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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #6524 - פָּרַח
1) to bud, sprout, shoot, bloom
1a) (Qal) to bud, sprout, send out shoots, blossom
1b1) to cause to bud or sprout
1b2) to show buds or sprouts
2) (Qal) to break out (of leprosy)
3) (Qal) to fly
V) hrp (פרהה PRHh) - Burst: To break out or forth as a blooming flower or the wings of a bird. KJV (36): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) flourish, bud, blossom, grow, break, fly, spring, abroad, abundantly, spread - Strongs: H6524 (פָּרַח)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal = flourish,
Hiph`il causative, Sirach 49:10; Sirach 40:19; Arabic II. hatch, also sprout, young of bird (see אֶפְרֹחַ below), twig, sprout; Assyrian pir—u, noun sprout; — on meaning compare GFM JBL x (1891), 57); —
Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳פ Ezekiel 7:10 +, etc; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִפְרַח Hosea 14:6 +, 3 feminine plural תִּפְרַחְנָה Isaiah 66:14, etc.; Infinitive absolute מָּרֹחַ Isaiah 35:2; construct בִּפְרֹךְ Psalm 92:8; Participle feminine מֹּרַ֫חַת Genesis 40:10; — bud, sprout, send out shoots, of vine Genesis 40:10 (E), Hosea 14:8 (simile), Song of Solomon 6:11; Song of Solomon 7:13; fig-tree Habakkuk 3:17 (< ᵐ5 We Now תִּפְרֶח); rods Numbers 17:20; Numbers 17:23; metaphor of restored Israel Hosea 14:6; Isaiah 27:6, compare of bones Isaiah 66:14 (כַּדֶּשֶׁא); of righteous Psalm 72:7; Psalm 92:13; Proverbs 11:28; of wicked (כְּמוֺ עֵשֶׂב) Psalm 92:8; also of steppe (עֲרָבָה) Isaiah 35:1, מָּרֹחַ תִּפְרַח Isaiah 35:2; figurative of judgment Hosea 10:4 (כָּראֹשׁ; but on text see Now); of זָדוֺן (q. v. p. 268) Ezekiel 7:10.
Hiph`il Perfect 1 singular הִפְרַחְתִּי Ezekiel 17:24; Imperfect יַפְרִחַ Job 14:9, etc.; —
1 cause to bud or sprout, with accusative עֵץ Ezekiel 17:24, זֶרַע Isaiah 17:11, both figurative
2 shew buds, sprouts, of tree Job 14:9; figurative of righteous Psalm 92:14; = flourish, of אֹהֶל יְשָׁרִים, Proverbs 14:11 (all
Qal in ִ֯ according to Ba ZMG xliii (1889), 180 f.).
II. מָּרַח verb break out, of leprosy and like eruptions (in P) (usually taken as = I. ׳פ, but dubious; Late Hebrew id., also decay, ferment Vogelst Landwirthschaft 22; Syriac spread, of leprosy, etc.; NS. leprous spots); —
Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳פ Leviticus 13:39 (of בֹּהַקִ), ׳וּפ consecutive Leviticus 14:43 (of נֶגַע); of צָרַעַת 3 feminine singular מָּרָ֑חָה Leviticus 13:20,25, also Imperfect 3 feminine singular + Infinitive absolute מָּרוֺחַ תִּפְרַח Leviticus 13:12, and Participle feminine מֹּרַחַת see 42; of שְׁחִין Participle masculine מֹּרֵחַ Exodus 9:9,10.
III. [מָּרַח] verb fly, Aramaism, si vera lectio (Late Hebrew id., especially fly away; Aramaic מְּרַח, fly; insect, bird); —
Qal Participle feminine plural לְפֹרְחוֺת Ezekiel 13:20 (twice in verse) for (like ?) flying things, i. e. birds, but strike out ᵐ5ᵑ6 Hi Siegf in v a (where probably insert from v b); Co Toy Berthol Krae in v a; v b.
(1) to break out, to burst forth.
(a) used of the young, as issuing from the womb (Arab. فرخ; compare at the root פָּרַד); whence אֶפְרוֹחַ, פִּרְחָח.
(b) to sprout, to flourish, to bud forth, as a plant, Isaiah 17:11; Job 14:9 to put forth buds, leaves, flowers, as a tree (ausfchlagen), Song of Solomon 6:11; Habakkuk 3:17. Metaph.
(α) used of the flourishing and prosperous condition of a person or nation, Psalms 92:8, 13 Psalms 92:13; Isaiah 27:6.
(β) Hosea 10:4, “punishment shall bud forth like the poppy.”
(c) to break out, as a leprosy, sore (Germ. ausfchlagen), Leviticus 13:12, seqq.; 14:43 Exodus 9:9, 10.
(2) to fly, like the Chald., Ezekiel 13:20 (How this signification can be reconciled with that of budding forth, see under the syn. נָצַץ.)
(1) to cause to bud forth, or flourish (said of God), Isaiah 17:11; Ezekiel 17:24.
(2) to put forth (to make) buds and flowers, as a tree, Psalms 92:13; Job 14:9. Metaph. Proverbs 14:11.
Derivatives, פֶּרַח, פִּרְחָח, אֶפְרֹחַ, and pr.n. פָּרוּחַ.