the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #5157 - נָחַל
1) to get as a possession, acquire, inherit, possess
1a1) to take possession, inherit
1a2) to have or get as a possession or property (figuratively)
1a3) to divide the land for a possession
1a4) to acquire (testimonies) (figuratively)
1b) (Piel) to divide for a possession
1c) (Hithpael) to possess oneself of
1d1) to give as a possession
1d2) to cause to inherit, give as an inheritance
1e) (Hophal) to be allotted, be made to possess
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect ׳נ Zechariah 2:16; 2 masculine singular נָחַלְתָּ Exodus 23:20 8t. Perfect; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִנְחַלְ Isaiah 57:13; 3 masculine plural יִנְחֲלוּ Numbers 18:23 5t.; יִנְחָ֑לוּ Numbers 26:55 2t.; + 8t. Imperfect; Infinitive נְחֹל Numbers 34:18; Joshua 19:49; —
1 take possession, inherit:
a. land of Canaan, Exodus 23:30 (E), Exodus 32:13 (J), Isaiah 57:13; Ezekiel 47:14; Zoin and Judah Psalm 69:37.
b. special sections in the land, of tribes and individuals, נחל נחלה Joshua 17:6 (J); ׳נחלה אשׁר נ Deuteronomy 19:14 (D), Numbers 35:8 (P), compare Joshua 14:1 (P); without accusative, have or get a (landed) property, Numbers 18:20,23,24; Numbers 26:55; Numbers 32:19; Joshua 16:4; Joshua 19:9 (all P), Judges 11:3.
c. land of Moab and Ammon by conquest Zephaniah 2:9; landed property בכל הנוים Psalm 82:8.
d. God takes possession of Israel as his private property Exodus 34:9 (J); Judah Zechariah 2:16.
2 figurative have or get as a possession, property: testimonies Psalm 119:111, glory Proverbs 3:35, good things Proverbs 28:10, lies Jeremiah 16:19, wind Proverbs 11:29, simplicity Proverbs 14:18.
3 divide the land for a possession, Numbers 34:17,18; Joshua 19:49 (all P; incorrect pointing for Piel, so SS).
Pi`el divide for a possession: Perfect 3 masculine singular נִחַל Joshua 13:32; 3 plural נִחֲלוּ Joshua 14:1; Joshua 19:51; Infinitive נַחֵל Numbers 34:29 (all P); also Numbers 34:17,18; Joshua 19:49 (see Qal 3).
Hithpa`el Perfect 3 plural suffix הִתְנַחֲלוּם Isaiah 24:2; 2 masculine plural הִתְנַחַלְתֶּם Leviticus 25:46; Numbers 33:54; Imperfect תִּתְנַחֲלוּ Numbers 34:13; Ezekiel 47:13; תִּתְנֶחָ֑לוּ Numbers 33:54; Infinitive הִתְנַחֵל Numbers 32:18; possess oneself of land (accusative), Numbers 33:54; Numbers 34:13(P) Ezekiel 47:13; נחלה Numbers 32:18 (P); slaves Leviticus 25:46 (P) Isaiah 14:2; absolute, reference to land Numbers 33:54 (P); all with לְ person (for whose benefit), except Numbers 32:18; Numbers 34:13; Isaiah 14:2.
Hiph`il Perfect 1 singular הִנְחַ֫לְתִּי Jeremiah 3:18 3t. Perfect; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יַנְחִיל Deuteronomy 3:28; יַנְחִל Ezekiel 46:18; 2 masculine singular suffix תַּנְחִילֶנָּה Deuteronomy 31:7 5t. Imperfect; Infinitive construct הַנְחִיל Isaiah 49:8; Proverbs 8:21; בְּהַנְחֵל Deuteronomy 32:8 (on form compare Ew§ 238 d Kö i. 315 Ges§ 53 k; read בְּהַנְחִל?); suffix הַנְחִילוֺ Deuteronomy 21:16; Participle מַנְחִיל Deuteronomy 12:10; —
1 give as a possession:
a. land of Canaan (given by ׳י or his servants), accusative of person and thing, Deuteronomy 1:38; Deuteronomy 3:28; Deuteronomy 12:10; Deuteronomy 19:3; Deuteronomy 31:7; Joshua 1:6 (all D), Jeremiah 3:18; Jeremiah 12:14.
b. various things, accusative of person and thing, especially blessings, Zechariah 8:12; 1 Samuel 2:8; Proverbs 8:21; accusative of thing Isaiah 49:8; accusative of person Deuteronomy 32:8.
2 cause to inherit, give as an inheritance, with accusative of person and thing, Deuteronomy 21:16; accusative of person + מן thing, Ezekiel 46:18; accusative of person Proverbs 13:22; ל person 1 Chronicles 28:8.
Hoph`al Perfect 1 singular הָנְחַלְתּי Job 7:3 made to possess, with accusative of thing, e.g. months of vanity.
(1) to receive any thing as a possession, to possess, as wealth, glory, Proverbs 3:35, 11:29 28:10 very frequently used of the children of Israel, as acquiring the possession of Canaan, and as possessing it, Exodus 23:30, 32:13 also followed by בְּ (to acquire a settlement in a country, in the midst of brethren), Numbers 18:20, 23 Numbers 18:23, 24 Numbers 18:24 and אֵת (with any one) ibid., 32:19; absol. Joshua 16:4. In other places Jehovah is spoken of as taking Israel as his own, and as therefore guarding and defending them, Exodus 34:9 Zech. 2:16.
(2) specially to receive as an inheritance, Judges 11:2 compare Numbers 18:20. Metaphorically, Psalms 119:111.
(3) causat. i.q. Piel to give any thing to be possessed, to distribute, followed by an acc. of the thing, and לְ of pers. Numbers 34:17, אֲשֶׁר־יִנְחֲלוּ לָכֶם אֶת־הָאָרֶץ “who shall distribute the land to you;” verse 18 Numbers 34:18; Joshua 19:49 with an acc. of pers. (apparently), Exodus 34:9, נְחַלְתָּנוּ “give us a possession.”
Piel נִחַל to give for a possession, to distribute, Joshua 13:32 followed by two acc. of person and thing, Joshua 14:1; Numbers 34:29 לְ of pers., Joshua 19:51.
(1) to give for a possession, commonly followed by two acc. of person and thing, Proverbs 8:21, 13:22 Zechariah 8:12 without the acc. of the thing, Deuteronomy 32:8, בְּהַנְחֵל עֶלְיוֹן גּוֹיִם “when the Most High distributed to the nations;” and without the acc. of pers., Isaiah 49:8 often used of the distribution of the land of Canaan, Deuteronomy 1:38, 3:28 12:10 19:3 31:7 Jeremiah 3:18, 12:14 Joshua 1:6.
(2) to cause to inherit, i.e.
(a) to leave to be inherited, followed by a dative of pers., 1 Chronicles 28:8.
(b) to distribute an inheritance, followed by two acc., Deuteronomy 21:16.
Hophal, to be made to inherit, i.e. to acquire, although by compulsion, and unwillingly; hence with acc., Job 7:3, הָנְחַלְתִּי לִי יַרְחֵי־שָׁוְא “I acquire months of misery;” such are allotted to me.
Hithpael, i.q. Kal, to receive as one’s own possession, to possess, followed by an acc., Numbers 32:18; Isaiah 14:2. Followed by a dat. of pers. to possess any thing to leave to one’s heir. Levit. 25:46, וְהִתְנַחַלְתֶּם אֹתָם לִבְנֵיכֶם אַחֲרֵיכֶם “and ye shall possess them (slaves) to be left to your sons after you;” so rightly all the ancient versions.
In a similar manner, we must explain the passages, Numbers 33:54, 34:13 Ezekiel 47:13. Compare Ewald’s Hebr. Gramm., p. 204.
II. נָחַל an unused root, i.q. נָהַל, נָחַר to flow, whence the following words. [This root is not divided in Thes. into two parts.]