14; Numbers 34:3,11,15; Joshua 19:12,13 (all P), 1 Kings 7:39 2 Chronicles 4:10; 1 Kings 17:3 = 2 Kings 13:17; Ezekiel 8:16 (twice in verse); + north, south, west, Genesis 13:14; Genesis 28:14 (both J), Numbers 2:3; Numbers 3:28; Numbers 10:5 (north, west, in ᵐ5), Numbers 34:10 (all P); also as
noun after מְּאַת = eastern side, Exodus 27:13; Exodus 38:13 (both P), + W Ezekiel 45:7 (strike out Co; read קֶדֶם Berthol Toy Krae), + north, south, west, Numbers 35:5; Joshua 18:20 so ׳גְּבוּל ק Joshua 15:5 (all P).
קֵדְמָה (“eastward”), [Kedemah], pr.n. of a son of Ishmael, Genesis 25:15.