the Week of Proper 3 / Ordinary 8
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #6605 - פָּתַח
1) to open
1a) (Qal) to open
1b) (Niphal) to be opened, be let loose, be thrown open
1c1) to free
1c2) to loosen
1c3) to open, open oneself
1d) (Hithpael) to loose oneself
2) to carve, engrave
2a) (Piel) to engrave
2b) (Pual) to be engraved
2649) htp (פתהה PTHh) AC: Open CO: Door AB: ?: [from: tp- a hole for entering]
V) htp (פתהה PTHh) - Open: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (146): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hitpael, Pual, Piel) open, loose, grave, engrave, put off, out, appear, drawn, break - Strongs: H6605 (פָּתַח), H6606 (פְּתַח)
Nm) htp (פתהה PTHh) - Door: As an entrance or opening. KJV (164): door, entering, entry, gate, in, entrance, opening, place - Strongs: H6607 (פֶּתַח), H6608 (פֵּתַח)
am) htpm (מפתהה MPTHh) - Key: KJV (3): key - Strongs: H4668 (מַפְתֵּחַ)
bf) hitp (פתיהה PTYHh) - Drawn sword: In the sense of being opened from the sheath. KJV (1): sword - Strongs: H6609 (פְּתִיחָה)
hm) htpm (מפתהה MPTHh) - Opening: KJV (1): opening - Strongs: H4669 (מִפְתָּח)
edm) hftip (פיתוהה PYTWHh) - Carving: In the sense of opening with a knife or chisel. KJV (11): engraving, graving, carved, graven - Strongs: H6603 (פִּתֻּחַ)
ejm) nfhtip (פיתההונ PYTHhWN) - Opening: KJV (2): open, opening - Strongs: H6610 (פִּתָּחוֹן)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳פ 2 Kings 15:16 +, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִפְתַּח Exodus 21:33 +; 3 masculine plural suffix יִפְתָּחוּם Nehemiah 13:19, etc.; Imperative masculine singular מְּתַחִ 2 Kings 13:17 +; feminine singular מִּתְחִיּ Song of Solomon 5:2; masculine plural מִּתְחוּ Joshua 10:22 +; Infinitive absolute מָּתֹחַ Deuteronomy 15:8 +; construct לִפְתֹח Ezekiel 21:27 +; Participle active מֹּתֵחַ Judges 3:25 +; pass. מָּתוּחַ Jeremiah 5:16 +, etc.; — open sack, שַׂק, Genesis 42:27 (E), אַמְתַּחַת Genesis 43:21; Genesis 44:11 (J), skin-bottle (נאוד). Judges 4:19, hamper (תֵּדָה) Exodus 2:6 (E), pit (בּוֺר) Exodus 21:33 (E; i. e. uncover it), mouth (מִּי) of cave Joshua 10:22 (JE), grave Ezekiel 37:12,13 (to bring forth dead), of. (in figurative) Jeremiah 5:16; Psalm 5:10; כְּלִי פָתוּחַ Numbers 19:15; (P) open vessel; door (דֶּלֶת; sometimes opposed to סָגַר) Judges 3:25 + Judges 3:25 (object omitted), Judges 19:27; 1 Samuel 3:15; 2 Kings 9:3,10; 2 Chronicles 29:3; Job 31:32 (c.ל person); figurative of Leb. Zechariah 11:1; דַּלתֵי שָׁמַיִם Psalm 78:23 (of ׳י, sending rain); ׳ד = city-gates Nehemiah 13:19; Isaiah 45:1("" שְׁעָרִים; ׳י subject, with לפְנֵי); ׳ד omitted Song of Solomon 5:2,5,6; gate (שַׁעַר), of land Nahum 3:13 (Infinitive absolute + Imperfect
Niph`al q. v.), compare Ezekiel 25:9, שׁער of temple (- court) Ezekiel 46:12 (with ל, person), Psalm 118:19 ( id.), city Isaiah 26:2, object omitted Deuteronomy 20:11; 2 Kings 15:16; window, חַלּוֺן, 2 Kings 13:17 (twice in verse),אֲרֻבּוֺת הַשָׁמַיִם (by ׳י sending rain) Genesis 8:6(J), Malachi 3:10; city Jeremiah 13:19, עִיר מְּתוּחָה Joshua 8:17 (JE); absolute וְלאֹ סגר׳פ Isaiah 22:22 (twice in verse); — Isaiah 14:17 is dubious, Gr Perles Anal. 28. 42 Kit (in Di) read ׳לַאֲסִירָיו לאֹפֿבֵּיתהַֿכֶּלֶא; > Bu Che Marti אֲסִירָיו לאֹ מִּתַּח אִישׁלְבֵיתוֺ; storehouse, armoury Genesis 41:56; Jeremiah 50:25 (of ׳י), Jeremiah 50:26 (for destruction), figurative of sky, for rain Deuteronomy 28:12 (with ל person; of ׳י ), compare open בָּ֑ר, expose for sale, Amos 8:5; open womb, i.e. grant offspring Genesis 29:31; Genesis 30:22 (J); open mouth (מֶּה) to cry, speak Ezekiel 21:27; Job 3:1; Daniel 10:16, hence = speak Isaiah 53:7 (twice in verse); Job 33:2; Psalm 39:10; Psalm 78:2 (בְּמָשָׁל), Psalm 109:2 (with עַל person), Proverbs 24:7; Proverbs 31:8 (with ל person), Proverbs 31:9; Proverbs 31:26 (בְּחָכְמָה); Psalm 49:5 either utter, declare, propound riddle, or open up, expound; have power of speech Psalm 38:14; of ׳י giving power of (prophetic) speech Ezekiel 3:27; Ezekiel 33:22, giving speech to ass Numbers 22:28 (J); open mouth, to eat Ezekiel 3:2, of earth, to swallow up, Numbers 16:32: Numbers 26:10, compare (מֶּה omitted) Psalm 106:17; open lips, to speak Job 11:5 (with עִם person), Job 32:20 (G1Job 32:21); of ׳י opening man's lips Psalm 51:17, man's ear Isaiah 50:5 (Assyrian uznâ puttû); of eyes only passive participle, with אֶל 1 Kings 8:29 2 Chronicles 6:20; 1 Kings 8:52; Nehemiah 1:6, with ל 2 Chronicles 6:40 (by zeugma), 2 Chronicles 7:15 (all of ׳י's favour); open hand, in giving Deuteronomy 15:8,11 (c, ל person, + infinitive absolute), of ׳י Psalm 104:28; Psalm 145:16; book Nehemiah 8:5 (twice in verse), letter Nehemiah 6:5; open river (channel) Isaiah 41:18 (of ׳י), rock, letting out water, Psalm 105:41 ( id.); open sword, = draw it Ezekiel 21:33; Psalm 37:14; of root שָׁרְשִׁי פָתוּחַ אֱלֵימָֿ֑יִם Job 29:19, i.e. with no obstacle intervening. — תִּפְתַּח אֶרֶץ Isaiah 45:8 is dubious; verb not elsewhere intransitive; Du Che Hpt Marti proposes רַחְמָהּ as object; Gr Kit (in Di) read תִּמָּתַח.
Niph`al Perfect 3 masculine singular נִפְתַּח Isaiah 5:27, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִמָּתַח Ezekiel 24:27, יִמָּתֵ֑חַ Ezekiel 44:2 +, etc.; Infinitive construct הִמָּתֵחַ Isaiah 51:14; Participle נִפְתָּח Zechariah 13:1; — be opend, of girdle Isaiah 5:27 (i.e. loosened), compare of captive Isaiah 51:14, and, of calamity, Jeremiah 1:14 be let loose (with עַל person); gates Nahum 2:7; Nahum 3:13 (of land, thrown open to (ל) enemy), Ezekiel 44:2; Ezekiel 46:1 (twice in verse); Nehemiah 7:3; impersonal of man shut in by God Job 12:14; of windows of heaven Genesis 7:11 (P), compare Isaiah 24:18 (of future destruction); the heavens themselves Ezekiel 1:1(for visions); fountain Zechariah 13:1; wine (-skin, with negative) Job 32:19; mouth, in speech Job 24:27; Job 33:22; ears Isaiah 35:5.
Pi`el Perfect 3 masculine singular מִּתַּח Job 30:11 +, מִּתֵּ֑חַ Job 12:18 +, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יְפַתַּח; Isaiah 28:24,1singular אֲפַתֵּחַ Isaiah 45:1, etc.; — Infinitive abs מַּתֵּחַ Isaiah 58:6 construct, id. Psalm 102:21; Participle מְפַתֵּ֑חַ 1 Kings 20:11; — loose:
1 free, i.e. ungird, camels Genesis 24:32 (J): loins of kings Isaiah 45:1 (i.e. disarm them); set free, with suffix person Psalm 105:20; Jeremiah 40:4 (with מִן); with accusative בְּנֵי תְמוּתָה Psalm 102:21.
2 loosen (and remove) sack-cloth Isaiah 20:2 (c.מֵעַל ), Psalm 30:12; armour 1 Kings 20:11 (object omitted; opposed to חָגַר); bonds Job 12:18; Psalm 116:16, compare Isaiah 58:6; Job 39:5; cord Job 30:11; Job 38:11; loosen ground Isaiah 28:24 (in tillage; compare Vogelst Land wrirthschaft 38, Assyrian puttû).
3 open gates Isaiah 60:11, doors Job 41:6 (figurative of crocodile's jaws); ear Isaiah 48:8 (read probably either מִּתַּחְתִּי, מָּתַחְתִּי [ᵐ5 Du Marti], or נִפְתְּחָה [Gr Che Kit in Di]; buds Song of Solomon 7:13 (of blossom; object omitted; or intransitive, as sometimes Arabic see Dozy).
Hithpa`el Imperative masculine plural התפתחו Isaiah 52:2 Kt < Qr feminine singular הִתְמַּתְּחִי (so ᵐ5; of personified Jerusalem) loosen thee (Ges§ 54 f) the fetters of thy neck.
II. [מָּתַח] verb Pi`el engrave (Late Hebrew Pi`el id.,מִּתּוּחַ = Biblical Hebrew, and so ᵑ7; Assyrian patâ—u, bore, penetrate; compare perhaps Arabic , ring (compare Frä252)); — Perfect 3 masculine singular מִּתַּח 2 Chronicles 3:7, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular וַיְפַתַּח 1 Kings 7:36; 2 masculine singular תְּפַתַּח Exodus 28:11; Infinitive construct לְפַתֵּחַ 2 Chronicles 2:6; 2 Chronicles 2:13; Participle מְפַתֵּחַ Zechariah 3:9; — engrave, with accusative + על, on metal 1 Kings 7:36; 2 Chronicles 3:7; Exodus 28:36 (accusative of congnate meaning with verb מִּתּוּחֵי חוֺתָם), on stone Exodus 28:9; with accusative אֶבֶן + accusative of congnate meaning with verb Exodus 28:11(all P); with accusative of congnate meaning with verb only, Zechariah 3:9 (on stone), and, in General, 2 Chronicles 2:6; 2 Chronicles 2:13.
Pu`al Participle feminine plural מְפֻתָּחֹת פִתּוּחֵי חוֺתָם Exodus 39:9 (P) stones engraved with the engravings of signet.
[מְּתַח] verb open (see Biblical Hebrew); —
Pe`al Passive participle feminine plural מְּתִיחָן Daniel 6:11 opened (windows).
Pe>îl (W CG 225) Perfect 3 masculine plural מְּתִ֫יחוּ Daniel 7:10 books were opened.
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(1) to open (Syr., Arab. فتح, Eth. ፊተሐ፡ id., compare the kindred roots פָּתָה and פָּקַח), as the eyes, 1 Kings 8:29 (compare פָּקַח); a door, Judges 3:25 a book, Nehemiah 8:5, etc. Specially the following phrases are to be noticed
(a) פָּתַח אֶת־פִּיו to open the mouth, whether it be to eat, Ezekiel 3:2, or to sing, Psalms 78:2 or to speak, especially after silence, Job 3:1, 33:2 hence to speak, to utter words, Proverbs 31:8; Psalms 109:2, and, on the other hand, not to open the mouth, i.e. to be silent, Psalms 39:10; Isaiah 53:7. Different from this is
(b) to open any one’s mouth (said of God), i.e. to cause one to speak who had been dumb, Numbers 22:28, or not fluent, Ezekiel 3:27, 33:22.
(c) to open any one’s ear, i.e. to reveal to him, used of God, Isaiah 50:5, compare 48:8.
(d) to open one’s hand to any one (followed by לְ), i.e. to be liberal towards him, Deuteronomy 15:8, 11 Deuteronomy 15:11.
(e) Cities which surrender are said to open (sc. their gates) to the besiegers, Deuteronomy 20:11; 2 Kings 15:16.
(f) to open corn, a bold figure for to open the granaries, to sell the grain, Amos 8:5.
(2) to let loose, as a sword, i.e. to draw it, Psalms 37:14 Eze. 21:33 a captive (to free from prison), Isaiah 14:17.
(3) to begin, to lead in (eröffnen), e.g. a song, Psalms 49:5.
(1) to be opened, Genesis 7:11; Isaiah 35:5; Ezekiel 1:1.
(2) to be loosed, used of a girdle, Isaiah 5:27 to be set free, used of a captive, Job 12:14.
(1) to open, i.q. Kal, Job 41:6, and intrans. to open oneself, Song of Solomon 7:13 (of a flower); to be opened (used of the ear), Isaiah 48:8.
(2) to loose, as bonds, Job 30:11, 38:31 39:5 Psalms 116:16 a girdle, Psalms 30:12; Isaiah 20:2, etc. Part. מְפַתֵּחַ one who looses, sc. a girdle, used of a warrior taking off his armour after a battle. Also, followed by an acc. of pers. whose bonds are loosed, Jeremiah 40:4 or whose girdle is loosed, Isaiah 45:1.
(3) to open the ground with a plough, to plough, Isaiah 28:24 and (what is similar to this)
(4) to engrave, to carve, wood, 1 Kings 7:36 precious stones, Exodus 28:36 also used as to ornamental stones for building, Zechariah 3:9.
Pual, pass. of Piel No. 4, Exodus 39:6.
Hithpael, to loose oneself (from bonds), Isaiah 52:2.
Derived nouns, פֶּתַח-פְּתַחְיָה, פִּתּוּחַ, פְּתִיחָה, מַפְתֵּחַ, מִפְתָּח, and pr. names יִפְתָּח, נֶפְתּוֹחַ, נַפְתֻּחִים.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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